charlotte aldegonde elise marie wilhelmine

Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (Charlotte Adelgonde Elisabeth Marie Wilhelmine vu Lëtzebuerg; January 23, 1896July 9, 1985) was the second daughter of Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and his wife Marie Anne of Portugal. Her maternal grandparents were Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg.

When her older sister Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, who had succeeded their father, was forced to abdicate on January 14, 1919, Charlotte became the one who had to deal with the revolutionary tendencies in the country. Unlike her sister, she chose not to meddle with its politics.

In a referendum about the new constitution on September 28, 1919, 77.8% of the Luxembourgish people voted for the continuation of a Grand Ducal monarchy with Charlotte as head of state. In this constitution, the power of the monarch was severely restricted.

During the German occupation in World War II, Charlotte, exiled in London, became an important symbol of national unity.

After her death, she was interred in the Ducal Crypt of the Notre-Dame Cathedral in the city of Luxembourg.

Marriage and children

On November 6, 1919, she married Felix of Bourbon, Prince of Parma, her cousin on their mothers' side (both were grandchildren of king Miguel of Portugal and they had six children:

Abdication and death

On November 12, 1964, she abdicated in favour of her son, Prince Jean, who was then regent until 2000.

Charlotte died on July 9, 1985, from cancer. She was interred in the Ducal Crypt of the Notre-Dame Cathedral in the city of Luxembourg.

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