Carmona, António Oscar de Fragoso, 1869-1951, Portuguese general. One of the leaders of the military coup that overthrew the democratic regime in 1926, Carmona served (1926-28) as head of the provisional government. Elected president in 1928, Carmona won (1935, 1942, 1949) each successive election, but real power in the new dictatorial regime that was gradually established was held after 1928 by António de Oliveira Salazar.
Carmona, town (1990 pop. 24,515), Sevilla prov., SW Spain, in Andalusia. It is a farm center for an area raising cattle, cereals, fruits, and olives. Ferdinand III of Castile took Carmona from the Moors in 1247 after a year-long siege. It has numerous examples of Gothic, Moorish, and baroque architecture, including the imposing ruins of an alcazar. A large Roman necropolis was discovered nearby in 1881.

Carmona is a town of south-western Spain, in the province of Seville; 43 km (27 mi.) N.E. of Seville by car. There are no rail connections. Pop. (1900) 17,215. Carmona is built on a ridge overlooking the central plain of Andalusia, from the Sierra Morena, on the north, to the peak of San Cristobal, on the south. It has a thriving trade in wine, olive oil, grain and cattle; and the annual fair, which is held in April, affords good opportunity of observing the costumes and customs of southern Spain. The citadel of Carmona, now in ruins, was formerly the principal fortress of Pedro of Castile (r. 1350–1369), and contained a spacious palace within its defences, and is now a luxurious Parador. The principal entrance to the town is an old Moorish gateway; and the gate on the road to Cordova is partly of Roman construction. Portions of the ancient college of San Teodomir are of Moorish architecture, and the tower of the church of San Pedro is an imitation of the Giralda at Seville.

In 1881 a large Roman necropolis was discovered close to the town, beside the Seville road. It contains many rock-hewn sepulchral chambers, with niches for the cinerary urns, and occasionally with vestibules containing stone seats (triclinia). In 1881 an amphitheatre, and another group of tombs, all belonging to the first four centuries A.D., were disinterred near the original necropolis, and a small museum, maintained by the Carmona archaeological society, is filled with the mosaics, inscriptions, portrait-heads and other antiquities found here.

Carmona, the Roman Carmo, was the strongest city of Further Spain in the time of Julius Caesar (10044 B.C.), and its strength was greatly increased by the Moors, who surrounded it with a wall and ornamented it with fountains and palaces. In 1247 Ferdinand III. of Castile took the city, and bestowed on it the motto Sicut Lucifer lucet in Aurora, sic in Wandalia Carmona ("As the Morning-star shines in the Dawn, so shines Carmona in Andalusia").

For an account of the antiquities of Carmona, see Estudios arqueologicos e historicos, by M. Sales y Ferré (Madrid, 1887).


Carmona has a Mediterranean climate with a sunny spring with some precipitation. . In October average temperatures ranging between a minimum of 13 °C and a maximum of 26 °C giving some precipitation, followed a pleasant winter temperatures.


Recent developments

Changing demographics Carmona
1996 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
25.226 25.326 25.403 25.723 25.793 25.932 26.297 26.558 26.926 27.221

Declared monuments

Palace of king Don Pedro

House-Palace of Rueda

House-Palace Marquess of Torres

Convent of the Conception

Convent of the Trinidad

Hermitage of San Mateo

Hermitage of our Lady of Real or San Antón

The Church of San Pedro

Church of Santa Maria of Asuncio'n

Church of El Salvador

Church of the Convent of Santa Ana

Bridge Roman

Door of Cordova

Door of Seville

Rest of Via Augusta

Not declared monuments

  • Tree-lined avenue of Alfonso XIII
  • Palace door of Seville
  • Roman Amphitheatre
  • City council
  • House Palace of Don Alonso Bernal Escamilla
  • House-palace of the Aguilar House-palace of the Domínguez
  • House-palace of the Lasso
  • Convent of las delcalzas
  • Convent of Santa Clara
  • Cave of the Batida
  • Our Mrs. of Gracia
  • Source (architecture) |Fontain]] of the lions and tree-lined avenue of Alfonso XIII
  • Hospital of the Mercy and the Charity Church of San Bartholomew
  • Church of San Blas
  • Church of San Felipe
  • Church of Santiago
  • Roman Necrópolis
  • Tower of the Peak
  • Tumba of the elephant Tomb of Servilia
  • Seat of supplies or market
  • Theater Cerezo


Carmona offers restaurants and bars where you can taste great variety of tapas and dishes. Very balanced and inheritors of the traditional Andalusian cooking. There is a route by the various bars that have obtained special mention as members in the path of the tapas and are marked with a blue and white tile which appears in the logo of the city and the legend of "Ruta de las tapas" .

'Typical dishes:' oils, soup soup picadillo, pringá, chickpeas snails Crumb salmorejo spinach chickpeas, cooked rural tagarninas, handyman pork perdíz to the cortijera, gazpacho, spinach chickpeas soup "peas", stalks, tomato soup potatoes in yellow cod studs eggs cuajados ...

'Sweets:' cake English, hojaldres, rolls milk, rice with milk, torrija, polvorones home, almond cakes, drunks, chestnut stew with cinnamon, [[porridge] ] sprinkled with cinnamon and cortadillos. Also noteworthy are a variety of sweets craftsmen in the convents of the city, mainly from the nuns of Santa Clara: cake sa blind, puffs, rolls, rolls of oil, palms cakes oil, old cake, pastries, and so on.

'Drinks:' anise Los Hermanos, distilled and packaged in this town and only three flavors: crisp, sweet and semi.


Given the rich historical-artistic patrimony that has Carmona, they are numerous the filmed films Integra or partially in this locality, in particular more than 50. The Location Manager Guild of America, association that groups to the most excellent localizers of scenes for the running of cinema productions and television of the U.S.A., in its vistita to Spain, has shown special interest by the center of this city, that continues attracting the interest of the audio-visual product people in charge that have turned to Carmona the enclave of Andalusia in which more films, announcements, etc., have been rolled. Some products filmed in Carmona are:

See also

The Roman Bética Route

External links


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