There are three main parts that make up the parish of Bucklebury. The original village is situated on the banks of the river Pang. Directly south of Bucklebury village, and much higher up, is Bucklebury Common. This is an area of managed heather and woodland. Although open to all ‘commoners’ the land is privately owned. During the Second World War, much of the land was cleared for the stationing of troops, and some of the concrete paths laid down can still be found there, now used as bridleways. It was also once the location for a monks retreat, from Reading Abbey. At the eastern border of the common is the Blade Bone Pub, a butchers, a Doctor's Surgery and a tea shop.
In recent years the village of Upper Bucklebury has become the larger residential area. This is situated on the hill about a Mile and a half (2 kilometres) south west from Bucklebury village at the western tip of the common. It has a general store, a newly built Church, a pub and a Church of England Primary School.