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[bresh-kawf-skee, -kof-]
Breshkovsky, Catherine, 1844-1934, Russian revolutionary, called "the little grandmother (babushka) of the Russian Revolution." Of a noble family, she began on her father's estates the education of the peasants and other social reforms. These, carried into a larger field, brought her over 30 years of imprisonment and exile in Siberia. Released from exile by Kerensky after the Revolution of 1917, she returned to Russia, but found herself out of sympathy with the Bolshevik regime and left the country. Her letters and memoirs were edited by Alice Stone Blackwell with the title Little Grandmother (1917).

See her autobiographical Hidden Springs of the Russian Revolution (1931).

Catherine Breshkovsky (real name Yekaterina Konstatinovna Breshko-Breshkovskaya (Екатерина Константиновна Брешко-Брешковская); 13 January 184412 September 1934) was a Russian socialist and revolutionary, better known as Babushka ("Grandmother").

Revolutionary life

She left her home at the age of 26 to join followers of anarchist Mikhail Bakunin in Kiev. As a Narodnik revolutionary, she was imprisoned 1874 at Katorga and exiled to Siberia in 1878. After her release in 1896, she formed a Socialist-Revolutionary group and helped to organize the Socialist-Revolutionary Party in 1901.

She escaped to Switzerland and the United States in 1900. After returning to Imperial Russia in 1905, she was captured and exiled to Siberia again. After the February Revolution of 1917, political prisoners were released, and Breshkovsky was given a seat in Aleksandr Kerensky's government. When the Bolshevik organized the October Revolution, Breshkovsky was again forced to flee.

She died in Czechoslovakia.

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