Character dance is integral to much of the classical ballet repertoire. A good example of character dance within ballet is the series of national dances which take place at the start of Act III of Swan Lake. The ballet Don Quixote also features many character variations based on flamenco, a traditional Spanish dance. Popular character dance adaptations for ballet also include the national dances of Hungary, Russia, Poland, Italy and Spain: cardas, mazurka, tarantella, flamenco, etc.
Outside of Russia, there is little training in the art of character dance. However, it is still widely taught in the United Kingdom, where it is integral to the training of students at the Royal Ballet School. It is also taught as a separate skill within the graded examinations syllabus of the Royal Academy of Dance. Most performing companies or schools elsewhere are not familiar with the history or technique of this style. Therefore, the term "Character Dance" is often used in misleading ways that have no bearing to the original definition in ballet terminology.
Folk traditions have been incorporated into what is known as ballet for centuries but it was not until Aleksandr Shirayev, Assistant to Marius Petipa, that Character Dance became a unique and codified art-form that takes its rightful place as an integral part of Classical Ballet.
Character dances are usually performed in shoes or boots, with a suede sole and a small heel. Men typically wear black character shoes and women typically wear a flesh coloured shoe with a larger, more feminine heel.