[sham-ee; Fr. sha-mwah]
chamois, hollow-horned, hoofed mammal, Rupicapra rupicapra, found in the mountains of Europe and the E Mediterranean. It is about the size of a large goat and is light brown with a black tail, a black back stripe, and black markings on its face. In winter its coat is darker. Its uniquely shaped horns are erect, with terminal hooks pointed backward. The hooves can cling to rocky surfaces because of their elasticity, and the animal is able to leap with agility. It ranges to the snow line in summer, but in winter stays in lower areas. In autumn the adult males, which live apart from the herds of females and young, return for mating. The young are born in spring. The skin was the original chamois leather, but the name is now applied also to leather made from the skins of other animals. The chamois has been introduced into New Zealand. Chamois are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.
Chamois is a city in Osage County, Missouri, United States. The population was 456 at the 2000 census. The city was founded in 1856 and is named after Chamoix in France, due to its Alpine scenery. Locally residents pronounce the city's name as 'Shamoy.'


Chamois is located at (38.675603, -91.769749).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²), of which, 0.4 square miles (0.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (5.26%) is water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 456 people, 194 households, and 112 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,268.3 people per square mile (489.1/km²). There were 230 housing units at an average density of 639.7/sq mi (246.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.81% White, 0.22% Native American, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population. Chamois also has a large population of dogs. The most well known dog is a huge white shaggy one named Harry.

There were 194 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 39.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 83.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,563, and the median income for a family was $32,813. Males had a median income of $26,719 versus $20,568 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,226. About 11.5% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.


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