The Third Ear is a book by Chris Lonsdale analyzing human attitudes towards language learning learning with an emphasis on the habits of polyglots. Starting as a native English speaker, this summary of their habits is coupled with his own experience of learning two Chinese dialects, Mandarin and Cantonese. It was released in January 2006 and reprinted in 2007.
Section 1 explores in greater depth some of the myths that surround language learning and discusses alternative viewpoints to these myths. This section also introduces some natual techniques that humans use to process language, in order to support the alternative viewpoints.
Section 2 deals with the specific approaches used by polyglots in their approach to language learning. Lonsdale summarizes their approach to (for example), remember massive amounts of new information, and training themselves to sound more and more like a native speaker.
Section 3 introduces more advanced techniques used by polyglots. While Section 2 was more practical, this section has more to do with the way polyglots think. For example, rather than follow the commonly held belief that “children are better at learning languages than adults”, Lonsdale explains how polyglots actively use their Adult Advantage.
Throughout the book, Lonsdale introduces a number of key ideas related to the polyglots, and his own, experience of learning language. Some of the ideas include:
Communicate, don’t Grammarate
Lonsdale recommends learners to ignore the study of grammar and focus simply on making themselves understood.
This idea recommends learners to identify the 100 most commonly used words in any language, and master those first.
Find a Language Parent
Stressing that all parents are natural teachers (of their children), Lonsdale recommends learners to find for themselves a language parent who can play a similar role in their acquisition of a second language.
Articulate a clear Goal
Lonsdale aruges that having in mind a clear goal will help the learner in their acquisition of a new language. Warning against the goal of speaking "perfectly", Lonsdale instead urges learners to focus on becoming “just like a native", since even native speakers of a language rarely speak “perfectly".