Carl O. Nordling
(1919 – February 15, 2007) was a Finnish
, urban planner
and amateur historian
. He graduated as an architect from the Helsinki University of Technology
in 1939 and immigrated to Sweden
after the end of the Continuation War
As statistician, he applied statistical methods to a number of scientific problems and published a large number of articles, mainly in his native Swedish. His most notable work is in scientific disciplines outside his professional expertise. Internationally he is best known for the small number of papers he published in English language peer reviewed scientific journals.
In 1953, in a paper published in the British Journal of Cancer, he first proposed the multi-mutation theory on cancer, today generally known as Knudson hypothesis after Alfred G. Knudson's work from 1971.
His statistical analysis on the Holocaust, How Many Jews Died in the German Concentration Camps?, has been used by historical revisionists and Holocaust deniers.
In his later years he wrote mainly about issues in Nordic and Germanic history, contributing among other to the debate on Shakespeare's identity
- Gåtorna kring Birger jarl, Ösel och Borgå: Omvärdering av historiska teorier rörande svensk östpolitik och finsk och estnisk kolonisation under tidig medeltid Faktainformation (1976) ISBN 978-9185494002
- Den svenske Runeberg Ekenäs tryckeri aktiebolags förlag (1988) ISBN 978-9519001203
- A New Theory on the Cancer-inducing Mechanism, The British Journal of Cancer, 1953, Vol. VII, p. 68-72.
- The Jewish Establishment Under Nazi Threat and Domination 1938-1945 - ''The Journal of Historical Review, volume 10 no. 2 (Summer 1990), p. 195.
- How Many Jews Died in the German Concentration Camps? - The Journal of Historical Review, volume 11 no. 3 (Fall 1991), p. 335.
- The Location of the "Birca" - The Missionary Station of Bishop Ansgar - in the Scandinavian Journal of History, Volume 23 Number 1/2 1998
- The Death of Karl XII.(18th-century Swedish king) - in Scandinavian Studies, Volume 71 Number 1; Spring 1999
- Was There a Finnish Settlement in Uusimaa before the Swedish One? at Linguistica Uralica (2/2004)
- Did Stalin deliver his alleged speech of 19 August 1939?, in Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 19:93-106, 2006.