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burnsville

Burnsville, Minnesota

Burnsville is a city 15 miles (25 km) south of downtown Minneapolis in Dakota County in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The city lies on the south bank of the Minnesota River, upstream from the confluence with the Mississippi River. Burnsville and nearby suburbs form the southern portion of Minneapolis-St. Paul, the sixteenth largest metropolitan area in the United States, with about 3.2 million residents. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population at 59,118 in 2007.

Known in the Metro Area for its regional mall, Burnsville Center, the city is also a recreational and wildlife hub with lakes, ponds, the Minnesota River front, Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge, and section of Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve. Originally a rural Irish farming community, Burnsville became the tenth largest Minnesota city in the 2000 Census following the construction of Interstate 35. Currently the sixth largest suburb in the metro area and a bedroom community of both Minneapolis and Saint Paul, the city was fully built by the late 2000s. Burnsville has been building a downtown area called Heart of the City with urban-style retail and condominiums. The Burnsville Transit Station serves as the hub and headquarters of the Minnesota Valley Transit Authority, providing regional bus service to five other South of the River suburbs. Diverse in offerings and housing choices, the population majority was 87.5% white in the 2000 Census, most of which are middle-class families.

The name Burnsville is attributed to an early settler and land owner, William Byrne, recorded as Burns and later never corrected.

History

Mdewakanton Dakota were the earliest residents who came through the Minnesota River, following water fowl and game animals. As part of the greater migration of the Mdewakanton from their ancestral Mille Lacs Lake to the river confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi River, Chief Black Dog around 1750 established his band at a permanent village at the isthmus between Black Dog Lake (from which is named after him) and the Minnesota River, near the present site of the Black Dog Power Plant. The permanent camp was reported by early settlers as containing over 250 Dakota. At the south end of Burnsville, Crystal Lake, recorded as "Minne Elk" was utilized for abundant fish, leisure and burial. It was also a gathering spot where Dakota watched deer (or bucks) drink at the lake from the top of Buck Hill, in which was named by early settlers who witnessed this activity. Three large burial mounds were discovered after European settlement.

The Dakota nation ceded land in 1851 and many relocated to Chief Shakopee's village--the current Shakopee-Mdewakanton Indian Reservation in nearby Prior Lake. The first European settlers were mostly Irish and Scottish farmers who came upriver from Saint Paul. One of these Irish was William Byrne who had immigrated in 1840 from County Kilkenny, Ireland to Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. In 1855, he settled at the present day junction of County Road 34 and Judicial Road near the Scott County line, just southeast of old downtown Savage, and is two miles (3 km) west of I-35W. He subsequently donated land there for a church, school, and a cemetery as well as serving Town Chairman. In 1858, the Dakota County Board authorized Byrnsville Township on the north by the Minnesota River, east by Eagan and Lebanon, south by Lakeville, and west by Scott County. There is some ambiguity of if the name actually derived from Mr. Byrne since there were Burns living in the area (a Scottish variant). The Town Clerk recorded variations between Burns and Byrnes but at the 1960s city incorporation, the Burnsville spelling prevailed. The school district was organized during this time as well. The Irish and Scottish settlers of this time left their names on many area roads and parks and their religion in Presbyterian, Protestant, and Catholic churches.

In the 19th century, Burnsville was considered a long distance from downtown Minneapolis. Rail access finally came in 1864 and like many other outer ring suburbs of the era, Burnsville soon became a resort town for those in the city, building cottages along Crystal Lake as well as Orchard Lake and Marion Lake in nearby Lakeville. For the area, the Bloomington Ferry previously was the most direct means of crossing the Minnesota River to exchange commerce and visit relatives. In 1889 the Bloomington Ferry Bridge was built but was still in the far northwest quadrant of the village and heavily used. By 1920 the Lyndale Avenue Drawbridge opened next to Black Dog Lake, extending Minneapolis' first north south highway to the rural communities of southern Minnesota. Later the bridge, upgraded several times, would be replaced by the I-35W Minnesota River bridge. In 1950, just before the World War II postwar housing boom, Burnsville was still a quiet township with a population of 583 people. School was taught in a one-room schoolhouse containing eight grades.

After the arrival of Interstate 35W in 1960, the next two decades saw the largest boom in population when post-war pressures forced the community to develop at rapid pace. Byrnesville Township village officially incorporated in 1964 after defeating an annexation attempt by the city of Bloomington. While mass housing development was unavoidable, a former mayor, Connie Morrison said city managers had foresight in producing the many shopping nodes in walking distance of most homes. The city became a regional pull when Burnsville Center opened in 1977 and produced the heavily traveled retail strip on County Road 42. The next decades leading to the 21st century dealt with managing Burnsville's increasing population and growth which led to providing alternative transportation options, diverse housing and ultimately the Heart of the City project. The city approached build-out in the late 1990s and changed focus from new development to redevelopment and rehabilitation of existing structures.

Descendants of the Byrne family still remain in the metro area and greater Minnesota with the original spelling in their surname. A relative who dedicated William Byrne Elementary in the 1960s considered petitioning to correct the spelling but most of the family had moved away for several decades.

Geography

Fed by receding glaciers and Lake Agassiz 12,000 years ago, the Glacial River Warren carved today's Minnesota River valley. On the northern border of Burnsville, the Minnesota River winds through marshland and flood plains toward its confluence with the Mississippi. Most of the river is in the Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge with fish, wildlife, and parkland managed collectively by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Burnsville also contains the Black Dog and Lower Minnesota River Watershed Districts managed by the Dakota County Soil and Water Conservation District

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.7 square miles (69.3 km²), of which, 24.9 square miles (64.4 km²) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (4.8 km²) of it (6.96%) is water.

Interstate Highway 35 splits into Interstate Highways 35W and 35E within the city. Other routes in the city include Minnesota Highway 13 and County Road 42.

Demographics

The earliest settlers were roughly 250 Mdewakanton Dakota who lived permanently at Black Dog camp. Starting in the 1850s, Old Stock Americans from the east coast and French Canadians moved into eastern Dakota County near Saint Paul. A decade later, major European immigration began with settlers from Ireland, Scotland, and Great Britain. By the 1900s there were a few Scandinavians from Sweden, Norway, and Denmark but this ethnic group mostly concentrated towards Lakeville. Those from Germany and Eastern Europe would gradually join the minority from the packing jobs in nearby South St. Paul. Irish descendants maintained the majority through the early 1950s owing to the town's origin, overall land ownership and the practice of marrying within ethnic clans. The early 20th century's permanent population remained very low as the Minnesota River's lack of bridges and streetcar connection isolated the area from development, preventing people from moving south of downtown Minneapolis. The lake-side houses around Crystal Lake and Orchard Lake however attracted several various immigrant and first-generation wealthier individuals to temporarily settle or own land in the town limits.

2000 Ethnicity Percent
White 87.54%
African American 4.07%
Hispanic or Latino 2.86%
Asian 4.08%
Native American 0.46%
Pacific Islander 0.08%
In 1960, the U.S. Census Bureau recorded the population of Burnsville township at 2,716 people and soon after, the postwar growth was instantaneous, filling the city with second to third generation European descendants from Minneapolis, more American than ethnic. From 1960 to 1970, in ten years the total population accelerated to nearly 20,000 and by the year 2000 arrived at roughly 60,000 people. While still 87% white at the 2000 Census, all ethnic groups and ancestries by the 21st century shared a small percentage in the city limits, the highest reported single ancestry was German, Norwegian, and followed by Irish.

As of the census of 2000 (US census for 2000), there were 60,220 people, 23,687 households, and 15,633 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,421.0 people per square mile (935.1/km²). There were 24,261 housing units at an average density of 975.4/sq mi (376.6/km²).

There were 23,687 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them. The median age was 33 years. The median income for a household in the city was $57,965, and the median income for a family was $67,979. About 3.7% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Burnsville's biggest employer is its own school district, ISD 191, followed by Fairview Ridges Hospital, Goodrich Sensor Systems, Northern Tool + Equipment, Pepsi-Cola Bottling, Yellow Freight System Inc, CUB Foods, Frontier Communications, Genz-Ryan, Asset Marketing Services Inc. and the City of Burnsville. Manufacturing is the second largest industry. Most of the employers are in the industrial areas in the southwest and the north with corporate headquarters and modern warehouses in services and manufacturing. Service firms such as internet utilities, news, and real estate are mostly located throughout the north along Highway 13. Almost every brand of car dealership can be found along I-35W on the north and south ends of the city.

Retail shopping is located along County Road 42 and Highway 13 in the west and east sections of the city with local shopping nodes positioned throughout. The largest strip, County Road 42, is lined with suburban strip malls, restaurants, goods and grocery stores. Burnsville Center as the anchor of the strip is a regional mall.

Burnsville has a 15-30 minute commute vicinity to many regional attractions and services such as the Mall of America, Valleyfair Amusement Park, Buck Hill Ski Area, the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport, downtown Saint Paul and downtown Minneapolis. Adjacent cities of Apple Valley, Lakeville, and Savage provide even more nearby shopping hubs, lakes and parks.

Heart of the City

Burnsville's Heart of the City project is a downtown development policy driven by smart growth, which aims to create an attractive, vibrant, and pedestrian-friendly neighborhood setting with economically viable local businesses. The redevelopment encompasses centrally located in Burnsville, a few miles south of the Minnesota River. Current phases have already replaced traditional suburban elements such as former gas stations and drive-through services with several four-story mixed-use condominium buildings, recalling Main Street architecture. The centerpiece of the project is Nicollet Commons Park, located on Nicollet Avenue which has drawn residents to enjoy the first phases of the project already completed. A lifestyle center, the next generation shopping mall, will be added nearby mixing car focused access with pedestrian up-to-sidewalk stores. The approval of a performing arts center on the Heart of the City Campus in 2007 was among the most controversial issues of the year.

Arts, culture and media

While the city has no museums, it does operate the sole major arts institution, the Lake Alimagnet Center for the Arts in eastern Burnsville next to Lake Alimagnet, which provides community space for arts and non-profit groups. Burnsville is a regional leader in youth and teen activities. THE GARAGE Youth Center located near City Hall is a non-profit music club and teen center which has attracted music acts nationally and internationally.

Annually every August or September, the community holds the Burnsville Fire Muster. Established in 1980, the event originated in the 1970s as a showcase and short parade for a local fire equipment collector. Taking on the New England fire muster tradition, the event now includes a large parade, music concerts, and fireworks.

Burnsville homes and businesses receive the same television, news, and cable stations as most metro area cities, provided by Comcast and Time Warner Cable. Burnsville/Eagan Community Television (BECT) provides public access programs and information. The Burnsville Sun Current and Thisweek Newspapers supply local news and the Minneapolis Star Tribune recently created a South section dedicated to South of the River news.

Parks and recreation

The city contains of parkland spread throughout 79 parks and is managed by the Burnsville Parks Department which follows a Parks & Trails Master Plan. Only a third is developed and for recreation with the remainder preserved as natural habitat. Burnsville north border with the Minnesota River is within the Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge. Crystal Lake is the city's major recreation lake allowing boating, fishing, jet-skiing, and swimming. The Burnsville Skate Park is a free facility during summer hours. The Burnsville Ice Center has two large professional ice rinks.

The Burnsville Athletic Club is an all-volunteer youth sports league. It has an annual participation of nearly 1,300 players in the baseball leagues for grades K-12, and 80-90 boys basketball teams in grades 3-12, its two "in-house" sports (sports in which the teams play only other teams within the Burnsville Athletic Club). There are also traveling teams for boys' and girls' basketball and girls' fast pitch softball, which play against similar teams from around the state at a higher competitive level. Other adult sports are provided through the city's Recreation department, other recreational organizations, and minor league groups.

Government and politics

Mayor Elizabeth B. Kautz has been mayor since 1994, replacing Ken Wolf (R) who was elected to the State House of Representatives in District 41B. Having been re-elected five times, she has served for over 14 years. Kautz's framework of progressive activity and financial management has been studied and may explain her consecutive re-elections. She cites in her biography, that she has reduced Burnsville's debt, increased infrastructure improvement, maintained the property tax scheduled decrease, established a new youth center, and oversaw the establishment of the Minnesota Valley Transit Authority.

One of her major projects has been the Burnsville Heart of the City. After taking office, Kautz initiated a community and design charrette in which residents would develop a vision and plan for the city. The Heart of the City was identified as the intersecting commercial areas near Burnsville Parkway and Nicollet Avenue. Several parts of the development have been constructed and successful under her watch but the largest component, a 1,000 seat regional performing arts center has drawn mixed reaction from Council members and some residents in regards to public funds toward arts.

Burnsville operates as a Statutory Plan B city under the Minnesota Legislature. Government consists of an elected City Council of one executive mayor and four council members. All four council members are elected at-large to serve four-year terms. The Mayorship term was changed from two to four years in 2000. Administrative duties including employment of the city are in charge of the City Manager. As one of many Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan municipalities, the city is required to regularly submit a Comprehensive Plan detailing infrastructure and development progress to the Metropolitan Council.

The city is situated mostly in Minnesota's 40th Senate District, with some portions in District 37, and has traditionally been Republican. However the 2006 election cycle upset nearly every Republican held seat in the State House and Senate. Currently, the state Senators are John P. Doll (DFL) District 40, a residential tile and stone contractor focusing on health care, children's issues, education, environment, renewable energy, and transportation and Chris Gerlach (R) District 37. The state House Representatives are Will Morgan (DFL) 40A, a chemistry teacher at Burnsville High School focusing on government finance reform and education, and Shelley Madore (DFL) 37A. Morgan's seat will be challenged by former City Council member Deborah Moran and District 191 School Board Member Todd Johnson.

Burnsville is also located in Minnesota's 2nd congressional district, represented by John Kline, a Republican, who is strong on National Defense and conservative on a variety of social issues, scoring 2.8% progressive on a range of issues and 88% conservative based on 2006 House votes. This post was formerly filled by Ken Wolf from 1993 to 2002.

Education

Burnsville Independent School District 191, which includes Burnsville as well as parts of neighboring cities Savage and Eagan, currently has:
One 10-12 high school

Three 7-9 junior highs

Ten K-6 elementary schools

  • Harriet Bishop (located in Savage)
  • Edward D. Neill
  • Gideon Pond
  • Hidden Valley (located in Savage)
  • Marion W. Savage (located in Savage)
  • Rahn
  • Sioux Trail
  • Sky Oaks
  • Vista View
  • William Byrne
  • About 20% of Burnsville residents attend Independent School District 196 schools; they include: Apple Valley High School, and Valley Middle School, in Apple Valley; and Echo Park Elementary School in Burnsville.

    About 10% of Burnsville residents attend Independent School District 194 schools; they include: Lakeville North High School, Kenwood Trail Middle School, and Orchard Lake Elementary all of which are in Lakeville.

    Infrastructure

    Burnsville is a fully-developed suburban bedroom community. Large pockets of ramblers and split-level houses were due to Interstate 35W's completion in the 1960s which came earlier than most of the metro highways. Burnsville through the 1990s filled in the last of its available land with upscale housing stock and apartment complexes. In the 2000s Burnsville went under redevelopment activity, producing many four-story residential buildings. The Heart of the City, a new downtown area, contains mixed-use residential and retail buildings. This has produced a diverse range of housing types from single-family homes to high-density condominiums. Since the city was developed in a sprawl fashion, new and old buildings sit between each other. The original industrial area along the Minnesota River is mostly abandoned, and also contains a sealed land-fill site. The new industrial area in the west side of the city contains many manufacturing and corporate headquarters as well as large modern warehouses. West of the new downtown area are new office buildings, where one tower reaches above ten stories.

    Transportation

    Minnesota Valley Transit Authority provides regional bus service between many transit hubs within the city, south of the river, and to destinations such as the Mall of America, downtown Minneapolis, and Southdale Mall. Most residents commute and move around by car. Burnsville contains the Interstate Highway 35 split with Interstate Highway 35W leading to downtown Minneapolis and Interstate Highway 35E to downtown St. Paul. The major on and off-ramps for I-35W are located at Burnsville Parkway, County Road 42, and State Highway 13. County Road 42 and State Highway 13 both provide east-west access to the western suburb of Savage and the eastern suburb of Apple Valley. Major interior arteries include Nicollet Avenue, McAndrews Road (East 138th Street), County Road 5 (Kenwood Trail), County Road 11, Portland Avenue, Southcross Drive, and Lac Lavon Drive.

    Utilities and healthcare

    Burnsville Public Works draws water from wells and not the Minnesota River, supplying all homes and businesses. Electricity is provided by Dakota Electric Association, Minnesota Valley Electric Cooperative and Xcel Energy. Natural gas is provided by Centerpoint Minnegasco. Telephone and internet services are provided by Frontier Communications and Qwest.

    Fairview Ridges Hospital located south of City Hall along Nicollet Avenue is a 24-hour facility, touting the most advanced emergency, surgery, orthopedic and children's care south of the river. The hospital is within The Ridges campus which includes various medical clinics, services, centers and institutes. Nearby is a Park Nicollet Medical Center.

    Notable natives and residents

    References

    External links

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