French overseas territory (pop., 2005 est.: 237,000), southwestern South Pacific Ocean. It consists of the islands of New Caledonia and Walpole, the Isle of Pines, and several other island groups. Its capital is Nouméa. The main island, New Caledonia, has rich deposits of nickel that are among the largest in the world. Archaeological excavations indicate an Austronesian presence in the area circa 2000–1000 BC. The islands were visited by Capt. James Cook in 1774 and by various navigators and traders in the 18th–19th century. They were occupied by France in 1853 and were a penal colony from 1864 to 1897. New Caledonians joined the Free French cause of Charles de Gaulle in 1940; the islands were the site of Allied bases during the Pacific war. They became a French overseas territory in 1946. In 1987 residents voted by referendum to remain part of France.
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There were 71 households out of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the village the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $51,250, and the median income for a family was $52,500. Males had a median income of $40,417 versus $28,571 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,134. None of the families and 2.3% of the population were living below the poverty line.