Definitions

bunionectomy

List of -ectomies

The surgical terminology suffix "-ectomy" was taken from Greek εκ-τομια = "act of cutting out". It means surgical removal of something, usually from inside the body.

A

B

  • Bullectomy is the surgical removal of bullae from the lung
  • Bunionectomy is the removal of a bunion.

C

D

E

  • Endarterectomy is the removal of plaque from the lining of the artery otherwise constricted by a buildup of fatty deposits.
  • Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy is the burning, severing, removing or clamping parts of the sympathetic nerve trunk.
  • Extrapleural pneumonectomy is the removal of the entire lung along with the pleura, the lung lining and part of the pericardium, the lining of the heart.

F

G

  • Gastrectomy is the partial or full removal of the stomach.
  • Ganglionectomy is the excision of a ganglion
  • Glossectomy is the removal of part or all of the tongue

H

I

  • Iridectomy - Removal of a piece of iris from the eye (mainly done for iris tumours e.g. melanoma of the iris)

J

K

L

M

  • Mastectomy is the surgical removal of one or both breasts. A mastectomy can be either partial or complete.
  • Mastoidectomy is the removal of disease from the bone behind the ear.
  • Maxillectomy is the removal of the maxilla or cheekbone - Sometimes done with orbital exenteration (removal of the eye and the orbital contents surrounding the eye) or by enucleation (removal of the eyeball)
  • Mandibulectomy is the removal of the mandible or the lower jaw bone.
  • Myomectomy is the removal of fibroids from the uterus, but the uterus is left intact.

N

O

  • Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of a female animal's ovaries, also called spaying.
  • Orchidectomy is any process whereby a biological male (human or animal) loses the use of his testes. Also known as an orchiectomy.
  • Oesophagectomy is the removal or part or all of the oesophagus

P

Q

R

  • Radical vulvectomy is the complete removal of the vulva, including the lymph nodes on both sides of the groin.
  • Radical mastectomy - Removal of the whole breast, along with the chest lining, both major and minor chest muscles and all of the underarm lymph nodes on that side. Also called Halstead Mastectomy.
  • Rhinectomy is the removal of part or all of the nose
  • Radical nephrectomy - Removal of the kidney along with the adrenal gland and the ureter (the tube after the kidney connecting to the urinary bladder with it)

S

T

U

V

  • Vaginectomy is the removal of all or part of the vagina.
  • Vasectomy is the surgical tying of the vas deferens, tubes that connect to the male testes and transport sperm, done for the purposes of sterilization in males.
  • Vulvectomy is the removal of all or part of the vulva (external female genitalia) - The types of vulvectomy are
    • Skinning vulvectomy - Removal of the top layers of the vulva only
    • Simple or total vulvectomy - Removal of the entire vulva only
    • Partial vulvectomy - Removal of part/one side of the vulva only
    • Radical vulvectomy - Removal of the entire vulva along with lymph nodes on both sides of the groin. Vulvectomy is mainly done for vulvar cancer.

Other uses

Sometimes this suffix is used humorously in non-surgical contexts, for example "popculturectomy" for a type of editing process on a text.

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