Brownson, Orestes Augustus

Brownson, Orestes Augustus

Brownson, Orestes Augustus, 1803-76, American author and clergyman, b. Stockbridge, Vt. Largely self-taught, he became a vigorous and influential writer on social and religious questions. He was a Presbyterian, but left that church to become first a Universalist and then a sort of free-lance minister, working for such socialistic schemes as the short-lived Workingmen's Party. Later he was a Unitarian minister until in 1836 he started his own church, the Society for Christian Union and Progress. As founder and editor of the Boston Quarterly Review (1838-42) and as editor of the Democratic Review (1842-44), he condemned social inequalities. At this time he was one of the transcendentalists and was so interested in Brook Farm as to send his son there. He entered the Roman Catholic Church in 1844, and later, as editor of the new Brownson's Quarterly Review, he was a vigorous defender of the Church. Among his books are New Views of Christianity, Society, and the Church (1836); two autobiographical novels, Charles Elwood; or, The Infidel Converted (1840) and The Convert (1857); and The American Republic (1865).

See biography by his son, Henry F. Brownson (3 vol., 1898-1900), who also edited his works (20 vol., 1882-87, repr. 1966), biographies by A. Schlesinger, Jr. (1939, repr. 1966) and T. Maynard (1943, repr. 1971); studies by L. Gilhooley (1980) and T. R. Ryan (1984).

1

10th-century philosophy - 11th-century philosophy - 12th-century philosophy - 13th-century philosophy - 14th-century philosophy - 15th-century philosophy - 16th-century philosophy - 17th-century philosophy - 18th-century philosophy - 19th-century philosophy

2

20th-century philosophy

A

A Conflict of Visions - a fortiori - a fortiori argument - A Grief Observed - A Guide for the Perplexed - a posteriori - a priori - a priori argument - A priori assumption - a priori justification - A-proposition - a round - a se - A-series and B-series - A-theory of time

Ab

Ab ovo - Abacus logic - Pierre Abailard - abandonment - Nicola Abbagnano - Abderites - abductive reasoning - Abductive validation - Muhammad 'Abduh - Peter Abelard - Pierre Abélard - John Abercrombie - Aberdeen Philosophical Society - abhidharma - Abhidhamma Pitaka - Abhinavagupta - abhinivesha - Abilene paradox - The Abolition of Work - abortion Abortion - Abraham ibn Ezra - Isaac Abravanel - Judah ben Isaac Abravanel - absent qualia - The Absolute The Absolute - absolute idealism Absolute idealism - Absolute Infinite - Absolute idealism - absolute naturalism Absolute naturalism - absolute right - absolute space - Absolute Spirit - Absolute theory - absolute theory of space Absolute theory of space - absolute threshold - absolute time - Absolute truth (including "Absolutism") - abstract Abstract - abstract art - abstract entities - abstract entity - abstract ideas Abstract ideas - abstract objects Abstract objects - abstract particulars - abstract versus concrete Abstract versus concrete - abstracta - abstraction (philosophy) Abstraction - Abstraction - Absurdism - Abunaser Abunaser

Ac

AC - academic freedom - Academic philosophy - Academic skepticism - Academy of Athens - Academy of Florence - accent - acceptance - access - accessibility - accessibility between two worlds - accessibility relation - accident - Accident (fallacy) - accidental generalization - accidental properties - accidental property - accidentalism - accidie - accomplishment verb - Accountability - achievement verb - Achilles paradox - acosmism - acquaintance - acquaintance and description - acrasia - act - act and omission doctrine - act-content-object psychology - act object ambiguity - action (philosophy) - action at a distance - action theory - action token - action type - action verb - active and passive intellects - active euthanasia - active power - activity verb - act-object distinction - act-object psychology - act of commission - act of omission - act utilitarianism - Acts - acts and omissions - actual - Actual Idealism - actual infinite - Actual infinity - actual occasion - actual reality - actualism - actualist - actuality - actuality and potentiality - actualization

Ad

Ad captandum - ad hoc - ad hoc hypothesis - ad hoc theory - ad hominem - ad hominem argument - Ad nauseam - Adam de Wodeham - Adam of Wodeham - Marilyn McCord Adams - Robert Merrihew Adams - Adams thesis - adaptation - adaptive system - addiction - Addition (logic) - Adelard of Bath - adequacy - adequation - ādhyātman - adiaphora - adicity - adjunction - Mortimer Adler - Admissible rule - Theodor Adorno - advaita - Advaita Vedanta - adventitous ideas - adverbial theory - adverbs - Adversarial process

Ae

Aenesidemus of Cnossos - Aesop - aesthetic attitude - aesthetic concepts - aesthetic detachment - aesthetic distance - aesthetic form - aesthetic formalism - aesthetic imagination - aesthetic judgement - aesthetic objectivity - aesthetic property - aesthetic value - aestheticism - Aestheticization as propaganda - Aestheticization of violence - aesthetics - aesthetics and ethics - aesthetics in Islamic philosophy - aesthetics of architecture - Aesthetics of music - Aeterni Patris - aether

Af

Affection - affective - Affine logic - affirmative action - affirmative and negative propositions - Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise - Affirming a disjunct - affirming the antecedent - affirming the consequent - Jamal al-Din al-Afghani - African aesthetics - African philosophy - African philosophy, Anglophone - African philosophy, Francophone - African traditional religions

Ag

āgama - Agama Hindu Dharma - agapē - Agathology - agathon - Age of reason - The Age of Reason - agent - agent-based ethics - agent causation - agent morality - agent-neutral reasons - agent-relative moralities - agent-relative reasons - Aggadah - agglomeration - Aggression - agniology - agnostic - Agonistic pluralism - agnosticism - Rudolph Agricola - Agriculture School - agricultural ethics - Agrippa the Skeptic - Agrippa von Nettesheim

Ah

ahamkāra - ahantā - ahimsā - Ahimsa - Ahura Mazda

Ai

Pierre D'Ailly - aisthesis

Aj

Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz Ajivika

Ak

Akan philosophical psychology - ākāśa - akrasia

Al

Alabama paradox - Alan Sokal - ālaya-vijñāna - Albert of Saxony - Albert the Great - Albertus Magnus - Albinus - Joseph Albo - alchemy - Alcibiades - First Alcibiades - Second Alcibiades - Alcinous - Alcmaeon - Henry Aldrich - Virgil Aldrich - Algebraic normal form - Yohanan ben Isaac Alemanno - Jean le Rond D'Alembert - alethic concepts - alethic modalities - Samuel Alexander - Alexander of Aphrodisias - Alexander of Hales - Alexandrian school - Al-Farabi - al-Fārābī - Abu Jasar Al-Farabi - Algazel - algebra - al-Ghazali - Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali - algorithm - algorithmic function - Alhazen - alienation - Dante Alighieri - Archibald Alison - aliorelative - Al-Khidr - Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi - all - All and Everything - all-things-considered reason - Allais's paradox - Allan Bloom - allegory of the cave - William Alnwick - Alphonso Lingis - Abu Bakr al-Razi - Also sprach Zarathustra - William Alston - alterity - alterity and identity - alternative denial - Louis Pierre Althusser - altruism - Robert Alyngton

Am

Ama-gi - ambiguity - ambiguous middle - Saint Ambrose - American philosophy - Abu'l Hasan Muhammad Ibn Yusuf al-'Amiri - Ammonius Hermeae - Ammonius Saccas - Anton Wilhelm Amo - amoral decision - amoralist - amorality - Amphibology - amphiboly - ampliatio - ampliative argument - ampliative inference - ampliative judgment

An

Ana-Ans

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding - An Sich - Anacharsis - Analects - Analects of Confucius - analogical argument - analogical predication - analogies of experience - analogy - analogy of proportion - analysandum - analysans - analysis - analytic - analytic adequacy - analytic and synthetic knowledge - analytic and synthetic statements - analytic ethics - analytic hierarchy - analytic jurisprudence - analytic knowledge - analytic Marxism - analytic philosophy - analytic proposition - analytic-synthetic distinction - analytical definition - analytical functionalism - Analytical hierarchy - analytical jurisprudence - analytical philosophy - analytical philosophy in Latin America - analytical psychology - Analytical Thomism - analyticity - anamnesis - ānanda - ananke - anaphor - anaphora - anarchism - anarcho-capitalism - Anarcho-primitivism - Anarchy, State, and Utopia - Anatta - anattāvāda - Anaxagoras - Anaxarchus - Anaximander - Anaximenes - ancestral - ancestral relation - ancient atomism - ancient philosophy - ancient skepticism - and - John Anderson - Andronicus of Rhodes - Anesidemus - angst - anhomoeomorous - anima mundi - animal consciousness - animal faith - animal language - animal rights - animal souls - animal spirits - animals and ethics - animals in philosophy - Animistic fallacy - Anniceraioi - Anniceris - anomalism of the mental - anomalous monism - anomaly - Anomie - anotic - Ansatz - Anschauung - G. E. M. Anscombe - Saint Anselm

Ant

ante rem realism - antecedent (logic) - antecedentalism - anthropic principle - anthropocentrism - anthropology - anthroposophy - The Antichrist (book) - anti-communism - Anti-foundationalism - anti-individualism - antilogism - anti-modernism - antinomianism - antinomies - antinomy - Antiochus - Antiochus of Ascalon - Antipater - Antiphon - antiperistasis - Antiphon (person) - anti-positivist thought in Latin America - Anti-psychiatry - Anti-psychologism - anti-razor - anti-realism - anti-realism in the philosophy of mathematics - anti-Semitism - Antisthenes - antisymmetrical - antithesis

Ap

apagoge - apatheia - Karl-Otto Apel - apellatio - aperion - aphorism - apocatastasis - apodeitic - apodictic - apodosis - Apollonian - Apollonian and Dionysian - apologism - Apology (Plato) - Apology (Xenophon) - apophantic - Apophasis - apopogetics - apophatic philosophy - apophatic theology - aporetic - aporia - aposteriori - Appeal to authority - Appeal to belief - Appeal to consequences - Appeal to emotion - Appeal to fear - Appeal to flattery - Appeal to motive - Appeal to novelty - Appeal to pity - Appeal to probability - Appeal to ridicule - Appeal to spite - Appeal to tradition - appearance and reality - appearing - appellation - apperception - application - applied ethics - applied philosophy - Apportionment paradox - a priori - aptitude - Apuleius - Apuleius of Madaura

Aq

Saint Thomas Aquinas

Ar

Ara-Arg

Arabic philosophy - ārādhya - Isaac ben Moses Arama - Arbitration - Arcesilaus - Arcesilaus of Pitane - archaeology - archē - arche - Archelaus of Athens - archetype - Archimedean ordering - architectonic - Archytas - Hannah Arendt - Areopagitica - aretaic - Aretaic turn - aretē - Argentinian philosophy - argument - argument form - argument from analogy - argument from authority - argument from design - argument from evil - Argument from fallacy - argument from hallucination - Argument from ignorance - argument from illusion - Argument from morality - Argument from silence - Argumentation theory - arguments for eternity - arguments for the existence of God - argumentum ad baculum - Argumentum ad crumenam - argumentum ad hominum - argumentum ad ignorantium - Argumentum ad lazarum - argumentum ad misericordiam - Argumentum ad numerum - argumentum ad populum - argumentum ad verecundiam - argumentum consensus - Arhat

Ari

Arianism - Aristippus of Cyrene - Aristippus the Elder - aristocracy - Ariston of Chios - Aristotelian biology - Aristotelian ethics - Aristotelian logic - Aristotelian mathematics - Aristotelian metaphysics - Aristotelian physics - Aristotelian poetics - Aristotelian political philosophy - Aristotelian rhetoric - Aristotelian Society - Aristotelian Society for the Systematic Study of Philosophy - Aristotelian theory of gravity - Aristotelian view of God - Aristotelianism - Aristotelianism in the Ancient World - Aristotelianism in Islamic philosophy - Aristotelianism in the Medieval Europe - Aristotelianism in the Renaissance - Aristotle - Aristotle commentators - Aristotle's theory of universals - Aristuppus the Younger - arithmetic - arithmetic hierarchy - arity - Arius

Ark-Art

arkhē - Arminianism - Jacobus Arminius - David Armstrong - Antoine Arnauld - Raymond Aron - François-Marie Arouet - Kenneth Joseph Arrow - arrow of time - arrow paradox - Arrow's impossibility theorem - Arrow's paradox - Arrow's theorem - art - art and morality - art and truth - art criticism - Art for art's sake - Art of murder - The Art of War - The Art of Worldly Wisdom - art, science, and religion - arthritis in the thigh - Artifact (philosophy) - artifactuality - Artificial consciousness - artificial intelligence - artificial intelligence and multi-valued logic - artificial language - artificial life - artistic expression - artistic forgery - Artistic freedom - artistic interpretation - artistic style - artistic taste - artist's intention - artworld - Arya Samaj

As

As I was going to St Ives - as if - asceticism - Asclepiades - ascriptivism - aseity - ash'ariyya and mu'tazila - Asian values - Valentin Ferdinandovich Asmus - Aspasius - aspectual action paradox - assent - assertability - assertability conditions - assertion - assertion sign - assertoric - assisted suicide - association of ideas - associationism - associative law - Mary Astell - astrology - asymmetrical

At

ataraxia - Athanasius - atheism - atheism and agnosticism - Atheismusstreit - Athenian Academy - Athenian democracy - Athenian School - Athens - Atlantis - Atman (Buddhism) - Atman (Hinduism) - atomic fact - Atomic sentence - atomism - atonement - Atrocity story - Atticus - attitude - Attitude (psychology) - attitude utilitarianism - Attorney/client privilege - attribute - attribution theory - attributive pluralism - attributive use of descriptions

Au

Augustine of Hippo - Augustine and neo-platonism - Augustine and free will - Augustinianism - Marcus Aurelius - Peter Aureol - Aurobindo Ghose - John Austin - John Langshaw Austin - Australian materialism - Australian philosophy - autarkia - authenticity - Authenticity - Authenticity (philosophy) - authoritarianism - authority - autocracy - autological - automata theory - automated reasoning - automatism - automaton - autonomy - autonomy and heteronomy - autonomy in applied ethics - autonomy in moral philosophy - autonomy in political philosophy - autonomy of biology - autonomy of ethics - autonomy of psychology

Av

Avant-garde - avatar - Avecebrol - Avempace - Richard Avenarius - Averroes - Averroës - Averroism - aversion therapy - Avicebrol - Avicebron - Avicenna - avidya - avowal

Aw

The Awakening of Faith in Mahāyāna - awareness

Ax

axiological ethics - axiology - axiom - axiom of abstraction - axiom of choice - axiom of comprehension - axiom of consistency - axiom of extensionality - axiom of infinity - Axiom of projective determinacy - axiom of reducibility - axiom of replacement - axiom of separation - Axiom S5 - axiom schema - axiomatic method - Axiomatic set theory - axiomatic system - axiomatization - axioms of intuition

Ay

A. J. Ayer - Alfred Jules Ayer - Ayurveda

B

B-series - B-theory of time

Ba

Franz von Baader - Franz Xaver von Baader - Charles Babbage - Graccus Baboeuf - Gaston Bachelard - backgammon - background - backward causation - Francis Bacon - Roger Bacon - bad faith - Baden School - Abu 'L-Barakat al-Baghdadi - Annette Baier - Kurt Baier - Alexander Bain - Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin - Mikhail Bakunin - Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin - Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin - bald man paradox - John Balguy - ball of wax example - Domingo Banez - Domingo Bañez - Domingo Báñez - Abraham bar Hayya - Abraham bar Hiyya - Barbara - barber paradox - Barcan formula - bare particular - bargaining theory - Jonathan Barnes - Brian Barry - Karl Barth - Roland Barthes - Bartolus of Sassoferrato - Bartolus of Saxoferrato - base - base and superstructure - base clause - basic Action - basic belief - basic norm - basic particular - basic proposition - basic sentence - basic statement - basic statements - Basiides - basing relation - basis clause - basis relation - Sebastiano Basso - Georges Bataille - Jean Baudrillard - Bruno Bauer - David Baumgardt - Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten - Bruno Bayer - Thomas Bayes - Bayesian[ - Bayesian confirmation theory - Bayesian epistemology - Bayesian probability - Bayesian rationality - Bayesianism - Bayes' theorem - Bayes's rule - Bayes's theorem - Pierre Bayle - Bayle's trilema

Be-Bi

be - beatitude's kiss - James Beattie (writer) - beauty - beauty above beauty - Simone de Beauvoir - Cesare Beccaria - Jacob Sigismund Beck - becoming - Bedeutung - begging the question - Begriff - behavior therapy - behavioral equivalence - behavioralism - behaviorism - behaviourism - being - being and becoming - being in itself - being for itself - belief - belief and knowledge - belief-desire model - belief-in - belief in - belief revision - Vissarion Grigorievich Belinskii - Bell's inequality - Bell's theorem - Nuel Belnap - beneficence - Friedrich Eduard Beneke - benevolence - Walter Benjamin - Jonathan F. Bennett - bent stick in water - Jeremy Bentham - Richard Bentley - Nikolai Aleksandrovich Berdiaev - Nikolai Alexandrovich Berdyaev - Nicolas Berdyaev - Gustav Bergmann - Henri Louis Bergson - Henri-Louis Bergson - George Berkeley - Isaiah Berlin - Sir Isaiah Berlin - Bernard of Chartres - Bernard of Clairvaux - Bernard of Tours - Bernardus Silvestris - Francois Bernier - François Bernier - Bernoulli's theorem - Bernoulli's principle - Eduard Bernstein - Berry's paradox - Bertrand's box paradox - Bertrand's paradox - best of all possible worlds - Beth's definability theorem - Beth's theorem - Bhagavad Gita - Bhagavadgita - Bhagavadgītā - bhakti - Bhartrhari - bhavanga - bible - biconditional - Gabriel Biel - bilateral reduction sentence - binary opposition - binary quantifier - Hugh Binning - bioethics - biological naturalism - biology - Birkhoff-von Neumann logic - bivalence

Bl-Bo

Max Black - black box - black box theory - black philosophy - Simon Blackburn - William Blackstone - bladders of philosophy - Hugh Blair - Blaise of Parma - blame - Maurice Blanchot - Brand Blanshard - Blasius of Parma - bleen - blindsight - Ernst Bloch - Ernst Simon Bloch - Ned Block - block time - Maurice Blondel - Norberto Bobbio - bodily continuity - bodily sensations - Jean Bodin - body and mind - Jakob Boehme - Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius - Boetius of Dacia - Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Bogdanov - Alexandr Alexandrovich Bogdanov - Bohm interpretation - Niels Bohr - Bohr Einstein debate - Samuel Bold - Ludwig Boltzmann - Bernard Bolzano - Bonaventure - St Bonaventure - St. Bonaventure - Saint Bonaventure - Dietrich Bonhoeffer - Charles Bonnet - boo-hoorah theory - Book of Causes - Book of Changes - book of life - George Boole - Boolean algebra (logic) - bootstrapping - borderline case - Born interpretation - Bernard Bosanquet - Roger Joseph Boscovich - Rudjer Josip Bošković - Rudjer Josip Boskovic - bottum-up - bottum up - bound variable - Pierre Bourdieu - bourgeois - bourgeoisie - bourgeoisie and proletariat - Emile Boutroux - Émile Boutroux - Borden Parker Bowne - Robert Boyle

Br

bracketing - F.H. Bradley - F. H. Bradley - Francis Herbert Bradley - Thomas Bradwardine - Brahma - Brahman - brahman - Brahmanism - Brahmo Samaj - brain - brain event - brain in a vat - brain-in-a-vat theory - Richard Bevan Braithwaite - Richard B. Brandt - Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brauwer - Brazilian philosophy - Franz Brentano - Franz Clemens Brentano - Brentano's thesis - bridge law - Percy William Bridgman - Edgar Sheffield Brightman - Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin - Richard Brinkley - British empiricists - British Idealism - Radulphus Brito - C.D. Broad - C. D. Broad - Charles Dunbar Broad - Charlie Dunbar Broad - L. E. J. Brouwer - L.E.J. Brouwer - Luitzgen Egbertus Jan Brouwer - Thomas Brown (philosopher) - Peter Browne - Orestes Augustus Brownson - Emil Brunner - Giordano Bruno - Leon Brunschvicg - Léon Brunschvicg - brute fact - James Bryce

Bu

Martin Buber - Justus Buchler - Buchmanism - Louis Buchner - Ludwig Büchner - Ludwig Buchner - Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig Büchner - Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig Buchner - Malcolm Budd - Buddha - Buddhahood - Buddhaghosa - Buddhism - Buddhist concept of emptiness - Buddhist philosophy - Buddhist philosophy in Tibet - Buddhist schools - Claude Buffier - Georges Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon - Sergei Nikolaevich Bulgakov - Rudolf Bultmann - bundle theory - bundle theory of mind - bundle theory of the self - Burali-Forte paradox - Burali-Forti's paradox - Jakob Christoph Burckhardt - Tyler Burge - Jean Buridan - John Buridan - Buridan's ass - Edmund Burke - Walter Burleigh - Walter Burley - James Burnet - James Burnett - Myles Frederic Burnyeat - Richard Burthogge - Bushi philosophy - business ethics - Joseph Butler - Samuel Butler - Byzantine philosophy

C

Ca

Cabala - Pierre-Jean Cabanis - cabbala - Amilcar Cabral - Amílcar Cabral - Edward Caird - Cajetan - Cardinal Thomas de Vio Cajetan - Calcidius - calculi of relations - calculus - calculus of classes - calculus of individuals - calculus ratiocinator - Callicles - Jean Calvin - John Calvin - Calvinism - Callicles and Thrasymachus - Cambridge change - Cambridge philosophy - Cambridge Platonism - Cambridge Platonists - Cambridge property - Cambridge School - camera obscura - Tommaso Campanella - George Campbell - Norman Robert Campbell - Albert Camus - Canadian philosophy - Georges Canguilhem - Georg Cantor - Cantor's paradox - Cantor's theorem - capacity - capacity responsibility - capital punishment - capitalism - Johannes Capreolus - Girolamo Cardano - Hieronymus Cardanus - cardinal utility - cardinal virtues - cardinality - care - Thomas Carlyle - Gershom Carmichael - Rudolf Carnap - Carneades - Carolingian renaissance - Lewis Carroll - Cartesian circle - Cartesian demon - Cartesian dualism - Cartesian interactionism - Cartesian product - Cartesianism - Nancy Cartwright - Cārvāka - Cārvāka - Ernst Cassirer - Hector-Neri Castaneda - Hector-Neri Castañeda - casuistry - categorematic - categorematica - categorical - categorical grammar - categorical imperative - categorical-in-power - categorical judgement - categorical proposition - categorical theory - categoricity - categories - categories of the understanding - category - category mistake - category of being - category-preserving - category theory - catharsis - Carlo Cattaneo - causa sui - causal chain - causal closure - causal decision theory - causal dependence - causal determinism - causal-historical theory of reference - causal immediacy - causal law - causal overdetermination - causal processes - causal relation - causal responsibility - causal statement - causal theories of mental content - causal theory of knowledge - causal theory of mental content - causal theory of mind - causal theory of perception - causal theory of proper names - causal theory of reference - causality - causallity and necessity in Islamic thought - causation - causation and manipulability - causative verb - cause - causes and reasons - Stanley Cavell - Stanley Louis Cavell - Margaret Cavendish - Margaret Lucas Cavendish

Ce

cellular automaton - Celsus - cement of the universe - central concepts of Christianity - central-state materialism - central state materialism - certainty - Michel de Certeau - ceteris paribus clause

Ch

CH - Pëtr Chaadaev - Petr Chaadaev - Pëtr Iakovlevich Chaadaev - Petr Iakovlevich Chaadaev - Chalcidius - Chaldean Oracles - chance - Chang Hsueh-ch'eng - Chang Hsüeh-ch'eng - Chang Tsai - change - chaos - chaos argument - chaos theory - chatoic system - character structure - character traits - characteristic - characteristica universalis - charismatic authority - charity - Walter Charleton - Pierre Charron - Walter Chatton - cheapest-cost avoider - chemistry - Ch'en Hsien-chang - cheng - Ch'eng Hao - Cheng Hao - Cheng Hsuan - Cheng Hsüan - cheng ming - Ch'eng Ming-Tao - Cheng-shih hsüan-hsüeh - Cheng-shih hsuan-hsueh - Cheng Yi - Nikolai Chernyshevsky - Nikolai Gavrilovich Chernyshevsky - ch'i - chi - Chia I - Chia Yi - Chiao Hung - ch'ien - chien ai - ch'ien and k'un - Ch'ien-fu Lun - Ch'ien Mu - chih - chih-hsing ho-i - Chih-I - Chih Tun - Richard Chillington - William Chillingworth - Chinese Classics - Chinese Legalism - Chinese philosophy - Chinese room - Chinese room argument - Chinese world - ching - ch'ing - Chinul - Roderick Chisholm - Roderick Milton Chisholm - chit - choice - choice sequence - Noam Chomsky - Chomsky hierarchy of languages - Chong Yagyong - Chông Yagyong - choosing - choosing and deciding - chora - Chou Tun-yi - Christine de Pizan - Christology - Chrysippus - Chrysorrhoas - Chu Hsi - ch'uan - chün-tzu - chung - chung and shu - Chung-yung - Chung Yung - Alonzo Church - church fathers - Church-Turing thesis - Pat Churchland - Patricia Smith Churchland - Paul Churchland - Paul M. Churchland - Church's theorem - Church's theorem and the decision problem - Church's thesis

Ci

Cicero - Marcus Tullius Cicero - August von Cieszkowski - circular reasoning - circularity - citizenship - citta-matra - citta-mātra - civic humanism - civil disobedience - civil liberties - civil rights - civil society - Helene Cixous - Hélène Cixous

Cl

claim right - clairvoyance - clandestine literature - Clarembald of Arras - Samuel Clarke - class - class paradox - class struggle - classical conditioning - classical liberalism - classical logic - classical mechanics - classical republicanism - Cleanthes - clear and distinct idea - Clement of Alexandria - Cleomedes - W. K. Clifford - W.K. Clifford - William Kingdom Clifford - William Kingdon Clifford - clip an angel's wings - closed formula - closed loop - closed sentence - closure

Co

Coa-Com

Coase theorem - Catherine Cockburn - Catherine Trotter Cockburn - coercion - cogency - cogito argument - Cogito ergo sum - cognition - cognitive architecture - cognitive development - cognitive dissonance - cognitive meaning - cognitive neuroscience - cognitive pluralism - cognitive psychology - cognitive psychotherapy - cognitive science - cognitive science of mathematics - cognitive value - cognitivism - G. A. Cohen - G.A. Cohen - Hermann Cohen - L. Jonathan Cohen - coherence (philosophical gambling strategy) - coherence theory of justification - coherence theory of knowledge - coherence theory of truth - coherentism - Coimbra commentaries - Coimbra group - collapse theories (quantum mechanics) - Samuel Taylor Coleridge - Collegium Conimbricense - collective responsibility - collective unconscious - collectivity - college logic - Lucio Colletti - Arthur Collier - colligation - R. G. Collingwood - R.G. Collingwood - Robin George Collingwood - Anthony Collins - color - color realism - color theories - colors - colour - colour and qualia - colour theories - colours - combinatory completeness - combinatory logic - comedy - Comenius - John Amos Comenius - command theory of law - commensurability - commentaries on Aristotle - commentaries on Plato - Comments of a Recluse - Commensurability (ethics) - commission - commisive - common-consent arguments for the existence of God - common effects - common good - common knowledge - common law - common notions - common sense - common sense and the Diallelus - common sense ethics - common sense philosophy - common sense reasoning - Common Sense School - common sensibles - common sensism - commonsensism - communication - communication and intention - communication theory - communicative rationality - communism - communitarianism - community - commutative justice - compactness - compactness theorem - comparative philosophy Chinese and Western - compatibilism - compatibilism and incompatibilism - competence - complement - complementarity - complementary class - complementary term - complementation - complete negation - complete symbol - completeness - completeness theorem - comple - complex idea - complexe significabile - complexity - complexum significabile - composite idea - composition - compositional intention - compositionality - compossible - comprehension - comprehension schema - computability - computability theory - computable - computational - computational complexity - computational theories of mind - computational theory of mind - computer ethics - computer modeling - computer program - computer science - computer theory - computers - Auguste Comte - Isidore-Auguste-Marie-François-Xavier Comte - Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte

Con

conation - conative - conceivability - concept - concepts - concepts of probability - conceptual analysis - conceptual immediacy - conceptual polarity - conceptual priority - conceptual role semantics - conceptual role theory of meaning - conceptual scheme - conceptual truth - conceptualism - conciliarism - concilience - conclusive evidence - conclusive justification - concomitant variation - concomitant variations - concrescence - concrete universal - concretion - concretism - concupiscence - concurrent cause - concursus dei - Étienne Bonnot de Condillac - Etienne Bonnot de Condillac - condition - conditional - conditional probability - conditional proof - conditional proposition - conditionals - conditioning - conditio sine qua non - Condorcet - Marquis de Condorcet - Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Cartitat de Condorcet - Condorcet winner - conduct - confectionary fallacy - confederalism - confirmation - confirmation holism - confirmation theory - confirmational holism - Confucian Analects - Confucian philosophy - Confucianism - Confucius - congruence - Conimbricenses - conjecture - conjunction - conjunction elimination - conjunction introduction - conjunctive normal form - connected - connectionism - connective - connectives - connotation - conscience - consciousness - consciousness and intentionality - consensus reality - consent - consequence - consequence argument - consequence relation - consequent - consequentia mirabilis - consequential property - consequentialism - conservation - conservation principle - conservation principles - conservatism - conservatism and Romanticism - consilience - consistency - consistency proofs - constant - Benjamin Constant - Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque - Henri Benjamin Constant de Rebecque - constant conjunction - constant sum game - constative - constatives - constitution - constitutionalism - constitutive principle - construct - constructible universe - constructionism - constructive dilemma - constructive empiricism - constructivism - constructivism in ethics - constructivism in mathematics - consubstantiation - containment - content - content externalism - content of consciousness - context (philosophical term) - context principle - contextual definition - contextualism - contiguity - continence - Continental philosophy - Continental philosophy of law - Continental rationalism - contingency - contingent - contingent and necessary existence - contingent and necessary statements - contingent being - contingent liar - continuant - continuants - continuity - continuum hypothesis - continuum problem - contract theory - contractarianism - contradiction - contradictions - contradictories - contraposition - contrapositive - contraries - contrary-to-duty imperative - contrary-to-fact conditional - contravalid - contributive value - contributory value - control - convention - convention T - conventional implicature - conventional sign - conventionality of simultaneity - conventionalism - convergence - conversational implicature - converse - converse domain - converse relation - conversion - Anne Conway - Anne Conway née Finch - Anne Finch Conway - Lady Anne Finch Conway

Coo-Cov

John Cook Wilson - coordination problem - coordinative definition - Copernican revolution - Nicolaus Copernicus - Frederick Copleston - copula - copulatio - Geraud de Cordemoy - Géraud de Cordemoy - corner quotes - corners - corollary - corrective justice - correlativity - correspondence theory of truth - corresponding conditional - corrigibility - corroboration - corruption - cosmogony - cosmological argument - cosmology - cosmology and religious belief - cosmology and theology - cosmopolitanism - cost-benefit analysis - could have done otherwise - count noun - countable - counterdomain - counterexample - counterfactual - counterfactual analysis of causation - counterfactual conditionals - counterfactual theories of causal processes - counterfactuals - counteridenticals - counterinstance - counterpart theory - counting - courage - Antoine-Augustin Cournot - Antoine Augustin Cournot - Victor Cousin - Louis Couturat - covering law model - covering-law model

Cr-Cz

Craig reduct - Craig's theorem - Crates of Thebes - Crates the Cynic - William Crathorn - Cratylus - Cratylus of Athens - Cratylus Zeyl - creation - creation and conservation - creation ex nihilo - creationism - credibility - credo quia absurdum est - credo ut intelligam - Hasdai Crescas - Hasdai ibn Crescas - crime and punishment - criminal law theory - criteria -- see criterion - Criteria of Adequacy - criteriological connection - criteriology - criterion - Critical idealism - Critical legal studies - critical philosophy - Critical realism - critical theory - critical thinking - Croatian philosophy - Benedetto Croce - crucial experiment - crucial experiments - Christian August Crusius - Damaris Cudworth - Ralph Cudworth - cultural evolution - cultural identity - cultural relativism - culture - Nathaniel Culverwel - cum hoc ergo propter hoc - Richard Cumberland - Haskell Curry - Curry's paradox - Cursus Coninbricensis - curve-fitting problem - curve fitting problem - Cusa - Cusanus - custom - cut-elimination theorem - cybernetics - Cynics - Cyrenaics - Czech philosophy - Heinrich Czolbe


List of philosophical topics (A-C) -- (D-H) -- (I-Q) -- (R-Z)

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