Stūpa III and its single gateway, Sānchi, Madhya Pradesh state, India
Monument erected in memory of the Buddha
or a Buddhist saint, often marking a sacred spot, commemorating an event, or housing a relic. Stupas are architectural symbols of the Buddha's death. A simple stupa may consist of a circular earthenware base supporting a massive solid dome from which projects an umbrella, symbolizing protection. This basic design is the inspiration for other types of Buddhist monuments, including pagoda
s, seen throughout Asia. Worship consists of walking clockwise around a stupa. Many important stupas have become places of pilgrimage
Learn more about stupa with a free trial on Britannica.com.
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.