Burgess

Burgess

[bur-jis]
Burgess, Anthony, 1917-93, English novelist, b. Manchester as John Anthony Burgess Wilson, grad. Manchester Univ., 1940. He taught school in England and in East Asia and pursued an early interest in music. His novels are marked by a surreal, darkly comic imagination. Burgess is acknowledged to have been one of the most imaginative and experimental English prose stylists. Burgess's best-known work is A Clockwork Orange (1962), written in an imaginary teen slang and set in a classless, futuristic society, where an intelligent young hoodlum asserts his individuality by deliberately choosing to do evil. His many other works include the novels Inside Mr. Enderby (1961), MF (1971), Napoleon Symphony: A Novel in Four Movements (1974), Earthly Powers (1980), The Devil's Mode (1989), and the posthumously published A Dead Man in Deptford (1995) and Byrne (1997); as well as a study of James Joyce, Re Joyce (1968).

See his autobiographies, Little Wilson and Big God (1986) and You've Had Your Time (1991); studies by R. Mathews (1978), S. Cole (1981), and G. Aggler (1986).

Burgess, Gelett (Frank Gelett Burgess), 1866-1951, American humorist, b. Boston. His ability as an illustrator led him into magazine work, and he was soon writing humorous articles and stories to accompany his illustrations. His best-known poem, "The Purple Cow," first appeared in the San Francisco periodical the Lark (1895-97), of which he was an editor and steady contributor. Among his books are Goops and How to Be Them (1900) and Are You a Bromide? (1907).
Burgess, John William, 1844-1931, American educator and political scientist, b. Tennessee. He served in the Union army in the Civil War and after the war graduated from Amherst (1867). He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1869, but did not practice. That same year he joined the faculty of Knox College. In 1871 he went to Germany, where he studied at the universities of Göttingen, Leipzig, and Berlin. He returned in 1873 to teach history and political science at Amherst. In 1876 he began his long association with Columbia; he was professor of political science and constitutional law until 1912. Burgess, with Nicholas Murray Butler, was a major influence in the creation (1880) of a faculty and school of political science, the first such faculty organized for graduate work in the country and the chief step in changing Columbia College into a university. He was dean of the Faculty of Political Science from 1890 until his retirement. In 1906-7 he served as first Roosevelt professor at the Univ. of Berlin. Burgess's fundamental political philosophy was expressed in Political Science and Comparative Constitutional Law (1890-91), the more permanently valuable portions of which were republished as The Foundations of Political Science (1933). He interpreted American history in The Middle Period, 1817-1858, The Civil War and the Constitution, 1859-1865, and Reconstruction and the Constitution, 1866-1876, a trilogy published between 1897 and 1902, to which was added The Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes (1915). In Recent Changes in American Constitutional Theory (1923) he protested against the encroachment of the federal government upon state and individual rights and immunities. He founded the Political Science Quarterly.

See his autobiography, The Reminiscences of an American Scholar (1934); R. G. Hoxie, A History of the Faculty of Political Science, Columbia University (1955).

orig. John Anthony Burgess Wilson

(born Feb. 25, 1917, Manchester, Eng.—died Nov. 22, 1993, London) English novelist, critic, and composer. His experiences in Southeast Asia produced the novel trilogy The Long Day Wanes (1956–59). A Clockwork Orange (1962; film, 1971), his most original work, is a satire on extreme political systems. His other novels, which combine mordant wit, moral seriousness, verbal dexterity, and the bizarre, include The Wanting Seed (1962), Inside Mr. Enderby (1963), and Earthly Powers (1980). In addition to his extensive literary criticism, biographies, and works on linguistics and music, he composed more than 65 musical works.

Learn more about Burgess, Anthony with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. John Anthony Burgess Wilson

(born Feb. 25, 1917, Manchester, Eng.—died Nov. 22, 1993, London) English novelist, critic, and composer. His experiences in Southeast Asia produced the novel trilogy The Long Day Wanes (1956–59). A Clockwork Orange (1962; film, 1971), his most original work, is a satire on extreme political systems. His other novels, which combine mordant wit, moral seriousness, verbal dexterity, and the bizarre, include The Wanting Seed (1962), Inside Mr. Enderby (1963), and Earthly Powers (1980). In addition to his extensive literary criticism, biographies, and works on linguistics and music, he composed more than 65 musical works.

Learn more about Burgess, Anthony with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Burgess is a village in Barton County, Missouri, United States. The population was 70 at the 2000 census, at which time it was a town.

Geography

Burgess is located at (37.555890, -94.615703).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²), all of it land. Burgess is located adjacent to Mulberry, Kansas just across the state line. The only paved roads into Burgess are through Kansas.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 70 people, 25 households, and 18 families residing in the town. The population density was 932.2 people per square mile (337.8/km²). There were 33 housing units at an average density of 439.5/sq mi (159.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.57% White and 1.43% Native American.

There were 25 households out of which 48.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 118.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,375, and the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had a median income of $13,750 versus $8,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $7,409. There were 20.0% of families and 17.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 15.8% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

References

External links

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