is a city in and the county seat
of Gallatin County
, United States
, in the southwestern part of the state. With a population of 27,509 at the 2000 census
, Bozeman is the fifth largest city in the state. The city is named after John M. Bozeman
, founder of the Bozeman Trail
. Located in the fastest-growing county in the state
, Bozeman is an All-America City
(awarded in 2001)
Bozeman residents are known as Bozemanites.
Bozeman is home to Montana State University - Bozeman. The local newspaper is the Bozeman Chronicle. Gallatin Field Airport serves the city.
For thousands of years, Native Americans tribes including the Shoshone
, Nez Perce
, Crow Nation
made the area their home, though the Gallatin Valley was not permanently held by any particular tribe.
visited the area in July 1806 as he traveled east from Three Forks
along the Gallatin River. The party camped east of what is now Bozeman, at the mouth of Kelly Canyon. The journal entries from Clark's party briefly describe the future city's location in a place the local natives called the "Valley of the Flowers"
In 1863, John Bozeman, along with a partner named John Jacobs, opened the Bozeman Trail, an offshoot from the Oregon Trail leading to the mining town of Virginia City through the Gallatin Valley and the future location of the city of Bozeman.
John Bozeman, with Daniel Rouse and William Beall platted the town in 1864 stating "standing right in the gate of the mountains ready to swallow up all tenderfeet that would reach the territory from the east, with their golden fleeces to be taken care of...". The Indian Wars closed the Bozeman Trail in 1868, but the town's fertile land attracted permanent settlers.
In 1866 Nelson Story arrived with 3,000 head of longhorn cattle sneaking past angry Native Americans and the U.S. Army who tried to turn Story back for safety reasons. Those first cattle formed the first herd in Montana's cattle industry.
Fort Ellis was established in 1867 by Captain R. S. LaMotte and two companies of the 2nd Cavalry, after the mysterious death of John Bozeman near Yellowstone and considerable political disturbance in the area led local settlers and miners to feel a need for added protection. The fort, named for Gettysburg casualty Colonel Augustus Van Horne Ellis, was decommissioned in 1886 and very few remains are left at the actual site, now occupied by the Fort Ellis Experimental Station of Montana State University In addition to Fort Ellis, a short-lived fort, Fort Elizabeth Meahger (also simply known as Fort Meagher), was established in 1867 by volunteer militiamen. This fort was located eight miles (13 km) east of town on Rock Creek.
Northern Pacific Railway tracks finally reached the small town in 1883. By 1900, Bozeman's population reached 3,500.
The first Federal Building and Post Office was built in 1915. Many years later, while empty, it was a film location along with downtown Bozeman in A River Runs Through It (1992) by Robert Redford, starring Brad Pitt. It is now used by HRDC, a community organization.
The University's Museum of the Rockies was put on the map by famed paleontologist Jack Horner.
Residents and visitors enjoy easy access to skiing at the Big Sky Ski Resort, although many locals prefer the closer and cheaper Bridger Bowl Ski Area. Plentiful recreational activities and the free marketing the area received from A River Runs Through It and The Horse Whisperer have combined to bring a steady influx of new residents and visitors.
References in popular culture
The movie Star Trek: First Contact (co-written by Bozeman native Brannon Braga) established Bozeman as the site of first contact between Vulcans and humans, an event subsequently referenced in Star Trek: Enterprise episodes "Carbon Creek" and "Desert Crossing." A Starfleet starship named for the city, USS Bozeman, appears in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Cause and Effect."
In the popular television show CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Las Vegas Crime Scene Investigator Level 3 Catherine Willows is originally from Bozeman. In the spinoff show CSI: NY, Detective Lindsay Monroe is also a Bozeman native and had been there for 3 years before her transfer to New York at the request of Mac Taylor. Because of her roots in Bozeman, Lindsay is given the nickname "Montana" by co-worker Detective Danny Messer. In a 2007 episode, Lindsay returns to Bozeman to testify as a witness for the prosecution in a quadruple homicide case in which she is the lone survivor.
Bozeman was also featured in the movie Supervolcano, where it is destroyed by an eruption at Yellowstone National Park.
Bozeman is the hometown of Dale, a character from Heroes, featured in the episode "Unexpected".
Lincoln Burrows makes a call from a Bozeman bridge in the second season of the hit TV series Prison Break.
Bozeman is also featured in the Paramount Pictures film, "Shooter", starring Mark Wahlberg.
In the film "Silence of The Lambs", Jodie Foster's character mentions while she was living on a Montana ranch as a young girl, she was sent to "live at the Lutheran orphanage in Bozeman" after trying to save sheep from slaughter.
Montana State University in Bozeman also provides a key setting in the novel Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance; the narrator was a professor teaching English composition while developing his philosophical ideas.
The members of the noise rock group Steel Pole Bath Tub are originally from Bozeman. They wrote a song titled "Bozeman" on their third album, The Miracle of Sound in Motion.
Bozeman is also the hometown of Roy Eberhardt, the main character in the best-selling novel Hoot
Bozeman is also referenced in the moe. song "stranger than Fiction" on their album Tin Cans and Car Tires. The lyrics are "Stranger than fiction /I heard the mouth of the young girl say / Stranger than fiction waking up every day / Two days to Bozeman / and our trucker's gonna make time fly"
Bozeman was referenced in the internet comic strip, Penny Arcade on June 25th, 2008
In the film, "A River Runs Through It" a scene was filmed in the Student Union of Montana State University, Bozeman. Much of the film was shot near Bozeman, though the movie was set in Missoula Montana.
Geography and climate
Bozeman is located at (45.677890, -111.047274), in the Gallatin Valley
with the Bridger Mountains
to the northeast, the Tobacco Root Mountains to the west, the Big Belt Mountains
to the north, the Hyalites to the south and the Spanish Peaks and Gallatin Range to the southwest. Interstate 90
passes through the city, with the city lying east of Butte, Montana
(87 by road), west of Billings, Montana
(143 by road), and north of Yellowstone National Park
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.6 square miles (32.6 km²), all of it land.
Climate in Bozeman and the surrounding area is fairly unusual in that it receives significantly higher rainfall, up to of precipitation annually vs. 8-12 in much of Montana Combined with fertile soils, plant growth is relatively lush. This undoubtedly contributed to the early nickname "Valley of the Flowers" and the establishment of the state's Montana Agricultural College
As of the census
of 2000, there were 27,509 people, 10,877 households, and 5,014 families residing in the city. The population density
was 2,183.8 people per square mile (843.0/km²). There were 11,577 housing units at an average density of 919.0/sq mi (354.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.73% White
, 0.33% African American
, 1.24% Native American
, 1.62% Asian
, 0.07% Pacific Islander
, 0.54% from other races
, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.59% of the population.
There were 10,877 households out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.9% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the city the population was spread out with 16.0% under the age of 18, 33.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 111.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,156, and the median income for a family was $41,723. Males had a median income of $28,794 versus $20,743 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,104. About 9.2% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2006, Bozeman has had a public bus transportation system called Streamline
Streamline operates 4 routes covering most of the Bozeman area. This includes the University, Hospital, Mall, Main Shopping areas, and downtown. The transportation system is funded by a variety of Federal, State, and local sources. The Associated Students of Montana State University is the largest contributor to the system. Because of this funding, consumers are not charged to ride the bus service.
Notable natives and residents
- Loren Acton, astronaut and physicist
- Elaine M. Alphin, author
- Conrad Anker, author and rockclimber
- John Baden, economist
- John Bohlinger, Lieutenant Governor of Montana
- John Bozeman, pioneer and founder of the Bozeman Trail.
- Dorothy Bradley, former Montana Attorney General and gubernatorial candidate
- Brannon Braga, writer and producer of Star Trek television shows and films
- Will Brooke, former chief of staff of Conrad Burns
- Deborah Butterfield, sculptor known for use of horses in artwork, displayed in the Smithsonian American Art Museum, among many other museums
- Gary Cooper, actor, attended Gallatin Valley High School
- Sam Cox, author and telemark skier
- Dragan Danevski, cross-country ski coach
- Don G. Despain, botanist, ecologist, and fire behavior specialist
- Daniella Deutscher, actress
- Travis Dorsch, former college and National Football League punter and placekicker
- Paul Durham, lead singer, songwriter, and founder of alternative rock band Black Lab
- Diana L. Eck, Professor of Comparative Religion at Harvard University
- Zales Ecton, Republican politician in the 1930s
- Pablo Elvira, opera singer
- Peter Fonda, actor, director, writer, and producer
- Charles S. Hartman, United States Congressman from Montana
- Jack Horner, preeminent paleontologist upon whom the main character, Dr. Alan Grant, in the book and film Jurassic Park was patterned
- Landon Jones, journalist and author
- Stan Jones, Libertarian Party candidate for Montana governor and United States Senator
- Dale W. Jorgenson, Harvard University professor and economist
- Donna Kelley, former CNN anchor and current KBZK anchor.
- Vanessa Kerry, daughter of [[John Kerry]
- Nikki Kimball, three time winner of the Western States 100 mile endurance run
- Jane Lawrence, actress and opera singer
- Alex Lowe, mountain climber
- Darren Main, yoga instructor
- Ben Mikaelsen, author
- Greg Mortenson, author
- John Nord, professional wrestler
- Phil Olsen, former National Football League lineman
- Christopher Parkening, guitarist
- Robert M. Pirsig, author, past instructor of English / Rhetoric at Montana State University, revisited in Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance
- Elizabeth Clare Prophet, co-founder of Church Universal and Triumphant
- David Quammen, long-time columnist for Outside magazine, and author
- Red Cloud, a chief of Oglala Sioux who opposed the opening of the Bozeman Trail and fought over the vicinity of the future city site
- Scott Sales, Speaker of the Montana House of Representatives
- Kevin Sweeney, former quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys
- Sidney Runyan Thomas, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
- Julia Thorne, writer and ex-wife of 2004 Democratic Presidential candidate John Kerry
- Ted Turner, entrepreneur and founder of cable television empires including CNN and TBS
- Kathy Tyers, writer particularly known for her contribution to the Star Wars series
- Peter Voulkos, ceramic artist
- Sarah Vowell, author, regular on This American Life, and voiceover actress, most recognized from The Incredibles
- Dave Walker, musician
- Timothy M. Weston, cross country skier
- Bill Yellowtail, former Montana state senator
Points of interest
- Smith, Phyllis (1996). Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley. A History. Helena, MT: Falcon Press Publishers.