cardiovascular system

cardiovascular system

cardiovascular system: see circulatory system.

System of vessels that convey blood to and from tissues throughout the body, bringing nutrients and oxygen and removing wastes and carbon dioxide. It is essentially a long, closed tube through which blood moves in a double circuit—one through the lungs (pulmonary circulation) and one through the rest of the body (systemic circulation). The heart pumps blood through the arteries, which branch into smaller arterioles, which feed into microscopic capillaries (see artery; capillary). These converge to form small venules, which join to become larger veins, generally following the same path as the arteries back to the heart. Cardiovascular diseases include atherosclerosis, congenital and rheumatic heart disease, and vascular inflammation.

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The Cardiovascular System Dynamics Society (CSDS), founded in 1976, by organ system physiologist and biomedical engineers, was a historic first in its mathematical and quantitative approach to cardiovascular mechanics.


Currently the society includes investigators in muscle and vascular biology, subcellular and sarcomere dynamics, the microcirculation, cardiovascular biology, clinical disease, and modeling. The primary theme remains cardiovascular function, its physiologic and molecular mechanisms, with an aim to understand how these features integrate to achieve overall performance. An important component of the overall approach remains inclusion of mathematical predictive and causal models for the micro to the macro level.


Biannual conferences rotate between Europe, North America and Japan. The 2010 conference will be held in Fukuoka, Japan, from July 11 to 14th at the Centennial Hall at Kyushu University School of Medicine.


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