Boris Petrovich Nikolsky
(Бори́с Петро́вич Нико́льский) (1900-1990) – was a Russian
) physical chemist
, Academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences
, and professor
of Saint Petersburg
(then Leningrad) State University
. Made an important contribution to study of ion exchange
between aqua solutions and different solids (soils, ionites, glasses). He developed the glass electrode
theory and equations that describe properties of glass electrodes as well as other types of ion-selective electrodes
depending on chemical structure and multicomponent composition of glass, concurrent interference of ions and so on.
General publications on the glass electrode theory
- Nikolskii, B. P.. Theory of the glass electrode. I. Theoretical. // J. Phys. Chem. (U.S.S.R.) (1937), 10, 495-503.
- Nikolskii, B. P.; Tolmacheva, T. A. Theory of the glass electrode. II. Effect of boric anhydride and aluminum oxide on the electrode properties of glass. // J. Phys. Chem. (U.S.S.R.) (1937), 10, 504-12.
- Nikolskii, B. P.; Tolmacheva, T. A. Theory of the glass electrode. III. Transfer from the hydrogen electrode function into the sodium function. // J. Phys. Chem. (U.S.S.R.) (1937), 10, 513-23.
B.P.Nikolsky was an editor-in-chief of the one of the best multi-volume hand-books of chemistry in Russia (Soviet Union).