Casilinum

Casilinum

Casilinum, ancient town, Campania, S Italy, 18 mi (29 km) N of present-day Naples. It probably was founded (c.600 B.C.) by the Etruscans. It was captured (215 B.C.) from Carthage by the Romans and served as a base of operations against Capua. Under the Romans it was an important military station controlling the bridge of the Appian Way over the Volturno River. It seems to have been united with Capua by the middle of the 1st cent. A.D. It was destroyed by the Saracens in the 9th cent. A.D.
Casilinum (modern Capua), an ancient city of Campania, Italy, 3 m. NW of the ancient Capua. Its position at the point of junction of the Via Appia and Via Latina, and at their crossing of the river Volturnus by a three-arched bridge, which still exists, gave it considerable importance under the Roman republic; and while the original pre-Roman town, which was doubtless dependent on the neighboring Capua, stood entirely on the left (south) bank, surrounded on three sides by the river, the Roman city extended to the right bank also; remains of it have been found at some 25 ft. below the modern ground-level, the river-bed having risen considerably. In the Second Punic War it was occupied by Fabius Cunctator in 217 BC, taken by Hannibal after a gallant defence by troops from Praeneste and Perusia in the winter of 216-215, but recaptured in the following year, serving the Romans as their base of operations against Capua. It lost its independence and became a praefectura. Caesar conducted a colony there in 59 BC, which was renewed by Mark Antony in 44 BC. The veterans took Octavian's side after Caesar's death, but it seems to have been united with Capua before the time of Vespasian, and it does not occur in the list of independent communities given by Pliny, who indeed (Hist. Nat. iii.70) speaks of the morientis Casilini reliquiae, and only its position at the junction of the roads redeemed it from utter insignificance.

Search another word or see casilinumon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;