is a city in Marion County
, United States
. The population was 1,898 at the 2000 census. As of 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau
Dunnellon is located at (29.050045, -82.455546).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 km² (7.4 mi²). 18.3 km² (7.1 mi²) of it is land and 1.0 km² (0.4 mi²) of it (5.11%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 1,898 people, 950 households, and 555 families residing in the city. The population density
was 103.9/km² (269.3/mi²). There were 1,128 housing units at an average density of 61.8/km² (160.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.72% White
, 11.85% African American
, 0.11% Native American
, 0.53% Asian
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 0.47% from other races
, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.79% of the population.
There were 950 households out of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.5% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.59.
In the city the population was spread out with 17.2% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 17.7% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 35.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females there were 80.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,386, and the median income for a family was $35,313. Males had a median income of $29,605 versus $22,045 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,905. About 10.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Dunnellon was founded in 1887. In 1889, phosphate
was discovered in the area, leading to an expansion of the area until the early 1910s. The original mining took place in and around the Rainbow River
(formerly called 'Blue Run'), using the river's natural flow to transport phosphates. What is now the 'Blue Cove' subdivision, was one of the original mining pits.