Burlingame

Burlingame

[bur-lin-geym, -ling-geym]
Burlingame, Anson, 1820-70, American diplomat, b. New Berlin, N.Y. He became a lawyer in Boston and later (1855-61) a Congressman. Defeated for reelection, he was made (1861) minister to China. By his tact and understanding of Chinese opposition to the autocratic methods of foreigners in the treaty ports, he won a place as adviser to the Chinese government. In 1867, China sent him as head of a mission to visit foreign lands in order to secure information and sign treaties of amity. He visited Washington, London, and capitals on the Continent. One result was a treaty between China and the United States, supplementary to the 1858 treaty. This, usually called the Burlingame Treaty, was signed in 1868. It was a treaty of friendship based on Western principles of international law. One clause encouraged Chinese immigration—laborers were then much in demand in the West; later the heavy influx of Chinese under its provisions caused friction on the West Coast and led to the exclusion of Chinese immigrants (see Chinese exclusion).

See biography by F. W. Williams (1912, repr. 1972).

Burlingame, city (1990 pop. 26,801), San Mateo co., W Calif., on San Francisco Bay; founded 1868, inc. 1908. Burlingame is mainly residential, with light manufacturing (plastic and metal products, furniture, and computers). The city is named for U.S. diplomat Anson Burlingame.

Burlingame, detail of an engraving by Perine & Giles, late 19th century.

(born Nov. 14, 1820, New Berlin, N.Y., U.S.—died Feb. 23, 1870, St. Petersburg, Russia) U.S. diplomat. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1855–61) and helped found the Republican Party. As U.S. minister to China (1861–67), he implemented a policy of cooperation between China and the Western powers. He so impressed the Chinese government that in 1867 he was appointed imperial envoy to conduct China's international relations. He concluded the Burlingame Treaty, which established reciprocal rights of Chinese and U.S. citizens.

Learn more about Burlingame, Anson with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Burlingame, detail of an engraving by Perine & Giles, late 19th century.

(born Nov. 14, 1820, New Berlin, N.Y., U.S.—died Feb. 23, 1870, St. Petersburg, Russia) U.S. diplomat. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1855–61) and helped found the Republican Party. As U.S. minister to China (1861–67), he implemented a policy of cooperation between China and the Western powers. He so impressed the Chinese government that in 1867 he was appointed imperial envoy to conduct China's international relations. He concluded the Burlingame Treaty, which established reciprocal rights of Chinese and U.S. citizens.

Learn more about Burlingame, Anson with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Burlingame is a city in San Mateo County, California. It is located on the San Francisco Peninsula and has a significant shoreline on San Francisco Bay. The city is named after diplomat Anson Burlingame. It is renowned for many surviving examples of Victorian architecture and its high residential quality of life. Burlingame was settled by wealthy San Franciscans looking for a better climate for their second homes, but industrial growth was spurred in the 1960s and 1970s by proximity to the San Francisco International Airport, generating airline support services growth near the U.S. Route 101 corridor. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, Burlingame had a population of 28,158.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 km² (6.0 mi²). 11.2 km² (4.3 mi²) of it is land and 4.4 km² (1.7 mi²) of it (28.19%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 28,158 people, 12,511 households, and 6,956 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,510.8/km² (6,496.2/mi²). There were 12,869 housing units at an average density of 1,147.5/km² (2,968.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.88% White, 1.1% African American, 0.23% Native American, 13.78% Asian, 0.48% Pacific Islander, 3.62% from other races, and 3.96% from two or more races. 17.64% of the population were Hispanic of any race.

There were 12,511 households out of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.4% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.93. The age distribution is: 19.2% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $68,526, and the median income for a family was $71,309. The mean household income is $118,900 with the average cost of a dwelling unit being $931,500, according to the Silicon Valley Business Journal. Males had a median income of $59,148 versus $47,461 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,565. About 3.7% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Burlingame is located in the 8th Senate District, represented by Democrat Leland Yee, and in the 19th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Gene Mullin. Federally, Burlingame is located in California's 12th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +22 and is currently represented by Democrat Jackie Speier.

History

City of Trees

Burlingame is known as the 'City of Trees' due to the number of trees within the city (18,000 public trees). Most residential properties have trees owned and protected by the city on their public right of way. In addition the city has many parks and Eucalyptus groves that add to the overall tree numbers. The Eucalyptus groves occur to the west of the city on Interstate 280 and alongside many city streets, like California Drive, El Camino Real, and other smaller local streets. Washington Park with Burlingame Avenue at its eastern edge, Burlingame High School at its western edge, and the Caltrain line at its southern edge is the oldest park in Burlingame. It was originally part of the Gunst Estate, and some of the existing large trees within the park were part of this estate.

Economy

Virgin America's headquarters are located in Burlingame as well as the Bay Area Laboratory Co-operative (BALCO), the company made famous by the baseball steroid scandal. The online discount brokerage Zecco.com also makes its home in Burlingame. Video game publisher Natsume, Inc. (a division of Japanese video game company Natsume Co., Ltd.), which localizes the Harvest Moon games for the North American market, is also located in Burlingame.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

San Mateo Union High School District operates local high schools. Burlingame High School is the town's sole public high school. Burlingame Intermediate School is it's sole public middle school. There are several public elementary schools serving Burlingame. They are Franklin Elementary, Lincoln Elementary, McKinley Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, and Washington Elementary.

Public libraries

Burlingame Library is located in Burlingame. It was established by city ordinance October 11, 1909. Following the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989 the City approved a bond issue to reconstruct the library. The architecture has won awards and was featured in Library Journal as well as earning a cover story in American Libraries.

Trivia

Burlingame is named after Anson Burlingame who purchased approximately 1,000 acres (4 km²) in what is currently Hillsborough & Burlingame. Anson Burlingame never lived on this property and only visited once or twice.

External links

City Council Members

Search another word or see burlingameon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;