Camden

Camden

[kam-duhn]
Camden, Charles Pratt, 1st Earl: see Pratt, Charles, 1st Earl Camden.
Camden, John Jeffreys Pratt, 2d Earl and 1st Marquess: see under Pratt, Charles, 1st Earl Camden.
Camden, William, 1551-1623, English scholar, chief historian and antiquary of Elizabethan times. His two chief works are Britannia (1586) and Annales rerum Anglicarum et Hibernicarum regnante Elizabetha [annals of affairs in England and Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth]. He was a conscientious scholar in editing old manuscripts and in collecting materials of antiquarian interest. He was also a teacher (1575-97) and headmaster (1593-97) at Westminster School and helped to revive the study of Anglo-Saxon. He wrote a Greek grammar long popular in English secondary schools and aided Sir Robert Cotton in collecting materials.
Camden, inner borough (1991 pop. 170,500) of Greater London, SE England. Within the borough, residential Hampstead is popular with writers and artists. John Keats, John Constable, George Du Maurier, Kate Greenaway, and Karl Marx lived there. It is also known as a piano-making center. Highgate Cemetery in Hampstead contains the graves of George Eliot, Michael Faraday, Herbert Spencer, Christina Rossetti, and Marx. Within Holborn is part of Bloomsbury, another artists and writers area. Holborn also houses the British Museum, the Univ. of London, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn (see Inns of Court), law courts, the Royal College of Surgeons, and Hatton Garden, known for its trade in diamonds, gold, and silver. Benjamin Disraeli was born in Holborn, which is also the site of the Post Office Tower, one of London's tallest buildings. St. Pancras has three famous railroad stations: Euston, King's Cross, and St. Pancras.
Camden, city (1990 pop. 87,492), seat of Camden co., W N.J., a port on the Delaware River opposite Philadelphia, settled 1681, inc. 1828. The opening of the Camden and Amboy RR to New York in 1834 spurred the city's growth as a commercial, shipbuilding, and manufacturing center. In 1858, Richard Esterbrook opened a steel-pen factory. The Campbell canned-foods company began here in 1869, and electronics, steel, oil, and chemicals were important in the 20th cent. By the 1960s, however, weakened industries were closing or departing, and Camden was gradually left with pollution, high unemployment, and urban decay, leading to widespread poverty and crime; government corruption was also a problem in the late 20th cent. Walt Whitman's home, the New Jersey State Aquarium (1992), and the battleship New Jersey draw visitors. The Walt Whitman (1957) and Benjamin Franklin (1926) bridges connect Camden and Philadelphia. The city has a branch of Rutgers Univ.
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