Chattanooga

Chattanooga

[chat-uh-noo-guh]
Chattanooga, city (1990 pop. 152,466), seat of Hamilton co., E Tenn., on both sides of the Tennessee River near the Georgia line; inc. 1839. It is an important industrial and marketing center. Foremost among its many manufactures are textiles, metal and wood products, chemicals, machinery, and primary metals. It is also a resort destination, almost entirely surrounded by mountains, with many historical and tourist attractions on or near Lookout Mt., Missionary Ridge, and Signal Mt. To the west of the city, the Tennessee River cuts through the Cumberland Plateau in a magnificent gorge, c.1,000 ft (300 m) deep. South of the city lies Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (est. 1890; see National Parks and Monuments, table), part of which is in Georgia. Also of interest are Rock City Gardens, the Tennessee Aquarium, a wildlife sanctuary, historic cemeteries, and many old buildings. Cultural institutions include an opera, symphony orchestra, community theater, and art gallery. The city is the seat of the Univ. of Tennessee at Chattanooga.

A trading post was established in 1810; by 1835, regular steamship service began there. A center first of salt- and then cotton-shipping, the city expanded with the arrival of the railroads in the 1840s and 50s. It was of strategic importance in the Civil War (see Chattanooga campaign). Northern industrialists developed the iron industry during the 1870s. Electric power, augmented by the Tennessee Valley Authority project after 1933, has played an important role in the city's development; Chickamauga Dam is nearby.

City (pop., 2000: 155,554) and port of entry, southeastern Tennessee, U.S. Lying on the Tennessee River between Missionary Ridge to the east and Lookout Mountain to the southwest, it was established as a trading post (Ross's Landing) in 1815. Renamed Chattanooga in 1838, it developed as a river port. A strategic Confederate communications point in the American Civil War, it was a major objective of the Union armies, with fighting culminating in the Battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga (1863).

Learn more about Chattanooga with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Chattanooga, "the Scenic City", is the fourth-largest city in Tennessee (after Memphis, Nashville, and Knoxville), and the seat of Hamilton County, in the United States of America. It is located in southeast Tennessee on Chickamauga and Nickajack Lake, which are both part of the Tennessee River, near the border of Georgia, and at the junction of three interstate highways, I-24, I-75, and I-59.

The city (downtown elevation approximately 685 feet), which lies at the transition between the ridge-and-valley portion of the Appalachian Mountains and the Cumberland Plateau, is surrounded by mountains and ridges.

History

The first inhabitants of the Chattanooga area were Native American Indians with sites dating back to the Upper Paleolithic period, showing continuous occupation through the Archaic, Woodland, Mississippian (900-1650 AD), Muskogean and Cherokee (1776 - 1838 AD) periods.

Chief John Ross has been quoted as stating that Chattanooga was Cherokee for 'The Big Catch' because of the fishing on the river. In the 1875 publication 'History of the Army of the Cumberland' by Thomas Budd Van Horne and Edward Ruger on page 407 this is related:"Historians have made effort to transmit to the future the significance of the names which distinguish the natural features around Chattanooga. It is no pleasant task to leave groundless the many pretty conceits which have so long passed for facts; but he who would write the truth, must not hesitate to dissipate a myth or disclose a false hypothesis. With only occasional allusion to the various interpretations of Cherokee names, which have so long been accepted as true, their actual meaning, as derived from John Ross, the celebrated Cherokee chief, and from Lewis Ross, his brother, are here given. "Chattanooga," originally was the name of a small Indian hamlet, situated near the base of Lookout Mountain, on the bank of Chattanooga creek. It means, in the Cherokee language, " to draw fish out of water," and hence was applied to the collection of huts, which were occupied by Indian fishermen. The humble hamlet disappeared, and its name, at first suggestive and appropriate, was inherited by the town of the white man, with meaningless application. A somewhat similar name was applied by the Cherokees to the cliffs, rising boldly from the river above the town, which was derived from "Clanoowah," the name of a warlike but diminutive hawk, which was supposed to embody the spirit of the tribe. These cliffs were the favorite nesting- place of the bird, and hence a name was given which expressed this fact, and which, perhaps, has suggested the myth, that 'Chattanooga' means 'eagle's nest.'"

The earliest Cherokee occupation dates from Dragging Canoe, who in 1776 separated himself and moved downriver from the main tribe to establish Native American resistance (see Chickamauga Wars) to European settlement in the southeastern United States. Occupation of the area by members of the Cherokee Nation dates from 1816 with the establishment of Ross's Landing by later tribal chief John Ross and ended with the forced relocation of Native American Indians from southeastern U.S. states to Oklahoma in 1838. Ross's Landing was one of three large internment camps, or "emigration depots," along the Trail of Tears, the other two being Fort Payne, Alabama and the largest at Fort Cass, Tennessee.

During the American Civil War on November 23, 1863, the Third Battle of Chattanooga began when Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant reinforced troops at Chattanooga and counterattacked Confederate troops. The next day, the Battle of Lookout Mountain was fought near the town. These were followed the next spring by the Atlanta Campaign, beginning just over the nearby state line in Georgia and moving southeastward.

After the war ended, the city became a major railroad hub and industrial and manufacturing center. By the 1930s it was known as the "Dynamo of Dixie," and even inspired the 1941 Glenn Miller big-band swing song "Chattanooga Choo Choo." But the same mountains that provided Chattanooga's scenic backdrop became shrouded by the industrial pollutants that they trapped and held over the community. In 1969, the federal government declared that Chattanooga's air was the dirtiest in the nation. But environmental crises were not the only problems plaguing the city. Chattanooga entered the 1980s with serious socioeconomic challenges including job layoffs, a deteriorating city infrastructure, racial tensions and social division.

In recent years, private and governmental resources have been invested in transforming the city's tarnished image and to gain recognition for a metamorphosis of its downtown and riverfront areas. An early cornerstone of this project was the restoration of the historic Walnut Street Bridge. The Walnut Street Bridge is the oldest surviving bridge of its kind in the Southeastern United States. Efforts to improve the city include the "21st Century Waterfront Plan" - a $120 million redevelopment of the Chattanooga waterfront and downtown area.

In 1935, as well as from 1993 to 1995, Chattanooga hosted the National Folk Festival.

Economy

The local economy includes a diversified mix of manufacturing and service industries.

Notable Chattanooga businesses include BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee, CBL & Associates, The Chattanooga Bakery, Chattem, the world's first Coca-Cola bottling plant, Coker Tire, Coptix, Covenant Transport, Double Cola, Gordon Biersch Brewery Restaurant Group, Krystal, Litespeed, Miller & Martin, National Model Railroad Association, Olan Mills, Inc., Republic Parking System, Rock/Creek, Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Tricycle Inc., and Unum. The city also hosts large branch offices of Cigna, AT&T and UBS.

Companies that have manufacturing or distribution facilities in the city include DuPont, Rock-Tenn, Plantronics, Domtar Corp., Norfolk Southern, Alco Chemical, Colonial Pipeline and Buzzi Unicem. There is also a Vulcan Materials quarry in the city.

On July 15 2008, Volkswagen Group announced plans to build its new production facility in Chattanooga. The new facility is due to open in 2011.

In addition to corporate business interests, there are many retail shops in Chattanooga, including two shopping malls: Northgate Mall in Hixson and Hamilton Place Mall in East Brainerd.

Utilities

Electric power for most of the city and surrounding area is provided by the city-run Electric Power Board (EPB), which also provides telephone and high-speed internet service to businesses in the downtown area. The TVA operates the nearby Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, Chickamauga Dam and the Raccoon Mountain Pumped-Storage Plant all of which provide electricity to the greater Chattanooga area.

Natural gas and water are provided by the privately run Chattanooga Gas Company and Tennessee-American Water Company, respectively. In 2005 Mayor Ron Littlefield stated his desire for the city to purchase the Tennessee-American Water Company,, which is being sold in a public offering in 2007. Former Mayor Jon Kinsey attempts to have the city buy control were defeated in court.

Comcast is the cable provider for most areas of the city. The incumbent telephone company is AT&T. However, competing phone companies, cellular phones and VoIP are beginning to make inroads. A major interstate fiber optics line operated by AT&T traverses the city, making its way from Atlanta to Cincinnati.

Politics, government and law

The current mayor is Ron Littlefield (R), a long-time city councilman, who was elected in a run-off election in April 2005.

The city operates under a charter granted by the state legislature in 1852, as amended. As of 2005, the city operates with a strong mayor system.

The city's legislative branch is split up into nine districts, with a council member for each district selected in partisan elections. The current council members are Linda Bennett (District 1), Sally Robinson (District 2), Dan Page (District 3), Jack Benson (District 4), John "Duke" Franklin (District 5), Carol Berz (District 6), Manuel "Manny" Rico (District 7), Leamon Pierce (District 8) and Debbie Gaines (District 9).

Within the last ten years the city has won three national awards for outstanding "livability", and 9 Gunther Blue Ribbon Awards for excellence in housing and consolidated planning.

See also List of Mayors of Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Education

Primary and secondary education

Most of Chattanooga's primary and secondary education is funded by the government. The public schools in Chattanooga (and Hamilton County) fall under the purview of the Hamilton County School System

In addition, the city is home to several well-known private and parochial secondary schools, including Baylor School, McCallie School , Girls Preparatory School, and Notre Dame High School. Chattanooga is also home to Siskin Children's Institute, as well as Chattanooga School for the Arts and Sciences magnet school. Howard was the first public school in the area and was established in 1865.

Higher education

The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga is the second largest campus of the University of Tennessee System with a student population of over 9,558.. Other institutions of higher learning in the area include Chattanooga State Technical Community College, Covenant College, Lee University, the University of the South, Southern Adventist University, Tennessee Temple University and Tennessee Wesleyan College, along with local branches of Miller-Motte Technical College and Virginia College. Chattanooga is home to the Chattanooga branch of the University of Tennessee College of Medicine, which provides medical education to medical students, residents, and other medical professionals in southeast Tennessee through an affiliation with Erlanger Health System.

Public library

As the name implies, the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Bicentennial Library system has been jointly operated by the city and county governments since 1976. The city was gifted with a Carnegie library in 1904, and the two-story purpose-built marble structure survives to this day at Eighth Street and Georgia Avenue as commercial office space. In 1939, the library moved to Douglas Street and McCallie Avenue and shared the new building with the John Storrs Fletcher Library of the University of Chattanooga. This building is now called Fletcher Hall and houses classrooms and offices for the University. The city library was moved to its third and current location in 1976 at the corner of Tenth and Broad streets.

Health care

Chattanooga's health care sector has three hospital systems. Erlanger Hospital is the area's primary trauma center. Erlanger has been operated by the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Hospital Authority since 1976.

Parkridge Hospital is located east of downtown in the Glenwood District and is run by Tri-Star Healthcare. Tri-Star also operates East Ridge Medical Center in nearby East Ridge. Also located downtown is Memorial Hospital, operated by Catholic Health Initiatives). In 2004, Memorial was named one of the Top 100 teaching hospitals by Solucient Top Hospitals.

Culture and tourism

Museums

Chattanooga is the home to the Hunter Museum of American Art, a well known art museum. As birthplace of the tow truck, Chattanooga is now home to the International Towing and Recovery Hall of Fame and Museum, as well as another transportation icon at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, the largest operating historic railroad in the south. Other notable museums include the Chattanooga Regional History Museum, the National Medal of Honor Museum, the Houston Museum, and the Chattanooga African American Museum.

Arts and literature

Chattanooga's historic Tivoli Theatre is home to the Chattanooga Symphony and Opera under the direction of Robert Bernhardt. The Chattanooga Theatre Centre offers 15 productions each year in three separate theater programs: the Mainstage, the Circle Theater, and the Youth Theater. Another popular performance venue is Memorial Auditorium. Chattanooga is host to several writing conferences, including the Conference on Southern Literature the Festival of Writers, both sponsored by the Arts & Education Council of Chattanooga.

Tourist attractions

Chattanooga touts its many tourist attractions, including the Tennessee Aquarium, caverns, and heavy development along and across the Tennessee River. In the downtown area are the Chattanooga Choo Choo Holiday Inn Hotel that is a renovated train station with the largest HO model train layout in the United States, the Creative Discovery Museum (a hands-on children's museum dedicated to science, art, and music), an IMAX 3D Theatre, and the newly expanded Hunter Museum of American Art. Along the river itself is the Tennessee Riverwalk, a handicapped accessible greenway trail Not far from the downtown area is the Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park.

The red-and-black painted "See Rock City" barns along highways in the Southeast are remnants of a now classic Americana tourism campaign to attract visitors to the Rock City tourist attraction in nearby Lookout Mountain, Georgia. The mountain is also home to Ruby Falls, Craven's House and the Lookout Mountain Incline Railway, a steep funicular railway which rises from historic St. Elmo to the top of the mountain to drop passengers off at the National Park Service's Point Park and The Battles for Chattanooga Museum (formerly known as Confederama), a diorama that details the Battle of Chattanooga. From the military park, visitors can enjoy the panoramic views of Moccasin Bend and the Chattanooga skyline from the mountain's famous "point" or from vantage points along the well-designated trail system.

Near Chattanooga, the Raccoon Mountain Reservoir, Raccoon Mountain Caverns and Reflection Riding Arboretum and Botanical Garden boast a number of outdoor and family fun opportunities. Other arboretums include Bonny Oaks Arboretum, Cherokee Arboretum at Audubon Acres and Cherokee Trail Arboretum. The Ocoee River, host to a number of events from the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, features rafting, kayaking, camping and hiking. Also just outside Chattanooga is the Lake Winnepesaukah amusement park. The Cumberland Trail begins in Signal Mountain, just outside of Chattanooga.

Festivals and events

Chattanooga hosts the Riverbend Festival, an annual nine-day music festival held in June in the downtown area. One of the most popular events of the festival is the Bessie Smith Strut, a one night showcase of blues and jazz music named for the city's most noted blues singer. The annual "Southern Brewer's Festival" and the "River Roast" festival celebrate such traditional Southern staples as beer and barbecue, while new events, such as GoFest!, "Between the Bridges" wakeboard competition and Talespin seek new audiences. Nightfall is the free weekly concert series in Miller Plaza on Friday nights that continues to bring an eclectic mix of rock, blues, jazz, reggae, zydeco, funk, bluegrass, and folk to downtown Chattanooga from Memorial Day until the end of September. The Chattanooga Market features events all year round as part of the Sunday at the Southside calendar of events including an Oktoberfest in mid October. Back Row Films is a city-wide celebration of film co-sponsored by the Hunter Museum of American Art, the Arts & Education Council and UTC.

The Chattanooga Dulcimer Festival is held each June. The festival includes two and a half days of workshops for mountain dulcimer, hammered dulcimer, auto harp, and a few other instruments. The Friday and Saturday night concerts feature champion performers from across the nation. A large vending area offers visitors an opportunity to meet instrument builders and musicians. More information can be found on the website

Sports

Chattanooga is the home of NCAA Division I AA Football Championship game, held at Max Finley Stadium, south of downtown.

The Chattanooga Lookouts, a Class AA Southern League baseball team affiliated with the Los Angeles Dodgers, boast a loyal following and respectable participation in season-end playoffs. Games take center stage at the downtown AT&T Field with tickets starting at only $4.

Outdoor sports

Due to its location at the junction of the Cumberland Plateau and the southern Appalachians, Chattanooga has become a haven for outdoor sports such as hunting, fishing, trail running, road running, adventure racing, rock climbing, mountain biking and road biking. The city boasts a number of outdoor clubs: Scenic City Velo, SORBA-Chattanooga, The Wilderness Trail Running Association, and The Chattanooga Track Club. The city also funds Outdoor Chattanooga, an organization focused on promoting outdoor recreation. The city recently hired its first-ever bicycle coordinator to promote bicycling for transportation, recreation and active living.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 155,554 people, 65,499 households, and 39,626 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,150.5 people per square mile (444.2/km²). There were 72,108 housing units at an average density of 533.3/sq mi (205.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.71% White, 36.06% Black, or African American, 0.29% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 2.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The 2006 revised estimated population was 168,293 which is an 8.4% percent increase over the original 2006 estimate.

There were 65,499 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,006, and the median income for a family was $41,318. Males had a median income of $31,375 versus $23,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,689. About 14.0% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

Chattanooga's Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Hamilton, Marion, and Sequatchie counties in Tennessee and Catoosa, Dade, and Walker counties in Georgia, had an estimated population of 496,704 in 2006. The Chattanooga-Cleveland-Athens Combined Statistical Area which also includes Bradley, Polk, and McMinn Counties in Tennessee had an estimated population of 658,201 in 2006.

Geography and climate

The city is located at latitude 35°4' North, longitude 85°15' West.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 143.2 square miles (370.8 km²), of which, 135.2 square miles (350.2 km²) of it is land and 8.0 square miles (20.6 km²) of it (5.56%) is water.

The most prominent natural features in and around Chattanooga are the Tennessee River and the surrounding highlands. The city is nestled between the southwestern Ridge-and-valley Appalachians and the foot of Walden's Ridge; the river separates the ridge from the western side of downtown. Several miles east, the city is bisected by Missionary Ridge, which hosted an important battle of the American Civil War.

The Tennessee River is impounded by the TVA's Chickamauga Dam north of the downtown area. Five automobile bridges, one railroad trestle, and one pedestrian bridge cross the river.

Transport is served by Interstate 75 to Atlanta and Knoxville, Interstate 24 to Nashville, and Interstate 59 to Birmingham. Chattanooga and the surrounding area is served by Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport. Rail freight is offered by CSX to Atlanta and Nashville, and Norfolk Southern to Atlanta, Birmingham, Cincinnati, Knoxville and Memphis.

Neighborhoods of Chattanooga

In addition to the restoration of downtown, many of Chattanooga's neighborhoods have experienced a rebirth of their own. Chattanooga has many buildings on the National Register of Historic Places, including three neighborhoods: Fort Wood, Ferger Place, and St. Elmo.

  • Alton Park
  • Avondale
  • Brainerd
  • Bushtown
  • Clifton Hills
  • East Brainerd
  • East Chattanooga
  • East Lake
  • East Ridge
  • Eastdale
  • Ferger Place
  • Fort Wood
  • Glenwood

  • Highland Park
  • Jefferson Heights
  • Lookout Valley also known as Tiftonia and Wauhatchie
  • Lupton City
  • Missionary Ridge
  • North Chattanooga
  • Orchard Knob
  • Pineville
  • Riverview
  • Rossville (not to be confused with the nearby city of Rossville, Georgia)
  • St. Elmo

Important suburbs

Climate

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 78 79 87 93 99 104 109 105 102 94 84 78
Norm High °F 49 54 62 72 79 86 90 89 83 72 61 52
Norm Low °F 30 33 40 47 56 65 69 68 62 49 40 33
Rec Low °F -10 1 8 25 34 41 51 50 36 22 4 -2
Precip (in) 5.4 4.85 6.19 4.23 4.28 3.99 4.73 3.59 4.31 3.26 4.88 4.81
Source: USTravelWeather.com

Transportation

Considered to be a gateway to the Deep South, Chattanooga's transportation infrastructure has developed into a complex and intricate system of railroads, streets, airports and waterways.

Principal highways

See also List of Tennessee state highways

Major surface routes

Tunnels

  • Bachmann Tubes, which carry Ringgold Road into the neighboring city of East Ridge.
  • Missionary Ridge Tunnels (also unofficially known as McCallie Tunnels), which carry McCallie and Bailey Avenues through Missionary Ridge where the route continues as Brainerd Road.
  • Stringer's Ridge Tunnel, which carries Cherokee Boulevard through Stringer's Ridge where the route continues as Dayton Boulevard.
  • Wilcox Tunnel, which carries Wilcox Boulevard through Missionary Ridge and connects to Shallowford Road.

Public transit

The city is served by a publicly run bus company, the Chattanooga Area Regional Transportation Authority. CARTA operates 17 routes, including a free electric shuttle service in the downtown area and free wireless internet on certain "smartbuses"..

Railroad lines

Despite a new emphasis on the technology and service sectors, Chattanooga maintains ties to the past and still serves as a major freight hub with Norfolk Southern (NS) and CSX running trains on their own (and each other's) lines. The Norfolk Southern Railway's enormous DeButts Yard is just east of downtown, Shipp's Yard and CSX's Wauhatchie Yard are southwest of the city. Indeed, the two railroad companies are among the largest individual landowners in the city (the Federal Government is another). The Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, the largest historic operating railroad in the South, and the Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway also provides railroad service in Chattanooga.

Since both NS and CSX both run through Chattanooga, here are the lines that run through the town (the AAR codes are used for the following railroads: NS for Norfolk Southern, CSXT for CSX Transportation, TNVR for Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, and CCKY for Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway):

Also, the Incline Railway, as well as being a tourist attraction, is sometimes used for commuting by Lookout Mountain residents, particularly during wintry weather, when travelling up and down the mountain could be very dangerous.

Despite the relatively high level of freight rail activity, there is no passenger rail service in the city for either commuters or long-distance travelers.

Bridges

Being bisected by a major waterway, Chattanooga has several large bridges over the Tennessee River. They are, from west to east:

Air Travel

Chattanooga is served by Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport at Lovell Field. Located east of the city, Lovell Field is served by several regional and national airlines, offering non-stop service to various domestic destinations. Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport (ATL) is 125 miles southeast of Chattanooga, the Nashville International Airport (BNA) is 133 miles northwest of Chattanooga, and the Birmingham International Airport (BHM) is 145 miles southwest of the city. Certain flights to and from Chattanooga have been known to be cancelled due to a lack of passengers on a particular flight so it is important to know of other regional options.

Media and communications

The city of Chattanooga is served by numerous local, regional and national media outlets which reach approximately 1,000,000 people in four states: Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia and North Carolina.

Newspapers

The Chattanooga Times Free Press, the area's only daily newspaper, is published each morning. It was effectively formed in 1999 from two papers that had been bitter rivals for half a century. The Times was once owned by Adolph Ochs, who then also bought the New York Times. The Times had been the morning paper with a generally liberal editorial page. The News-Free Press, whose name was the result of an earlier merger, was an afternoon daily and its editorials were more conservative than those in the Times. In 1999, the Free Press was bought by an Arkansas company, WEHCO Media, publisher of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, which then bought The Times from the Ochs heirs. Though the two newspapers have merged, the new paper runs both editorial pages, a liberal page and a conservative page, the liberal page being on the left side and the conservative one on the right side, which is unique among all major newspapers in the United States.

Free alternative weekly papers in the city include The Chattanooga Pulse and The Enigma

Radio

Radio stations in Chattanooga include:

---AM---

  • WUUS 980 AM - Oldies / U 97.3/99.3 (Simulcast with WUUS-FM 97.3) (Licensed to Rossville, GA)
  • WFLI 1070 AM - Southern gospel (Licensed to Lookout Mountain, TN)
  • WGOW 1150 AM - News/talk / NewsRadio 1150
  • WNOO 1260 AM - Urban gospel and Motown
  • WDOD 1310 AM - Oldies / Ruby 1310
  • WDEF-AM 1370 AM - Sports/talk/ 1370 ESPN Radio affiliate.

---FM---

  • WUTC 88.1 FM - NPR /Mixed music / Music 88. Operated by UTC. First and only station in Chattanooga to be broadcasting in HD Radio. (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • W203AZ 88.5 FM - Religious/CSN international
  • WMBW 88.9 FM - Christian / Moody Radio For The Heart Of The Southeast. Owned and operated by Moody Bible Institute. (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • WDYN 89.7 FM - Southern Gospel / WDYN Radio Operated By Tennessee Temple University. (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • W211BG 90.1 FM - Religious (Licensed to Walden, TN)
  • WSMC 90.5 FM - Classical/NPR/PRI Operated by Southern Adventist University. (Licensed to Collegedale, TN)
  • WAWL 91.5 FM - College alternative / 91.5 The Wawl Operated by Chattanooga State Technical Community College. (licensed to Red Bank, TN)
  • WDEF-FM 92.3 FM - Adult contemporary / Sunny 92.3 (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • WMPZ 93.5 FM - Urban oldies / Groove 93 (Licensed to Harrison, TN)
  • WJTT 94.3 FM - Urban contemporary / Power 94 (Licensed to Red Bank, TN)
  • WAAK 94.7 FM - Variety (Low power station licensed to Boynton/Ringgold, GA)
  • WHJK 95.3 FM - Variety / Jack FM (Licensed to Cleveland, TN)
  • WDOD 96.5 FM - Top 40 station (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • WUUS 97.3, & 99.3 FM - Classic Hits / You 97.3/99.3 (Licensed to South Pittsburg, TN)
  • WLND 98.1 FM - Classic country / The Legend (Licensed to Signal Mountain, TN)
  • WOOP 99.9 FM, Classic country, old-time gospel, bluegrass and mountain music. Operated by the Traditional Music Resource Center, (Licensed to Cleveland, TN)
  • WUSY 100.7 FM, Contemporary country / US101 Multiple winner of the CMA station of the year (Licensed to Cleveland, TN)
  • WOCE 101.9 FM, Spanish (Licensed to Ringgold, GA)
  • WGOW 102.3 FM, News/talk (Licensed to Soddy-Daisy, TN)
  • WBDX 102.7 FM, Contemporary Christian (Licensed to Trenton, GA)
  • WLLJ 103.1 FM, Contemporary Christian (Simulcast with WBDX 102.7) (Licensed to Etowah, TN)
  • WURV 103.7 FM, (Licensed to Walden, TN)
  • WALV-FM 104.9 FM, Adult CHR (Licensed to Dayton, TN)
  • WRXR 105.5 FM, Active rock (Licensed to Rossville, GA)
  • WSKZ 106.5 FM, Classic rock
  • WOGT 107.9 FM, Contemporary country. (Licensed to East Ridge, TN)

Television

Chattanooga television stations, including:

See also List of television stations in Tennessee, List of television stations in Georgia

Notable residents

The following people were born, live, or have lived in Chattanooga:

Sister cities

Chattanooga has five sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

Chattanooga also has two twinning cities, including Ascoli Piceno, Italy and Swindon, United Kingdom

Other communities

Other places named Chattanooga include Chattanooga, Oklahoma and a community named Chattanooga in Mercer County, Ohio.

See also

References

External links

Search another word or see chattanoogaon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature