Definitions

Bombay

Bombay

[bom-bey]
Bombay, former state, W central India, on the Arabian Sea. The state contained within its borders the former Portuguese colonies of Goa and Daman and Diu. Historical remains exist from the period (320-184 B.C.) when much of Bombay belonged to the Buddhist Maurya empire. Buddhism was supplanted (c.5th cent. A.D.) by Hinduism, and the Maurya by independent dynasties until the early Chalukyas established themselves in the region in the 7th cent. By the 14th cent. Muslim powers had attained control, with sultanates at Ahmadnagar and Bijapur. By 1600 the northern part of the region was under Mughal rule; the Marathas became dominant in the 17th cent. In the 16th cent. Portugal was the leading foreign power, but Great Britain predominated in the 17th cent. and by the early 19th cent. had formed the Bombay presidency, having defeated the Marathas at Pune. Enlarged during the 19th cent. (including Aden [1839-1932] and the Sind [1843-1937]), Bombay became a province in 1937. After India gained its independence in 1947, all former native states within the provincial boundary joined Bombay, which became a state. In 1956 Bombay was reorganized, absorbing parts of Hyderabad and Madhya Pradesh and the princely states of Kutch (Kachchh) and Saurashtra. In 1960, however, Bombay state was divided between the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The chief city and former capital of the state, the city of of Bombay, was renamed Mumbai in 1995.
formerly Bombay

City (pop., 2001: city, 11,978,450; metro. area, 16,434,386), capital of Maharashtra state, western India. Located partly on Mumbai Island, it is flanked by Mumbai Harbour and the Arabian Sea. It is India's principal port on that sea and one of the largest and most densely populated cities in the world. The town was acquired by the Portuguese in 1534. It was ceded to the English as part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza, who married Charles II in 1661. Granted to the East India Company in 1668, it became the company's headquarters until 1708. After the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, Mumbai grew to be the largest distributing entrepôt in India. It remains India's economic hub and the heart of financial and commercial activity, its cultural and education centre, and headquarters of its film industry.

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Bombay is a town in Franklin County, New York, United States. The population was 1,192 at the 2000 census. The town was named after Bombay in India by an early landowner, whose wife was from Bombay.

The Town of Bombay is in the northwest part of the county, south of international border of United States and Canada.

History

Bombay is named for the wife of Michael Hogan, an Irish ship captain who grew wealthy in the East India trade, who came to the US in 1805 with his wife, an Indian princess; Hogan bought just north of what would become the Adirondack Park, including the town of Bombay, which was named in honor of his wife's birthplace. His son, William, served as supervisor, and was elected to the Assembly in 1822. In 1829 he became was made a judge of the court of common pleas for Franklin county, and in 1830 he was elected to Congress.

Settlement began around 1805. The region was then known as the Town of Macomb, being a part of Macomb's Purchase.

The Town of Bombay was organized from part of the Town of Fort Covington in 1833.

In 1877, the town was devastated by a plague of grasshoppers, which consumed more than half of the field crops.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.9 square miles (93.0 km²), of which, 35.8 square miles (92.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.28%) is water.

The St. Regis River flows through the northwest corner of the town.

Part of the north town line is the international border of Quebec, defined by the St. Lawrence River, and the west town line is the border of St. Lawrence County.

New York State Route 37 intersects New York State Route 95 in Bombay. New York State Route 37C intersects NY-37 at Hogansburg.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,192 people, 483 households, and 327 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.3 people per square mile (12.9/km²). There were 562 housing units at an average density of 15.7/sq mi (6.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.89% White, 0.42% African American, 14.85% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.92% of the population.

There were 483 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,000, and the median income for a family was $34,375. Males had a median income of $27,273 versus $26,029 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,710. About 16.4% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.3% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Bombay

  • Bombay -- A hamlet in the center of the town on NY-95 near the junction of County Roads 1 and 4.
  • Hogansburg -- A hamlet in the northwest corner of the town at NY-37 on the bank of the St. Regis River. It was formerly called "St. Regis Mills" and "Grays Mills."
  • Pike Creek -- a stream flowing into the St. Lawrence River.
  • South Bombay -- A hamlet near the south town line on County Road 32.
  • St. Regis -- A hamlet in the north part of the town, but within the Mohawk Reservation.
  • St. Regis Mohawk Reservation -- The reservation is at the northern part of the town at the St. Lawrence River and considers itself an autonomous entity apart from the town, state, and federal jurisdiction.

References

External links

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