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Byng, John, 1704-57, British admiral; son of George Byng, Viscount Torrington. Sent (1756) to prevent the French from taking Minorca, he arrived when the island was already under siege and, after an indecisive naval engagement, withdrew without relieving the siege. His court-martial and execution for "failure to do his utmost" brought charges that he had been used as a scapegoat for ministerial failure and prompted Voltaire's suggestion (in Candide) that from time to time the British find it desirable to shoot an admiral "pour encourager les autres" [to encourage the others].

See study by D. B. E. Pope (1962).

Byng, Julian Hedworth George, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, 1862-1935, British general. He served in India and South Africa and had several commands in World War I. In Apr., 1917, Canadian troops under his command took Vimy Ridge, in N France. For his distinguished services he was made a baron and, in 1926, a viscount. He was governor-general of Canada from 1921 to 1926.
Byng is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,090 at the 2000 census.


Byng is located at (34.862761, -96.668820). According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.5 square miles (16.9 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,090 people, 389 households, and 310 families residing in the town. The population density was 167.1 people per square mile (64.5/km²). There were 434 housing units at an average density of 66.5/sq mi (25.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 74.50% White, 2.02% African American, 16.15% Native American, 1.65% from other races, and 5.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.30% of the population.

There were 389 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,229, and the median income for a family was $38,906. Males had a median income of $27,596 versus $19,868 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,028. About 11.8% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.


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