Definitions

cadest

List of colonial heads of French Sénégal

Tenure Incumbent Notes
French rule of Saint-Louis, Senegal and Gorée Island by Chartered Companies
Expanding to small posts along West African Coast as Far as Gabon until 1850s
Governors of the Compagnie du Normande
1626 to 1658    
1626 - 1631 Jacques Fumechon  
1631 - 1641 Thomas Lambert  
1641 - 1648 Jean Caullier  
1649 - 1650 de Soussy  
1651 - 1658 Mésineau  
Governors of the Compagnie du Cap Vert et du Sénégal
1658 to 1664    
1658 - 1661 Raguenet  
1661 - 28 May 1664 de Boulay  
Governors of the Compagnie des Indes Occidentales
1664 to 1672    
28 May 1664 - 1668 Jacquet  
1668 - 9 Apr 1672 de Richemont  
Governor of the Compagnie du Sénégal
1672 to 1673    
1672 - 1673 Richemont (acting)
Director of the Compagnie du Sénégal
1674 to 1682    
1674 - 1682 Jacques Fuméchon
Director of the Compagnie d'Afrique
1682 to 1684    
1682 - 12 Sep 1684 Denis Basset
Directors of the Compagnie de Guinée
1684 to 1696    
12 Sep 1684 - 1689 Louis Moreau de Chambonneau (1st time)
1689 - 1690 Michel Jajolet de La Courbé
1690 - Jan 1693 Louis Moreau de Chambonneau (2nd time)
Jan 1693 - Jul 1693 n/a Vacant
Jul 1693 - Mar 1696 Jean Bourguignon (2nd time)
Directors of the Compagnie du Sénégal
1696 to 1709    
Mar 1696 - 4 Apr 1697 Jean Bourguignon (acting)
4 Apr 1697 - 1 May 1702 André Brué (b. 1654 - d. 1738)
1702 - 1706 Joseph Lemaitre (b. 1654 - d. 1738)
1706 - 1709 Michel Jajolet de La Courbé (b. 1654 - d. 1738)
Directors of the Compagnie de Rouen
1710 to 1718    
1710 - 15 Aug 1711 Guillaume Joseph Mustellier (d. 1711)
1712 - 2 May 1713 Pierre de Richebourg
20 Apr 1714 - 15 Dec 1718 André Brué
Directors of the Compagnie des Indes Orientales
1718 to 1758    
15 Dec 1718 - May 1720 André Brué
May 1720 - Apr 1723 Nicolas Desprès de Saint-Robert (d. 1725/26)(1st time)
1723 - 1725 Julien du Bellay
1725 Nicolas Desprès de Saint-Robert (2nd time)
1725 - 1726 Arnaud Plumet
1726 - 1733 Jean Levens de la Rouquette
1733 - 7 Mar 1733 Lejuge (d. 1733)
1733 - 1738 Sebastian Devaulx (acting to 1736)
1738 - 1746 Pierre Félix Barthélemy David (b. 1711 - d. 1795)
1746 - 30 Apr 1758 Jean-Baptiste Estoupan de la Rué
British Seizure of Senegalese Possessions Ruled From Gorée Island and The Gambia.
British Governors
1758 to 1779    
30 Apr 1758 - 10 Feb 1763 Richard Alchorne Worge
10 Feb 1763 - 25 May 1765 John Barnes
25 May 1765 - Nov 1775 Charles O'Hara
25 May 1765 - Apr 1766 Joseph Debat (Gambia Superintendent of Trade)
Nov 1775 - 8 Apr 1777 Matthias MacNamara
8 Apr 1777 - 18 Aug 1778 John Clarke
18 Aug 1778 - 11 Feb 1779 William Lacy (did not assume office)
18 Aug 1778 - 11 Feb 1779 George Fall (acting)
British Lieutenant Governors
1776 to 1779    
Apr 1776 - 24 Jan 1774 Joseph Debat
24 Jan 1774 - Aug 1775 William Myres
Aug 1774 - Nov 1775 Matthias MacNamara
Nov 1775 - Dec 1775 Thomas Sharpless (acting)
Dec 1775 - 8 Aug 1776 Joseph Wall (b. 1737 - d. 1802)
8 Aug 1776 - 1776 George Fall (acting) (1st time)
1776 - 18 Aug 1778 William Lacy (acting)
18 Aug 1778 - 11 Feb 1779 George Fall (acting) (2nd time)
French Reclaiming of Senegalese Possessions Ruled From Saint-Louis, Senegal and Gorée Island.
Royal government, then French First Republic, then French First Empire. From 1789 under Ministry of the Navy, controlling all posts to Gabon.
French Governors
1779 to 1809    
11 Feb 1779 - Mar 1779 Armand Louis de Gontaut duc de Lauzun (b. 1747 - d. 1793)
Mar 1779 - 7 Mar 1781 Jacques Joseph Eyries
7 Mar 1781 - Jul 1782 J.B. Bertrand (acting)
Jul 1782 - Feb 1784 Anne Gaston Dumontet
Feb 1784 - Feb 1786 Louis Legardeur sieur de Repentigny (b. 1721 - d. 1786)
Feb 1786 - Dec 1787 Stanislas Jean Boufflers chevalier de Boufflers (b. 1738 - d. 1815)
Dec 1787 - Jan 1801 François Blanchot de Verly (b. 17.. - d. 1807)(1st time)
Jan 1801 - 2 Jul 1802 Charbonnes (acting)
2 Jul 1802 - 27 Oct 1802 Louis Henri Pierre Lasserre
27 Oct 1802 - 12 Sep 1807 François Blanchot de Verly (2nd time)
Sep 1807 - 13 Jul 1809 Pierre Levasseur
British Seizure of Senegalese Possessions Ruled From Gorée Island and The Gambia.
British Governors
1809 to 1817    
13 Jul 1809 - 1811 Charles William Maxwell (d. 1848)
1811 - 1814 Charles MacCarthy (b. 1764 - d. 1824)
1814 - 25 Jan 1817 Thomas Brereton
French Reclaim Senegalese Possessions Ruled From Saint-Louis, Senegal and Gorée Island.
Royal government restored by British. Under Ministry of the Navy, controlling all posts to Gabon until 1850s.
French Commandants
1817 to 1828    
25 Jan 1817 - Dec 1817 Julien Schmaltz (1st time)
Dec 1817 - 13 Mar 1819 Fleuriau (acting)
13 Mar 1819 - 14 Aug 1820 Julien Schmaltz (2nd time)
14 Aug 1820 - 1 Mar 1821 Louis Lecoupe de Montereau, baron Lecoupe (acting)
1 Mar 1821 - 18 May 1827 Jacques François, baron Roger (b. 1787 )
18 May 1827 - 7 Jan 1828 Gerbidon (acting)
French Governors
7 Jan 1828 - 11 May 1829 Jean-Guillaume Jubelin (b. 1787 )
11 May 1829 - 24 May 1831 Pierre de Brou
24 May 1831 - 18 Oct 1833 Thomas Renault de Saint-Germain (d. 1833)
18 Oct 1833 - 13 Nov 1833 Cadest (acting)
13 Nov 1833 - 10 May 1834 Germain Quernel
10 May 1834 - 1 Jul 1836 Louis Pujol
1 Jul 1836 - Dec 1836 Louis Malavoix
Dec 1836 - 13 Sep 1837 Louis Guillet (acting)
13 Sep 1837 - 12 Apr 1839 Julien Soret
1839-1854: Posts from Gambia south under command of Naval Division of the Western Coasts of Africa. See Colonial heads of Gabon
12 Apr 1839 - 19 May 1841 Guillaume Charmasson de Puylaval (b. 1780 )
19 May 1841 - 7 May 1842 Jean-Baptiste Montagniés de la Roque (b. 1761
1842-1860: For subdivision Colony of Gorée and Dependencies see Colonial heads of Côte d'Ivoire
7 May 1842 - 5 Feb 1843 Édouard Pageot Desnoutières
5 Feb 1843 - 24 May 1844 Louis Édouard Bouët-Willaumez (b. 1808 - d. 1871)
24 May 1844 - Jul 1844 Laborel (acting)
Jul 1844 - 11 Dec 1845 Pierre Thomas (acting)
11 Dec 1845 - 20 Mar 1846 François Ollivier (d. 1846)
20 Mar 1846 - 30 Aug 1846 Hoube (acting)
30 Aug 1846 - 24 Aug 1847 Ernest Bourdon, comte de Gramont (b. 1805 - d. 1847)
24 Aug 1847 - 7 Sep 1847 Caille (acting)(d. 1847)
7 Sep 1847 - Nov 1847 Léandre Bertin du Château (acting) (b. 1804 - d. 1884)
Nov 1847 - Aug 1850 Auguste Baudin (b. 1800 - d. 1877)
Aug 1850 - 11 Oct 1850 Aumont (acting)
11 Oct 1850 - 16 Dec 1854 Auguste Léopold Protet (1st time) (b. 1808 - d. 1862)
May 1853 - 30 Jan 1854 André César Vérand (acting for Protet)
31 Jan 1854 - 16 Dec 1854 Auguste Léopold Protet (2nd time)
1854: all other West African possessions fall under subdivision of Senegal: Colony of Gorée and Dependencies.
16 Dec 1854 - 1 Jun 1861 Louis Léon César Faidherbe (b. 1818 - d. 1889)
4 Sep 1858 - 12 Feb 1859 A. Robin (acting for Faidherbe)
4 October 1860: Ivory Coast territory moved to the Ivory Coast-Gabon colony see Colonial heads of Côte d'Ivoire
1 Jun 1861 - 1 Dec 1861 Léopold François Stephan (acting) (b. 1815)
1 Dec 1861 - 13 May 1863 Jean Bernard Jauréguiberry (b. 1815 - d. 1887)
13 May 1863 - 14 Jul 1863 Émile Pinet-Laprade (1st time)(b. 1822 - d. 1869)(acting)
14 Jul 1863 - 1 May 1865 Louis Léon César Faidherbe (2nd time)
1 May 1865 - 17 Aug 1869 Émile Pinet-Laprade (2nd time) (acting to 12 Jul 1865)
18 Aug 1869 - 17 Oct 1869 Ferdinand Charles Alexandre Tredos (b. 1820 )(acting)
17 Oct 1869 - 18 Jun 1876 François-Xavier Michel Valière (b. 1826 - d. 1886)
18 Jun 1876 - Apr 1880 Louis Briere de l'Isle (b. 1827 - d. 1896)
27 February 1880: Haut-Sénégal military region created as sub division. See Colonial heads of Mali
Apr 1880 - 4 Aug 1881 Louis Ferdinand de Lanneau (b. 1822 )
4 Aug 1881 - Oct 1881 Marie Auguste Deville de Perière (b. 1825 ) (acting)
Oct 1881 - 28 Jun 1882 Henri Philibert Canard (b. 1824 - d. 1894)
1882: Costal sections of Guinea separated from Senegal, become Rivières du Sud, later French Guinee.
28 Jun 1882 - 16 Nov 1882 Aristide Louis Antoine Vallon (b. 1826 - d. 1897)
16 Nov 1882 - 28 Jun 1883 René Servatius
28 Jun 1883 - 25 Jul 1883 Adolphe Ernest Auguste Le Boucher (b. 1837 - d. 1896) (acting)
25 Jul 1883 - 15 Apr 1884 Henry Bourdiaux (acting) (b. 1838 - d. 1899)
15 Apr 1884 - 14 Apr 1886 Alphonse Seignac-Lesseps
1886: Gabon and Eastern coastal possessions separated from Senegal, become French Congo
14 Apr 1886 - 29 Apr 1888 Jules Genouille (b. 1839 - d. 1923)
29 Apr 1888 - 22 Sep 1890 Léon Émile Clément-Thomas
18 August 1890: French Sudan Territory separated from Senegal. See: Colonial heads of Mali
22 Sep 1890 - 19 May 1895 Henri Félix de Lamothe (b. 1843 - d. 1926)
19 May 1895 - 28 Jun 1895 Louis Mouttet (acting)(b. 1857 - d. 1902)
Incorporated into French West Africa -- 16 June 1895 Command of French West Africa Handed to Governor General
Governors of Sénégal now subortdonate to Governor General of l'AOF
28 Jun 1895 - 1 Nov 1900 Jean Baptiste Émile Louis (b. 1853 - d. 19..)
1 Nov 1900 - 26 Jan 1902 Noël Eugène Ballay (b. 1847 - d. 1902)
26 Jan 1902 - 15 Mar 1902 Pierre Paul Marie Capest (b. 1857 - d. 19..)
15 Mar 1902 - 11 Nov 1902 Ernest Roume (b. 1858 - d. 1934)
11 Nov 1902 - 26 Aug 1907 Camille Lucien Xavier Guy (b. 1860 - d. 1929)
26 Aug 1907 - 15 Dec 1907 Joost van Vollenhoven (acting) (b. 1877 - d. 1918)
15 Dec 1907 - 10 Jun 1908 Martial Henri Merlin (b. 1860 - d. 1935)
10 Jun 1908 - 17 Oct 1908 Jean Jules Émile Peuvergne (b. 1849 - d. 19..)(1st time)
17 Oct 1908 - 23 Feb 1909 Maurice Gourbeil
23 Feb 1909 - 2 May 1909 Marie Antoine Edmond Gaudard (acting)
2 May 1909 - 5 Feb 1911 Jean Jules Émile Peuvergne (2nd time)
5 Feb 1911 - 13 May 1914 Henri François Charles Core
13 May 1914 - 1916 Raphaël Valentin Marius Antonetti (b. 1872 - d. 1938)
20 Mar 1917 - 23 Sep 1920 Fernand Émile Levêque
23 Sep 1920 - 17 Sep 1921 Théophile Antoine Pascal (acting)
17 Sep 1921 - 4 Jul 1925 Pierre Jean Henri Didelot (b. 1870 - d. 19..)
4 Jul 1925 - 23 May 1926 Camille Théodore Raoul Maillet (1st time) (acting)
23 May 1926 - 23 Oct 1926 Joseph Zébédée Olivier Cadier (acting)
23 Oct 1926 - 12 Mar 1929 Léonce Alphonse Noël Henri Jore (b. 1882 - d. 1975)
12 Mar 1929 - 4 Jul 1930 Maurice Beurnier (1st time) (b. 1878 - d. 19..)
4 Jul 1930 - 15 Aug 1931 Camille Théodore Raoul Maillet (2nd time)
15 Aug 1931 - 14 Oct 1931 Benoît Louis Rebonne (acting)
14 Oct 1931 - Dec 1936 Maurice Beurnier (2nd time)
Dec 1936 - 25 Oct 1938 Louis Lefebvre
25 Oct 1938 - 1940 Jean Paul Parisot
1 Jan 1941 - 22 Dec 1942 Georges Pierre Rey
22 Dec 1942 - 2 Dec 1943 Hubert Jules Deschamps (b. 1900 - d. 1979)
2 Dec 1943 - Jun 1945 Charles Jean Dagain (b. 1885 - d. 1969)
Jun 1945 - Apr 1946 Pierre Louis Maestracci
Apr 1946 - 20 May 1947 Oswald Durand (b. 1888 - d. 1982)
20 May 1947 - 19 Oct 1950 Laurent Marcel Wiltord
19 Oct 1950 - 25 Apr 1952 Camille Victor Bailly (b. 1907 - d. 1984)
25 Apr 1952 - 19 Feb 1954 Lucien Eugène Geay (b. 1900)
19 Feb 1954 - 31 Oct 1955 Maxime Marie Antoine Jourdain
31 Oct 1955 - 10 Feb 1957 Jean Colombani (b. 1903)
10 Feb 1957 - 25 Nov 1958 Pierre Auguste Michel Marie Lami (b. 1909)
African High Commissioner of the French Union
25 Nov 1958 - 20 Jun 1960 Pierre Auguste Michel Marie Lami

References

  • Rulers.org: Senegal
  • Lucie Gallistel Colvin. Historical Dictionary of Senegal. Scarecrow Press/ Metuchen. NJ - London (1981) ISBN 081081885x pp.81-98 (Table 10).

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