Definitions

Bolsena

Bolsena

Bolsena, town (1991 pop. 4,064), Latium, central Italy, on picturesque Lake Bolsena, near the site of the second Volsinii. It is an agricultural and tourist center. Of note are an imposing castle (12th cent.) and the Church of Santa Cristina (11th-16th cent.).
Bolsena is a town and comune of Italy, in the province of Viterbo in northern Lazio on the eastern shore of Lake Bolsena. It is 10 km (6 mi) NNW of Montefiascone and 36 km (22 mi) NW of Viterbo.

History

While it is fairly certain that the city is the successor to the ancient Roman town of Volsinii (sometimes termed Volsinii Novi – New Volsinii – to distinguish it from the Etruscan city), scholarly opinion is sharply divided as to whether Bolsena is the same as the ancient Etruscan city of Velzna or Velsuna (sometimes termed Volsinii Veteres – Old Volsinii), the other candidate being Orvieto, 20 km (12 mi) NE.

Bolsena is best known for a miracle said to have occurred there in 1263, when a Bohemian priest, in doubt about the doctrine of Transubstantiation, reported bleeding from the host he had consecrated at Mass. The Duomo di Orvieto was eventually built to commemorate the miracle and house the Corporal of Bolsena.

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