Carl Bosch

Carl Bosch

[bosh; Ger., Sp. bawsh; Du. baws]
Bosch, Carl, 1874-1940, German chemist and engineer, Ph.D. Univ. of Leipzig, 1898. In 1899, Bosch began working as a chemist for BASF, which merged with six other German chemical firms to become I. G. Farben in 1925. He remained with the company until his death in 1940. Bosch was awarded the 1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Friedrich Bergius in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods. Bosch is credited with collaborating in the development of the Haber-Bosch process for high-pressure synthesis of ammonia, which is used to produce fertilizers and explosives. He also developed a method for making gasoline from coal dust and hydrogen.

Carl Bosch (August 27, 1874April 26, 1940) was a German chemist and engineer who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.


Bosch was born in Cologne on August 27, 1874. He studied at the Technical College of Charlottenburg (today the Technical University of Berlin) and the University of Leipzig from 1892-1898. In 1899 he started to work at BASF. From 1908 until 1913 developed the Haber-Bosch process together with Fritz Haber. After World War I he was working on petrol and methanol synthesis via high pressure chemistry. In 1925 Bosch was one of the founders of IG Farben and from 1935 chairman of the board of directors. He received the Siemens-Ring in 1924 for his own contributions to applied research and his patronate support to basic research. In 1931 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Friedrich Bergius for the introduction of high pressure chemistry. He died in Heidelberg.

He was also an amateur astronomer and the asteroid 7414 Bosch was named in his honour .

Carl Bosch collected meteorites which were brought to Yale University in 1949.


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