Definitions

Bozrah

Bozrah

Bozrah, in the Bible. 1 Important city of Edom, probably the modern Busayra (Jordan), SE of the Dead Sea. The prophets often linked the name Bozrah with that of Edom. 2 City of Moab, perhaps identical with Bezer.
modern Bussubdotra al-Shām

Ruined city, southwestern Syria. Lying south of Damascus, it was first a Nabataean city and was later conquered by the Romans (see Roman Republic and Empire) under Trajan. It was the capital of the Roman province of Arabia and served as a fortress east of the Jordan River. It became the see of a bishop early in the 4th century AD but fell to the Muslims in the 7th century. Crusaders captured the city in the 12th century but failed to hold it, and it quickly fell into decline. It is the site of monumental remains of temples, triumphal arches, aqueducts, churches, and mosques.

Learn more about Bostra with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Bozrah is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 2,357 at the 2000 census. Bozrah contains two villages: Fitchville, the town center, and Gilman.

History

The area that became Bozrah was first settled as part of the original "nine-miles-square" of Norwich, as well as part of the Parish of West Farms. The area became its own parish, called "New Concord" or the "Fourth Society of Norwich," in 1737.

A legend about the origin of the town's name

Bozrah is the name of a Syrian desert community mentioned several times in the Old Testament, sometimes with pleasing connotations, sometimes not. The town name may have resulted from the happy connotations connected with Micah: 2, 12: "I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold; they shall make a great noise by reason of the multitude of men."

For Bozrah is a beautiful country town, picturesque with its endless fields and flowing streams. Never can one come across such a welcoming town. While in the Bible, Bozrah is a desolate wasteland, the farming community in Connecticut is far from useless.

According to a persistent legend, the name "Bozrah" was derived from another Biblical text, which came to someone's mind under the particular circumstances surrounding the community's petition to the Connecticut General Assembly for township status. Whether or not the story is true, the informal, early name "New Concord" was dropped when the town was incorporated.

The community, according to the legend, really wanted to call itself "Bath" after the famous spa in England. The local man chosen to carry the parish's request to Hartford had a somewhat eccentric manner of dress, however, and when he appeared before the Legislature he was dressed in loud, parti-colored homespun so odd as to bring to the mind of one amused legislator the query of Isaiah: 63, I: "Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah?" Overcome by the humorous appropriateness of this verse, the Assembly decided to name the town "Bozrah" when it incorporated the place.

Registered Historic Place

Bozrah Congregational Church and Parsonage, at 17 and 23 Bozrah St., was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 26 1991.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.2 square miles (52.4 km²), of which, 20.0 square miles (51.7 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (1.33%) is water. The town abuts 487 acre Gardner Lake, a popular recreational destination at its southwestern corner.

Demographics

Historical population of
Bozrah
1830 1,079
1840 1,067
1850 867
1860 1,216
1870 984
1880 1,155
1890 1,005
1900 799
1910 861
1920 858
1930 859
1940 904
1950 1,154
1960 1,590
1970 2,036
1980 2,135
1990 2,297
2000 2,357

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,357 people, 883 households, and 662 families residing in the town. The population density was 118.0 people per square mile (45.6/km²). There were 917 housing units at an average density of 45.9/sq mi (17.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.39% White, 0.55% African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

There were 883 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $57,059, and the median income for a family was $65,481. Males had a median income of $45,291 versus $27,361 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,569. About 2.2% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25 2005
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage Democratic 639 18 657 37.74% Republican 321 7 328 18.84% Unaffiliated 732 24 756 43.42% Minor Parties 0 0 0 0.0%
Total 1,692 49 1,741 100%

Education

The town educational center, Fields Memorial(K-8), is located in Fitchville. There is no high school. Most high school aged children matriculate at the Norwich Free Academy, an independent public high school located in the nearby city of Norwich.

Notable people, past and present

  • Sam Gejdenson, former United States congressman representing the second congressional district, was born of Jewish parents in a German displaced persons camp following World War II, then came to America with his family in 1950 to eventually settle on a dairy farm in town.
  • Reuben Hyde Walworth (1788-1867), a New York state jurist and United States Congressman, was nominated three times to become justice of the United States Supreme Court, but his nomination was thwarted on all three occasions.

References

External links

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