, 1871-1966, president of Nicaragua (1917-20, 1926). A conservative army chief, Chamorro supported the revolt (1909) against José Santos Zelaya. Originally at odds with the United States, he was a signer of the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty, which granted the United States an option on the Nicaragua Canal
. He seized power by coup in 1925, but fled from office after the United States ordered gunboats to the country the next year.
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