Block

Block

[blok]
Block, Adriaen, fl. 1610-24, Dutch navigator. Eager to establish a fur trade with the Native Americans, Amsterdam merchants sent (1613) Block and another Dutch navigator to explore the region discovered by Henry Hudson. After wintering near Albany, Block sailed from the Hudson into Long Island Sound (1614), which he may have been the first European to enter, coming in through the East River passage that he named Hellegat (Hell Gate). He discovered the Connecticut River, sailed past and named Block Island, and explored Narragansett Bay. Block made the Figurative Map of 1614, showing details of the southern coast of New England and showing (the first to do so) Long Island and Manhattan as separate.
Block, Herbert Lawrence, 1909-2001, American editorial cartoonist known as Herblock, b. Chicago. A superb stylist and generally a political liberal, Herblock began drawing cartoons (1929-33) for the Chicago Daily News, later moving to the Newspaper Enterprise Association (1933-43) and to the Washington Post (1946-2001). His work, which forms a wittily indignant commentary on six decades of American history, was syndicated in more than 300 newspapers, and he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1942, 1954, and 1979, sharing a fourth for the Post's coverage of the Watergate affair. Among the 10 published collections of his cartoons are The Herblock Book (1952), The Herblock Gallery (1968), Herblock's State of the Union (1972), Herblock on All Fronts (1980), and Herblock's History (2000). Herblock never retired, and his last cartoon appeared about a month before his death.

See his autobiography (1993).

Design printed from a plank of wood incised parallel to the vertical axis of the wood's grain. One of the oldest methods of making prints, it was used in China to decorate textiles from the 5th century. Printing from wood blocks on textiles was known in Europe from the early 14th century but developed little until paper began to be manufactured in France and Germany at the end of the 14th century. In the early 15th century, religious images and playing cards were first made from wood blocks. Black-line woodcut reached its greatest perfection in the 16th century with Albrecht Dürer and his followers. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, artists such as Edvard Munch, Paul Gauguin, and the German Expressionists rediscovered the expressive potential of woodcuts. Woodcuts have played an important role in the history of Japanese art (see ukiyo-e).

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Combination of pulleys with a rope or cable, commonly used to augment pulling force. Two or more of the pulleys are attached to a fixed block, and the remaining pulleys are free to move as well as rotate. A block and tackle can be used to lift heavy weights or to exert large forces in any direction. Higher force ratios may be obtained by the use of more pulleys, but this advantage may be offset by increased friction.

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orig. Herbert Lawrence Block

(born Oct. 13, 1909, Chicago, Ill., U.S.—died Oct. 7, 2001, Washington, D.C.) U.S. editorial cartoonist. He first published his cartoons in the Chicago Daily News (1929). Later he worked for the Newspaper Enterprise Association (1933–43) and the Washington Post (from 1946). A leading spokesman for liberalism, he attacked injustices in politics, big business, industry, labour, and economics throughout his 70-year career. He is best known for his 1950s cartoons attacking Senator Joseph McCarthy. The winner of three Pulitzer Prizes (1942, 1954, 1979), Herblock received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994.

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Island, Rhode Island, U.S. It lies at the eastern entrance to Long Island Sound, 9 mi (15 km) southwest of Point Judith, R.I. It has an area of about 11 sq mi (29 sq km) and is coextensive with the town of New Shoreham (pop., 2000: 1,010). Called Manisses by its original Indian inhabitants, Block Island (named for the Dutch explorer Adriaen Block) received its first European settlers in 1661 and was admitted to the colony of Rhode Island in 1664. Once dependent on fishing and farming, it is now primarily a resort.

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Block may refer to:

Objects

  • A large concrete or stone brick
  • Block (sailing), a single or multiple pulley used on sailboats
  • Cylinder block, the main part of an internal combustion engine
  • Toy block, one of a set of wooden or plastic pieces of various shapes
  • Freewheel, a set of rear sprockets that attaches to a hub on the rear wheel

Unit of land

Science

Sports

Technology

Mathematics

Music

See also

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