Definitions

biznaga

List of Spanish words of Indigenous American Indian origin

This is a list of Spanish words that come from Indigenous languages of the Americas. It is further divided into words that come from Arawakan, Aymara, Carib, Mayan, Nahuatl, Quechua, Tarahumara, Tupi, and uncertain (the word is known to be from the Americas, but the exact source language is unclear). Some of these words have alternate etymologies and may also appear on a list of Spanish words from a different language.

Alphabetic list

A

  • aguacate (nahuatl awakatl)
  • ajolote (nahuatl axololtl)
  • alpaca
  • amate (nahuatl amatl)
  • ambú
  • atole (nahuatl atolli)

B

  • barbacoa
  • batata
  • bejuco
  • biznaga
  • bohío
  • boricua
  • borinqueño

C

  • cacahuate/cacahuete (nahuatl kakawatl)
  • cacao (nahuatl)
  • cacique
  • cacomistle, cacomiztle, cacomixtle (nahuatl kakomixtli)
  • caimán
  • calpulli (nahuatl kalpulli)
  • camelo
  • camote (nahuatl camohtli)
  • campechano
  • cancha (quechua)
  • caníbal
  • canoa
  • caoba
  • capulín
  • caraota
  • caribe
  • caribú
  • carioca
  • caraqueño
  • catre
  • caucho
  • casabe, cazabe
  • ceiba
  • chacra
  • chayote (nahuatl chayotl)
  • chía
  • chicle (nahuatl tsikitl)
  • chichimeca (nahuatl chichimeca)
  • chilacayote (nahuatl)
  • chile, chili (nahuatl chilli)
  • Chile
  • chileno
  • chinchilla
  • chirimoya
  • choclo (ear of corn)
  • chocolate (nahuatl chocolatl)
  • cigarro
  • coyote (nahuatl coyotl)
  • cuate

E

  • ejote
  • elote

G

  • gaucho
  • guacamaya, guacamayo
  • guacamole
  • guaco, huaco
  • guagua (child)
  • guajolote
  • guarábana
  • guanaco
  • guano
  • guaraní
  • guayaba
  • guineo
  • güiro

H

  • hamaca
  • henequén
  • hicaco
  • hule
  • huracán

I

  • iguana
  • inca
  • ixtle

J

  • jacal
  • jaguar
  • jíbaro
  • jícama
  • jícara
  • jitomate
  • jobo

L

  • lempira
  • loro
  • llama (animal)

M

  • macana
  • macanudo
  • maguey
  • maiz
  • mamey
  • mangle
  • maní
  • maraca
  • maracuyá
  • mate (drink)
  • maya
  • mecate
  • mesquite
  • milpa
  • mixteco
  • mole (sauce)

N

  • nahua
  • náhuatl
  • nana
  • nene
  • nigua
  • nopal

Ñ

  • ñandú
  • ñapa, yapa

O

  • ocelote
  • ocote
  • olmeca

P

  • palta
  • pampa
  • papa
  • papaya
  • patata
  • pécari
  • petaca
  • petate
  • pinole
  • poroto
  • potosí
  • pozole
  • pulque
  • puma

Q

  • quechua
  • quetzal
  • quiltro
  • quisqueyano

S

  • sabana
  • sonsote, cenzotle
  • soroche

T

  • tabaco
  • taco
  • tamal
  • tamandua
  • tapioca
  • tapir
  • tarahumara
  • tequila
  • tiburón
  • tiza
  • tolteca
  • tomate
  • tucán
  • tuna

V

  • vicuña

Y

Z

  • zacate
  • zapallo
  • zapote
  • zapoteca
  • zarigüeya
  • zopilote

List by language of origin

Arawakan

Aymara

Carib

  • arepa = a typical maize bread ; a pancake, a thin cake, fried or roasted made of maize flour (from Carib arepa)
  • canoa = a typical dugout canoe made by the native Amerindians (from Carib kanawa)
  • curiara = a typical dugout canoe made by the native Amerindians (from Carib kurijara)

Mayan

chuco = adj, having a dark color, sometimes with the connotation of dirty

Nahuatl

Quechua

Tarahumara

Tupi

Yaqui

  • buqui = boy/child
  • bichi = nude

uncertain derivation

See also

References

  • "Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua española" by Guido Gómez de Silva (ISBN 968-16-2812-8)

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