is a colloquial
term applied to a diffuse group of martial arts movies
made primarily in Hong Kong
during the 1960s and 1970s. The term was coined by Variety magazine
. The word is a play on chop suey
(Chinese for 'mixed pieces'), combining "chop" (as in karate chop
; a strike with the edge of the hand) and "socky" or "sock" (as in a punch
). Thus, "chop" and "punches" are an appropriate term for movies and books with "martial arts" themes.
The term was usually characterized by over-blown story-lines, cheesy special effects, and excessive violence. Although it is commonly used as if it were a name of martial arts cinema by the general media, the word is a disparaging term against it as a whole.