Carmona is a town of south-western Spain, in the province of Seville; 43 km (27 mi.) N.E. of Seville by car. There are no rail connections. Pop. (1900) 17,215. Carmona is built on a ridge overlooking the central plain of Andalusia, from the Sierra Morena, on the north, to the peak of San Cristobal, on the south. It has a thriving trade in wine, olive oil, grain and cattle; and the annual fair, which is held in April, affords good opportunity of observing the costumes and customs of southern Spain. The citadel of Carmona, now in ruins, was formerly the principal fortress of Pedro of Castile (r. 1350–1369), and contained a spacious palace within its defences, and is now a luxurious Parador. The principal entrance to the town is an old Moorish gateway; and the gate on the road to Cordova is partly of Roman construction. Portions of the ancient college of San Teodomir are of Moorish architecture, and the tower of the church of San Pedro is an imitation of the Giralda at Seville.
In 1881 a large Roman necropolis was discovered close to the town, beside the Seville road. It contains many rock-hewn sepulchral chambers, with niches for the cinerary urns, and occasionally with vestibules containing stone seats (triclinia). In 1881 an amphitheatre, and another group of tombs, all belonging to the first four centuries A.D., were disinterred near the original necropolis, and a small museum, maintained by the Carmona archaeological society, is filled with the mosaics, inscriptions, portrait-heads and other antiquities found here.
Carmona, the Roman Carmo, was the strongest city of Further Spain in the time of Julius Caesar (100–44 B.C.), and its strength was greatly increased by the Moors, who surrounded it with a wall and ornamented it with fountains and palaces. In 1247 Ferdinand III. of Castile took the city, and bestowed on it the motto Sicut Lucifer lucet in Aurora, sic in Wandalia Carmona ("As the Morning-star shines in the Dawn, so shines Carmona in Andalusia").
For an account of the antiquities of Carmona, see Estudios arqueologicos e historicos, by M. Sales y Ferré (Madrid, 1887).
|Changing demographics Carmona|
Palace of king Don Pedro
House-Palace of Rueda
House-Palace Marquess of Torres
Convent of the Conception
Convent of the Trinidad
Hermitage of San Mateo
Hermitage of our Lady of Real or San Antón
The Church of San Pedro
Church of Santa Maria of Asuncio'n
Church of El Salvador
Church of the Convent of Santa Ana
Door of Cordova
Door of Seville
Rest of Via Augusta
Carmona offers restaurants and bars where you can taste great variety of tapas and dishes. Very balanced and inheritors of the traditional Andalusian cooking. There is a route by the various bars that have obtained special mention as members in the path of the tapas and are marked with a blue and white tile which appears in the logo of the city and the legend of "Ruta de las tapas" .
'Typical dishes:' oils, soup soup picadillo, pringá, chickpeas snails Crumb salmorejo spinach chickpeas, cooked rural tagarninas, handyman pork perdíz to the cortijera, gazpacho, spinach chickpeas soup "peas", stalks, tomato soup potatoes in yellow cod studs eggs cuajados ...
'Sweets:' cake English, hojaldres, rolls milk, rice with milk, torrija, polvorones home, almond cakes, drunks, chestnut stew with cinnamon, [[porridge] ] sprinkled with cinnamon and cortadillos. Also noteworthy are a variety of sweets craftsmen in the convents of the city, mainly from the nuns of Santa Clara: cake sa blind, puffs, rolls, rolls of oil, palms cakes oil, old cake, pastries, and so on.
'Drinks:' anise Los Hermanos, distilled and packaged in this town and only three flavors: crisp, sweet and semi.