Definitions

Buz

Buz

Buz. In the Bible, son of Nahor and Milcah. He was apparently the eponym of an Arabian tribe. The term Buzite is probably derived from his name.
(Polish: , Kotzobenz) is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It lies on the border with Poland, on the left bank of the Olza River, in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. It has 1,033 inhabitants (2001 census), 21.3% of the population are the Poles.

The village is one of the oldest in Cieszyn Silesia, it was mentioned for the first time in a written document in 1229 as Koczobontz. It was then a property of Benedictine monastery in Orłowa. However, there was a fortified settlement (gród) in this place called Cieszynisko (or Old Cieszyn). It was an important center since the 8th century. After decline of the settlement at the beginning of the 12th century, it was relocated to Wzgórze Zamkowe (castle hill) in Cieszyn. Near the old place a new settlement was created, Podobora. It is today an archaeological site and was partly rebuilt to form archeopark which is possible to visit.

Remains of old Gothic fort from the 13th century still remain, in its vicinity a Renaissance fort was built later. It was eventually rebuilt to a château at the beginning of the 19th century by new owner. Château gained current look in 1875-1879, when it was completely rebuilt. It was again renovated in 1947.

From 1974 to 1997 Chotěbuz was administratively a part of Český Těšín.

There is a border crossing with Poland in the village, one of the largest in the country and the largest between the Czech Republic and Poland. It is connected with the Polish one by the long bridge built in 1991 running upon the Olza River.

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