Biwa, lake, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 2 to 12 mi (3.2-19 km) wide, Shiga prefecture, S Honshu, Japan. The lake, shaped like the biwa, a musical instrument, is the largest in Japan and is a popular scenic resort. It abounds in fish, harbors a pearl culture industry, and is famous in Japanese legends. Canals from the lake to Kyoto provide water supply and a transportation route.
was a town located in Higashiazai District, Shiga Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 7,599 and a population density of 447.53 persons per km². The total area was 16.98 km².

Biwa-cho is the home of the Tonda Traditional Bunraku Puppet Troupe, a troupe founded in the 1830s in the tradition of Bunraku puppetry. The Tonda Troupe has performed internationally four times in the United States and Australia.


On February 13, 2006, the town of Biwa merged into the city of Nagahama.

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