According to the 2001 Census, Brookeborough had a population of 517. The economy is heavily dependent on cattle & sheep farming. The village is in the parish of Aghavea, which is part of the Diocese of Clogher. There are five places of Christian worship; a Roman Catholic Chapel, a Methodist Church (built in 1839), an Elim Pentecostal Church, a Church of Ireland Church and a Baptist Church; three public houses; and two primary (elementary) schools.
The Boer War memorial at the head of the town was carved by a local man named Harte in 1901. Behind it is the Lady Brooke Memorial Hall of the same date, a period building preserving all its original features including a clocktower and transverse stained glass window panels.
Aghalun was in the hands of the Maguire clan until the 1641 rebellion when it was given to the Brooke family. It is believed that Aghalun, which means field of the blackbirds, was the name given to the area because of Lady Maguire's reputed fondness for blackbirds. The village was then named after Sir Henry Brooke who was granted the village in 1666 and settled in Colebrooke Park nearby.
On 31 December 1957 there was a well-known attack on Brookeborough Royal Ulster Constabulary barracks by the IRA, which marked the opening of its 1950s Border Campaign. This attack was led by Seán Garland, and included Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon, both the subjects of well-known Irish republican ballads, who were shot dead during the attack.
In 2002 the Brookeborough Community Development Association in conjunction with a similar organisation in Riverstown, County Sligo, Republic of Ireland launched the Riverbrooke Cross-Border Initiative linking the two villages in a programme of cross-community/cross-border working.
Brookeborough is classified as a small village or hamlet by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (ie with a population of between 500 and 1,000 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 517 people living in Brookeborough. Of these:
For further details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service