is a phenomenon wherein chemical compounds
are produced from simpler reagents
. Biosynthesis, unlike chemosynthesis
, takes place within living organisms
and is generally catalyzed
. The process is a vital part of metabolism
The prerequisites for biosynthesis are:
- Precursor substances
- Energy (usually in the form of ATP).
Often required components include:
- Catalysts, usually enzymes
- Reduction equivalents (in the form of NADH, NADPH, and others).
Important and commonly-known products of biosynthesis include proteins, vitamins, and antibiotics, but all components of living beings are a result of this process. In the near future, it may be possible, with the help of biotechnology, to harness this process for the production of biodegradable plastics.