Castle towns are common in Medieval Europe, where towns would form around ancient Roman fortresses. A good example is London, which sprang up around ancient Londinium and Paris, which arose from Lutetia, but the model is better preserved in small towns like Alnwick and Arundel, which are still dominated by their castles.
In Western Europe, and England particularly, it is common for cities and towns that were not castle towns to instead have been organized around cathedrals.
Castle Town Fears Bus and Train Cuts Will Hit Tourism; Services to Be Axed despite More Leisure Visitors Choosing to Leave Cars at Home
Jul 29, 2008; Byline: Rhodri Clark TOURISM in one of Wales' most popular historic towns could be threatened by a series of public transport...