Definitions

chip basket

Tiene

The Tiene, sometimes also Tine written, was till the time after the First World War a special transport container for wine and fruit (also: Obsttiene) in the Brandenburg city Werder (Havel) of Germany. The wooden tubs were carried as a rule on the back till the small boats and were shipped on Havel particularly to the stands at markets in Berlin.

Concept, History

The concept Tiene comes from the wine press wine-growing and was used in the Brandenburg March originally in the 16/17th century for the wooden tubs in which the grapes were kicked. Later the Winegrowers transferred the concept on the wooden tubes in which they transported her wine and her fruit. The fruit arable land around the river island city of Werder has a long tradition which goes back to the fruit fields of the Cistercians monks in the Monastery of Lehnin in whose possession the city of Werder (Havel) was long.

Capacity

The contents of a Tiene was 3.5 to 4 kg or 7 litres amounted to capacity, mass according to fruit kind. The own weight of oak made containers was 1.8 kg, of spruce weighed 1.6 kg. The conical built Tienen were done up for the dispatch on top with a linen cloth. In Werder (Havel) and surroundings were about 1900 more than 200,000 Tienen in use whose production was rather significant for the craft in the town. On the island there were three cooper's. It is to be supposed that the cooper's trade arose already in the 18th century in Werder (Havel) and the first Tienen were produced at the beginning of 19th century for the transport by fruits. Before the Tienen were sold to the fruit farmers, the coopers allowed to calibrate them. The Tienen were dried and then weighed and the dead weight on the outside was branded. A new Tiene for Cherries with a capacity of 7 to 9 pounds cost in 1908 sixty Pfennigs. A Tiene for rasperries caught 50 to 60 pounds. The fruits were determined for the industrial processing. Werder (Havel) has looked pioneering in relation on transport container, while it introduced the Chip basket (made from wooden chips) as the first German cultivation area about 1910. With it her meaning lost the Tiene very fast.

Tienen more interesting than buildings of Schinkel (Fontane)

Theodor Fontane remembers in the wanderings by the Brandenburg March his school way in Berlin which led him every morning in the state of the Werderschen (term of the inhabitants of Werder) between Friedrich's bridge and the Herkules-bridge in her original location with Burg-street: Sometimes it probably also met that we saw the late » second meeting « of the Werderschen, from the Unterbaum, rowing: big boats close with Tienen occupied, while on the oar benches twenty women sat and moved her oars and the heads with the panniers hats equally energetically. [...] the air swam in a refreshing smell, and the domed building of the inverted Tienen'' piled up about one another interested us more than the comfortable construction of Castle Monbijou and to say sadly, also as the column wood of the New Museum of Schinkel.

Literature

Theodor Fontane, Wanderungen durch die Mark Brandenburg. Part 3-rd Havel's land. (1-st edition in 1873.) citation after the issue: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, Munich in 1971, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin. Page 418. ISBN 3-485-00293-3. Because of many different issues the tip: Chapter Die Werderschen, 1-st segment. (German)

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