Bumper car is the generic name for a type of flat ride consisting of several small electric cars which draw power from the floor and/or ceiling, and which are turned off by the operator at the end of a session. They are also known as dodgem cars, or simply dodgems, the last name being the usual term in British English.
Power is commonly supplied through one of two methods:
The metal floor is usually set up as a rectangular or oval track, and graphite is sprinkled on the floor to decrease friction. A rubber bumper surrounds each vehicle, and drivers ram each other as they travel. The controls are usually an accelerator and a steering wheel. The car can be made to go backwards by turning the steering wheel far enough in either direction, necessary in the frequent pile-ups that occur. Most carnivals and amusement parks require riders to be at least 42 inches or taller to ride and or taller to drive the cars.
Although the idea of the ride is to bump other cars, safety-conscious (or at least litigation-conscious) owners often put up signs reading "This way round" and "No bumping". Depending on the level of enforcement by operators, they are usually ignored by bumper car riders, especially younger children.
During their heyday (late 1920s through 1950s), the two major bumper car brands were Dodgem and the Lusse Brothers' Auto-Skooter. In the mid 1960s, Disneyland introduced hovercraft-based bumper cars called "The Flying Saucers," which worked on the same principle as an air hockey game; the ride was a mechanical failure and closed after a few years.
The current largest bumper car floor is located at Six Flags Great America in Gurnee IL, and is called the Rue Le Dodge (Rue Le Morgue during October for Fright Fest). The ride is , 9 inches by or a total of . An exact replica of the ride was built at California's Great America in Santa Clara CA, however in 2005 became a one way bumper car floor (as many have) adding a concrete island in the middle of the floor to promote the one way traffic. This made Rue Le Dodge at Six Flags Great America the largest floor.
Majestic Manufacturing Inc., located in New Waterford, Ohio has been producing Bumper Car Scooter Buildings since 1973. Majestic was the first manufacturer to produce a portable floor building for bumper cars to ride on. They also produced and sold many models of bumper cars- New Rap,Ninja,Futura,Azzurra,Turbo,C.X. and now the Viper Bumper Car