Definitions

Chinese water torture

Chinese water torture

Chinese water torture or commonly called in Continental Europe, Spanish Water Torture is the popular name for a method of water torture in which water is slowly dripped onto a person's forehead, allegedly driving the victim insane. This form of torture was first described under a different name by Hippolytus de Marsiliis in Italy in the 16th century.

Evidence of use

There is no evidence that this form of torture was ever used by the Chinese. The popularity of the term "Chinese water torture" may have arisen from Harry Houdini's Chinese Water Torture Cell (a feat of escapology introduced in Berlin at Circus Busch September 211912 ; the escape entailed Houdini being bound and suspended upside-down in a locked glass and steel cabinet full to overflowing with water, from which he escaped), together with the Fu Manchu stories of Sax Rohmer that were popular in the 1930s (in which the evil Fu Manchu subjected his victims to various ingenious tortures, such as the wire jacket). Hippolytus de Marsiliis is credited with the invention of a form of water torture. Having observed how drops of water falling one by one on a stone gradually created a hollow, he applied the method to the human body. Other suggestions say that the term, "Chinese Water Torture" was invented merely to grant the method a sense of ominous mystery.

The term Spanish water torture is also used in Europe and UK, although this term often refers to a variation of waterboarding used during the Spanish Inquisition

"Victims were strapped down so that they could not move, and cold water was then dripped slowly on to a small area of the body. The forehead was found to be the most suitable point for this form of torture: prisoners could see each drop coming, and after long durations were gradually driven frantic as an increasing hollow would form in the centre of the forehead."

The Norse legend of Loki may have also been an inspiration for the Chinese water torture. Loki, who was punished by the gods for murdering Baldr, was strapped to three slabs of stone, and had a snake placed above him, so that its venom would pour into his eyes.

MythBusters

The Discovery Channel series MythBusters investigated Chinese water torture in the season 3 episode "Brown Note, Water Torture", and found that dripping water on the forehead, by itself, was not particularly stressful. Immobilizing the subject along with a variable water drop schedule proved the most stressful of the methods they tried, and cold water intensified the effect (the myth was confirmed).

The key part of this is that the water drop was made to be randomly timed. Thus, the victim would not know when the next drop would come.

It was also tested on the premiere episode of the History Channel series Surviving History. In that version, they used melting ice dripping through a container.

Claims of actual use

The Falun Gong claims some of its followers have suffered this torture in China. Exhibits of this form of torture may also be seen in Vietnamese prison museums, particularly in Ho Chi Minh City's Warcrime museum. Another source mentions its use against student demonstrators in Tunisia. In both cases, the torture is used along with other techniques, and is rarely the worst.

See also

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References

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