Canton

Canton

[kan-tn, -ton, kan-ton for 1–7; kan-ton, -tohn, or, especially Brit., -toon for 8]
Canton, John, 1718-72, English physicist. He is known for his research in magnetism and in electricity, especially his experiments in electrostatic induction. Canton was the first in England to verify Benjamin Franklin's conclusions about lightning. He invented an electroscope and an electrometer and demonstrated the compressibility of water.
Canton: see Guangzhou, China.
Canton. 1 City (1990 pop. 13,922), Fulton co., W central Ill., in the corn belt; inc. 1849. It is a trade and industrial center for a coal and farm area. 2 Town (1990 pop. 18,530), Norfolk co., E Mass., a suburb of Boston; settled 1630, inc. 1797. Rubber goods, textiles, plastics, and paper and electronics products are manufactured, and there is a state hospital for the handicapped. Paul Revere operated a copper-rolling mill here. 3 City (1990 pop. 84,161), seat of Stark co., NE Ohio, on Nimishillen Creek; inc. 1822. In an iron- and steel-producing area, it makes roller bearings, automated teller machines, office equipment, water softeners, and vaults. In the city are Malone Univ. and the Professional Football Hall of Fame. Walsh Univ. is in suburban North Canton, which manufactures vacuum cleaners. The McKinley State Memorial contains the grave of William McKinley.
Canton, river, China: see Pearl.

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People's Republic of China

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