Cavalier

Cavalier

[kav-uh-leer, kav-uh-leer]
Cavalier, Jean, 1681?-1740, French Protestant soldier, a leader of the Camisards. From his home in the Cévennes region of France, he fled to Geneva (1701) when persecution of the Protestants became intolerable, but he returned when he knew that the Protestants were about to rebel. As chief leader of the Camisards, he showed remarkable military genius. In 1704 he made peace with Marshal Villars and received from King Louis XIV a commission as colonel and a pension. The peace was repudiated by his followers because it did not restore the Edict of Nantes (see Nantes, Edict of). Distrustful of the king, Cavalier fled from France. He fought for the duke of Savoy and later for England in Spain against the French. His later years were spent in Great Britain, where he was given a pension, made major general, and appointed governor of the isle of Jersey. The Memoirs of the Wars of the Cévennes, published in 1726 and dedicated to Lord Carteret, is attributed to Cavalier.

See biography by A. P. Grubb (1931).

cavalier, in general, an armed horseman. In the English civil war the supporters of Charles I were called Cavaliers in contradistinction to the Roundheads, the followers of Parliament. The royalists used the designation until it was replaced by Tory.

Group of English gentlemen poets who were Cavaliers (supporters of Charles I during the English Civil Wars). The term embraces Sir John Suckling, Edmund Waller, Robert Herrick, Thomas Carew (1594?–1640?), and Richard Lovelace (1618–57). Accomplished as soldiers, courtiers, gallants, and wits, they wrote polished and elegant lyrics, typically on love and dalliance and sometimes on war, honour, and duty to the king.

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In the English Civil Wars, the name adopted by Charles I's supporters, who contemptuously called their opponents Roundheads (a reference to the short-haired apprentices who had formed part of an anti-Cavalier mob). The term (similar to the French chevalier) originally meant a rider or cavalryman. At the Restoration, the court party preserved the name Cavalier, which survived until the rise of the term Tory. Seealso Cavalier poet.

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Cavalier is a city in Pembina County, North Dakota in the United States. It is the county seat of Pembina County. The population was 1,537 at the 2000 census. Cavalier was founded in 1877 and became the county seat in 1911.

Although they bear the same name, Cavalier is not located in nearby Cavalier County. The Tongue River flows past Cavalier and Cavalier Air Force Station is located near the city.

Geography

Cavalier is located at (48.795416, -97.623259).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,537 people, 679 households, and 399 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,938.1 people per square mile (751.2/km²). There were 750 housing units at an average density of 945.7/sq mi (366.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.27% White, 0.46% African American, 1.04% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 2.08% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.29% of the population.

There were 679 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.1% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 24.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,667, and the median income for a family was $48,450. Males had a median income of $30,313 versus $21,548 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,586. About 7.8% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Based on data from the 2000 Census, 6.8% of Cavalier's population is of Icelandic ancestry, making Cavalier the city with the highest proportion of Icelandic residents in the United States.

Education

The city of Cavalier is served by Cavalier Public School (K-12). The school's athletic teams are known as the Tornadoes.

High school championships

From 2002 to 2005, the Cavalier Tornadoes football team, led by coach Rod Oksendahl (1978-2005), had a 47-game winning streak, the second longest winning streak in North Dakota high school football history. The streak ended when the Tornadoes lost to the Velva-Sawyer Aggies in the state championship game.

Sites of interest

Notes

External links

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