Definitions

Burnside

Burnside

[burn-sahyd]
Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-81, Union general in the U.S. Civil War, b. Liberty, Ind. He saw brief service in the Mexican War and remained in the army until 1853, when he entered business in Rhode Island. In the Civil War, Burnside commanded a brigade at the first battle of Bull Run and was made (Aug., 1861) a brigadier general of volunteers. His expedition to the North Carolina coast (1862), resulting in the capture of Roanoke Island, New Bern, Beaufort, and Fort Macon, won him a major generalcy and much prestige. He commanded under G. B. McClellan in the Antietam campaign and shortly afterward succeeded that general in command of the Army of the Potomac. After a costly defeat at the battle of Fredericksburg (see Fredericksburg, battle of) in Dec., 1862, Burnside asked President Lincoln either to sustain him in dismissing Joseph Hooker and several other generals who opposed his plans, or to remove Burnside himself. Lincoln relieved him in favor of Joseph Hooker. As commander of the Dept. of the Ohio (Mar.-Dec., 1863), he occupied E Tennessee, took Knoxville, and repulsed James Longstreet's attempt to recapture the town. In 1864 he commanded under generals Meade and Grant in Virginia. Held partially responsible for the fiasco at Petersburg, he was relieved. Burnside was elected governor of Rhode Island in 1866 and was reelected in 1867 and 1868. From 1875 to his death he was a U.S. Senator. He originated the fashion of wearing long side whiskers, thus the term burnsides or sideburns.

See biography by B. P. Poore (1882); K. P. Williams, Lincoln Finds a General (Vol. II, 1950).

(born May 23, 1824, Liberty, Ind., U.S.—died Sept. 13, 1881, Bristol, R.I.) Union general in the American Civil War. A graduate of West Point, he was promoted to major general in 1862 and replaced George B. McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac; he was himself replaced after the Union loss at the Battle of Fredericksburg. He resigned in 1864 after the “Burnside mine” fiasco in the Petersburg Campaign, when a mine explosion intended to damage Confederate troops resulted in heavy Union losses. He was governor of Rhode Island (1866–69) and a U.S. senator (1875–81). He originated the fashion of side whiskers, later known as “sideburns.”

Learn more about Burnside, Ambrose (Everett) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born May 23, 1824, Liberty, Ind., U.S.—died Sept. 13, 1881, Bristol, R.I.) Union general in the American Civil War. A graduate of West Point, he was promoted to major general in 1862 and replaced George B. McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac; he was himself replaced after the Union loss at the Battle of Fredericksburg. He resigned in 1864 after the “Burnside mine” fiasco in the Petersburg Campaign, when a mine explosion intended to damage Confederate troops resulted in heavy Union losses. He was governor of Rhode Island (1866–69) and a U.S. senator (1875–81). He originated the fashion of side whiskers, later known as “sideburns.”

Learn more about Burnside, Ambrose (Everett) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Burnside is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 632 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Burnside is located at (35.755138, -109.630277).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 9.3 square miles (24.1 km²), all land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 632 people, 173 households, and 134 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 67.9 people per square mile (26.2/km²). There were 216 housing units at an average density of 23.2/sq mi (9.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.77% Native American, 7.12% White, 0.63% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 173 households out of which 48.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 33.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.65 and the average family size was 4.35.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 44.8% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 13.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,063, and the median income for a family was $25,441. Males had a median income of $18,661 versus $21,389 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,236. About 30.6% of families and 38.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.4% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Burnside is served by the Ganado Unified School District.

The area is served by Ganado Primary School, Ganado Intermediate School, Ganado Middle School, and Ganado High School.

References

External links

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