Capuana, Luigi, 1839-1915, Italian critic and novelist. His activities included teaching, scientific study, and politics. He wrote in almost every genre, but his reputation rests upon his naturalistic novels and criticism. Among his best works are the short stories in Paesane [peasant women] (1894), the novel Il marchese di Roccaverdina (1901), and his Studi della letteratura contemporanea (1879-82). His stories for children include Nimble Legs (1903, tr. 1927) and Once upon a Time (1882, tr. 1892).
The Tabula Capuana ("Tegola di Capua" Etruscophiles like to call it), now conserved in Berlin, represents the second most extensive surviving Etruscan text, after the linen book the (Liber Linteus) used in Egypt for mummy wrappings, now at Zagreb. (The third longest Etruscan inscription now being the cast bronze inscription found at Cortona in 1992, the Tabula Cortonensis).

The Tabula Capuana ("Tablet from Capua") is a terracotta slab, 60 by 50 centimeters, with a long inscribed text, apparently a ritual calendar, of which about 390 words are legible.

Horizontal scribed lines divide the text in ten sections. The writing is most similar to that used in Campania in the mid 5th century BC, though surely the text being transcribed is much older. It is an archaic ten-month year beginning in March (Etruscan Velxitna). The only Etruscan name for a month that has survived to us is April (Apiras(a)).

Attempts at deciphering the text (Mauro Cristofani, 1995) are most generally based on the supposition that it prescribes certain rites on certain days of the year at certain places for certain deities. The text itself was edited by Francesco Roncalli, in Scrivere etrusco 1985.

The tablet was uncovered in 1898 in the burial ground of Santa Maria di Capua Vetere.

External links


  • M. Cristofani, Tabula Capuana: un calendario festivo di età arcaica Florence, 1995

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