Broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable that has a green stalk and small, green florets. It is commonly described as looking like a tree. Broccoli is served either hot or cold, and is commonly steamed, boiled or included in casseroles. This vegetable is very high in vitamin D and fiber. It is also known for its vitamin B content and is low in calories and fat. A high intake of broccoli is thought to decrease the risk of some cancers and heart disease. The healthiest ways to eat it are steamed or raw.
Broccoli grows best in cool temperatures. China produces more broccoli than any other nation, but India, the United States and Spain also produce large amounts of this popular vegetable.