The Black-throated Munia or Jerdon's Mannikin (Lonchura kelaarti) is a small passerine bird. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in the hills of southwest India, the Eastern Ghats and Sri Lanka.
Sri Lankan subspecies, L. k. kelaarti
is sometimes considered to as a separate species distinct from L. k. jerdoni
of the Western Ghats
The Black-throated Munia is a small gregarious bird which feeds mainly on seeds. It frequents open hill woodland and cultivation. The nest is a large domed grass structure in a tree or creepers on a house into which 3-8 white eggs are laid in India, and usually five in Sri Lanka.
The Black-throated Munia is 12cm in length with a long black tail. The adult of the south Indian has a stubby grey bill, dark brown upperparts and blackish head, breast and wings. L. k. kelaarti
has pinkish underparts and rump, and L. k. jerdoni
has barred black and white underparts and rump. The sexes are similar, but immature lack the darker head and have uniform underparts.
The binomial commemorates the zoologist Edward Frederick Kelaart
and the name was given by Thomas C. Jerdon
- Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
- Birds of India by Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6
- [BirdLife Species Factsheet