Brook

Brook

[brook]
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980, American painter, b. Brooklyn, N.Y. Brook's paintings, which are consistently realistic, include portraits, still-life subjects, landscapes, and figures. His color is subtle and reserved. A deep respect for human personality characterizes much of his work, often with overtones of wry humor or irony. Among his major works are Amalia (Toledo Mus. of Art), Peggy Bacon and Metaphysics (Univ. of Nebraska), and The Sentinels (Whitney Mus., New York City). Brook was married (1920-40) to the artist Peggy Bacon and later to the painter Gina Knee.
Brook, Peter, 1925-, English theatrical director, b. London, grad. Oxford (1943). An innovative, unconventional, and controversial figure, Brook mounts energetic productions in which the entire stage is utilized and realistic sets are banished in favor of bold, abstract, and austere settings. His approach is extremely physical, and he often has his actors sing, play musical instruments, and perform acrobatics. After apprenticing in various repertory companies, he began his long association with what became (1961) the Royal Shakespeare Company with his production of Love's Labour's Lost (1946). Subsequent Shakespearean productions included Measure for Measure (1950), Titus Andronicus (1955), King Lear (1962), and A Midsummer Night's Dream (1970), which was set in a kind of adult playground with trapezes, stilts, and spinning plates. Other Brook productions for the Royal Shakespeare Company included his staging of Peter Weiss's Marat/Sade (1964, Tony Award for best director), a play within a play set in the insane asylum housing the Marquis de Sade that examines both revolution and madness, and US (1966), an attack on U.S. involvement in Vietnam. During the 1960s, Brook's productions were influenced both by the shock tactics of Antonin Artaud and the analytical detachment of Bertolt Brecht.

Brook has also directed films, such as Moderato Cantabile (1960), Lord of the Flies (1963), and King Lear (1971); and operas, such as Faust and Eugene Onegin. In the 1970s, he founded the International Center of Theatre Research in Paris, an assembly of actors, dancers, musicians, and other performers of many nationalities. Their most recognized achievement was a nine-hour presentation of the Indian epic The Mahabharata (1985). Since then Brook has created a variety of other theatrical works, including a version of Oliver Sacks's The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat (1994); a production of Mozart's Don Giovanni (1998); a streamlined Hamlet (2000); Tierno Bokar (2005), a theater piece based on the life of a West African Sufi in the 1930s; and The Grand Inquisitor, a parable adapted from Dostoyevsky (2006). His books on the theater include Empty Space (1969), The Shifting Point (1987), and The Open Door (1995).

See his The Open Door (1993) and his autobiographical Threads of Time (1998); Gregory Boyd, ed., Between Two Silences: Talking with Peter Brook (1999), M. Croyden, Conversations with Peter Brook (2003); biographies by J. C. Trewin (1971), A. Hunt and G. Reeves (1995), and M. Kustow (2005); studies by D. Williams (1988), R. Helfer and G. Loney, ed. (1998), and A. Todd and J.-G. Lecat (2003).

Taylor, Brook, 1685-1731, English mathematician. He originated Taylor's theorem, a formula important in differential calculus, which relates a function to its derivatives by means of a power series. This theorem was set forth in his Methodus incrementorum directa et inversa (1715), which gave the first published treatment of the calculus of finite differences. His Linear Perspective (1715) expounded the principle of vanishing points and was of value to artists. His solution to the problem of the center of oscillation led to a translation into mathematical terms of the mechanical principles governing the vibration of a string.
or speckled trout

Popular freshwater game fish (Salvelinus fontinalis), a variety of char, that is valued for its flavour and its fighting qualities when hooked. The brook trout is a native of the northeastern U.S. and Canada and has been transplanted to many parts of the world. It lives in cold, clean waters and carries dark, wormlike markings on the back and red and whitish spots on the body. The brook trout may weigh up to 6 lbs (3 kg). Some individuals migrate to large lakes or the sea and grow much larger and more silvery.

Learn more about brook trout with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 21, 1925, London, Eng.) British director and producer. After directing plays in Stratford-upon-Avon, he became director of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden (1947–50). He directed several innovative Shakespearean productions that aroused controversy. Appointed codirector of the Royal Shakespeare Co. in 1962, he directed critically acclaimed productions of King Lear (1962) and A Midsummer Night's Dream (1970). He won international fame with his avant-garde direction of Peter Weiss's play Marat/Sade (1964). His films include Lord of the Flies (1962), King Lear (1969), and the six-hour Mahabharata (1989). In 1970 he cofounded, with Jean-Louis Barrault, the International Centre for Theatre Research.

Learn more about Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 21, 1925, London, Eng.) British director and producer. After directing plays in Stratford-upon-Avon, he became director of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden (1947–50). He directed several innovative Shakespearean productions that aroused controversy. Appointed codirector of the Royal Shakespeare Co. in 1962, he directed critically acclaimed productions of King Lear (1962) and A Midsummer Night's Dream (1970). He won international fame with his avant-garde direction of Peter Weiss's play Marat/Sade (1964). His films include Lord of the Flies (1962), King Lear (1969), and the six-hour Mahabharata (1989). In 1970 he cofounded, with Jean-Louis Barrault, the International Centre for Theatre Research.

Learn more about Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Short-lived utopian experiment in communal living (1841–47) in West Roxbury, Mass. (near Boston), founded by George Ripley. The best known of the many utopian communities organized in the U.S. in the mid-19th century, Brook Farm was to combine the thinker and the worker, to guarantee the greatest mental freedom, and to prepare a society of liberal, cultivated persons whose lives would be more wholesome and simpler than they could be amid the pressure of competitive institutions. It is remembered for the distinguished literary figures and intellectual leaders associated with it, including Charles A. Dana, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller, Horace Greeley, James Russell Lowell, John Greenleaf Whittier, and Ralph Waldo Emerson (though not all of them were actual members). It was also noted for the modern educational theory of its excellent school. Seealso Oneida Community.

Learn more about Brook Farm (Institute of Agriculture and Education) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Brook is a town located in Iroquois Township, Newton County, Indiana. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 1,062.

Geography

Brook is located at 40°51'58" North, 87°21'57" West (40.866026, -87.365812).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²), of which, 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²) of it is land and 1.49% is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,062 people, 397 households, and 292 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,607.2 people per square mile (621.3/km²). There were 423 housing units at an average density of 640.2/sq mi (247.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.05% White, 0.28% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 2.92% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 8.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 397 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,881, and the median income for a family was $38,958. Males had a median income of $31,339 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,826. 7.9% of the population and 4.6% of families were below the poverty line. 12.1% of those under the age of 18 and 8.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Culture

The Iroquois Conservation Club hosts an annual fishing contest for kids under the age of 18 and their parents.

Education

Grades Kindergarten through 12 attend South Newton School in Kentland, Indiana. South Newton

References

External links

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