Definitions

Childe

Childe

[chahyld]
Hassam, Childe (Frederick Childe Hassam), 1859-1935, American painter and printmaker, b. Boston, studied in Paris. With their flickering light and airy palette, Hassam's sprightly landscapes, cityscapes, and interiors show the strong influence of late 19th-century French painting, and he is probably the best known of America's impressionists. Examples of his work include many scenes on the Isles of Shoals and July 14th, Rue Daunou, 1910 (1910), The New York Window (1912), The Church at Gloucester (1918), and Fifth Avenue (1919). He also illustrated Celia Thaxter's An Island Garden (1894). An extremely prolific and popular artist, he is represented in virtually every major American museum.

See his lithographs with text by F. Griffith (1962); biography by D. F. Hoopes (1988); I. S. Fort, The Flag Paintings of Childe Hassam (1988); H. B. Weinberg et al., Childe Hassam, American Impressionist (2004).

Childe, Vere Gordon, 1892-1957, British archaeologist, b. Australia. An Oxford graduate, he taught at the Univ. of Edinburgh (1927-46) and the Univ. of London (1946-56). He gained renown for his monumental synthesis of European prehistory, The Dawn of European Civilization (1925, 6th ed. 1957), and The Prehistory of European Society (1958). His studies in Asian archaeology led him to advance the concepts of the agricultural and urban revolutions in New Light on the Most Ancient East (1929, rev. ed. 1953). His interpretation of human history is put forth in two popular works, Man Makes Himself (1937, rev. ed. 1951) and What Happened in History (1942).

(born April 14, 1892, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia—died Oct. 19, 1957, Mount Victoria, N.S.W.) Australian-British archaeologist. He taught at the University of Edinburgh (1927–46) and later directed the Institute of Archaeology at the University of London (1946–56). His study of European prehistory, especially in The Dawn of European Civilization (1925), sought to evaluate the relationship between Europe and the Middle East and to examine the structure and character of ancient cultures of the Western world. His later books included The Most Ancient Near East (1928) and The Danube in Prehistory (1929). His approach established a tradition of prehistoric studies.

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(born Oct. 17, 1859, Boston, Mass., U.S.—died Aug. 27, 1935, East Hampton, N.Y.) U.S. painter and printmaker. He studied in Boston and Paris before settling in New York City. From 1898 to 1918 he exhibited together with a group of New York and Boston painters known as The Ten, who became the foremost proponents of U.S. Impressionism. Urban life was his favourite subject, but his landscapes of New England and rural New York also became popular. Paintings such as Washington Arch, Spring (1890) are characterized by clear, luminous atmosphere and brilliant colour. He also produced some 400 etchings and lithographs.

Learn more about Hassam, (Frederick) Childe with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born April 14, 1892, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia—died Oct. 19, 1957, Mount Victoria, N.S.W.) Australian-British archaeologist. He taught at the University of Edinburgh (1927–46) and later directed the Institute of Archaeology at the University of London (1946–56). His study of European prehistory, especially in The Dawn of European Civilization (1925), sought to evaluate the relationship between Europe and the Middle East and to examine the structure and character of ancient cultures of the Western world. His later books included The Most Ancient Near East (1928) and The Danube in Prehistory (1929). His approach established a tradition of prehistoric studies.

Learn more about Childe, V(ere) Gordon with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Childe's Tomb is located on the south-east edge of Foxtor Mires, c.500 metres north of Fox Tor on Dartmoor, in the United Kingdom at . It is approximately 3 feet 4 inches (1 m) tall and 1 foot 8 inches (0.5 m) at the crosspiece.

Legend has it that the cross was erected over the kistvaen (burial chamber) of Childe the Hunter.

The cross has its base in a socket stone, resting on granite blocks over the chamber. The whole is surrounded by a circle of granite stones set up on their edge, in the fashion of a number of kistvaens on the moor. This raises the total height of the cross to 7 feet.

The tomb was vandalised in 1812 by Thomas Windeatt who was responsible for taking many of the stones when building Fox Tor Farm. It is believed that some stones were used to make a clapper bridge across the River Swincombe.

The site was repaired in the 1880s by Fearnley Tanner as one of the first acts of the Dartmoor Preservation Association.

Childe the Hunter was Ordulf, son of Ordgar, who was the Anglo-Saxon Earl of Devon in the 11th century. The name 'Childe' is derived from the word Cild meaning 'Young Lord'.

Legend has it that Childe was in a party hunting on the moor when they were caught in some changeable weather. Childe became separated from the main party and was lost. In order to save himself from dying of exposure, he killed his horse, disembowelled it and crept inside the warm carcass for shelter. He nevertheless froze to death, but before he died, he wrote a note to the effect that whoever should find him and bury him in their church should inherit his Plymstock estate.

William Crossing quotes Tristram Risdon who relates that the original tomb bore the following inscription:

"They fyrste that fyndes and bringes mee to my grave, The priorie of Plimstoke they shall have"

He was found by the monks of Tavistock Abbey, who started to carry his body back. However, they heard of an ambush them by the people of Plymstock, at a bridge over the River Tavy. They took a detour and built a new bridge over Tavy, just outside of Tavistock. They were successful in burying the body in the grounds of the Abbey and inherited the Plymstock estate.

The first account of this story is to be found in a survey undertaken by Thomas Risden in 1630:

It is left us by tradition that one Childe of Plimstoke, a man of fair possessions, having no issue, ordained, by his will, that wheresoever he should happen to be buried, to that church his lands should belong. It so fortuned, that he riding to hunt in the forest of Dartmore, being in pursuit of his game, casually lost his company, and his way likewise. The season then being so cold, and he so benumed therewith, as he was enforced to kill his horse, and embowelled him, to creep into his belly to get heat; which not able to preserve him, was there frozen to death; and so found, was carried by Tavistoke men to be buried in the church of that abbey; which was so secretly done but the inhabitants of Plymstoke had knowledge thereof; which to prevent, they resorted to defend the carriage of the corpse over the bridge, where, they conceived, necessity compelled them to pass. But they were deceived by guile; for the Tavistoke men forthwith built a slight bridge, and passed over at another place without resistance, buried the body, and enjoyed the lands; in memory whereof the bridge beareth the name of Guilebridge to this day.

Notes

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