With the end of Ancien Régime, the civil authorities and religious leaders renamed the city to Bouillante. Moreover, Saint-Louis, religious character, is Patron saint of the commune.
It is at the XVII ième century, period pionnière, that Bouillante knew its apogee. It occupied an important place in the island by the policy of the Kingdom of France. Indeed, the king wanted to make of the Guadeloupe a colony of settlement based on the family small-scale farming and the introduction of volunteers. The latter, from France, were regarded as the first European inhabitants after the Caribbean which lived of an agriculture on denshering and bow net fishing.
It is them which they learned the rudiments from tropical agriculture, if different from their area of origin. These Amerindians were marginalized following the integral report/ratio of the two practical ones and they did not follow all the same route. The two enumerations, that of 1664 and that of 1671, reveal the destiny of the ones and others.
From the years 1960, the commune knew major upheavals with the departure of a great number of young people towards the cities and the metropolis.
Its fertile volcanic soil allowed the growing of coffee, which was regarded as one of best in the world. Cotton, market-gardening products, banana, and vanilla also greatly contributed to its economic success for many years.
Today, the economy of the commune is centered on tourism. But agriculture, fishing, the craft industry and geothermics are not negligible activities.
Bouillante profits from a coast cut out with many handles and bays largely open on the broad one and with the shelter of the winds violent one the such Handle to the Boat. One finds beautiful beaches like those of Small-Handle, Anse with sand, Malendure with his famous coral barrier which lodges prestigious Réserve Cousteau.
To the East, a large mountainous chain. Crossing the commune in its North-South axis is the national forest. The climax is the Piton of Bouillante.