See Chambers's autobiography, Witness (1952, repr. 1983); A. Cooke, A Generation on Trial (1950, 2d ed. 1952); R. Seth, The Sleeping Truth: The Hiss-Chambers Affair Reappraised (1968); A. Weinstein, Perjury: The Hiss-Chambers Case (1978); S. Tanenhaus, Whittaker Chambers (1997).
See study by J. Harris (1971).
(born April 1, 1901, Philadelphia—died July 9, 1961, near Westminster, Md., U.S.) U.S. journalist and principal figure in the Alger Hiss case. He joined the Communist Party in 1923 and worked at various times as an editor at New Masses, The Daily Worker, and Time magazine. In testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee in August 1948, he named former State Department official Alger Hiss as a fellow member of a 1930s Communist spy ring. Hiss denied the charges and sued Chambers for slander. In the trials that followed, Chambers produced material he claimed Hiss had given him to pass along to Soviet agents. His autobiography, Witness, was published in 1952.
Learn more about Chambers, (David) Whittaker with a free trial on Britannica.com.
There were 153 households out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.75.
In the village the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $24,750, and the median income for a family was $28,611. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $17,778 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,941. About 4.8% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.